Simulation Assignment #3 – Writing Legislation


Simulation Assignment #3 – Writing Legislation

Due: April 10th at 11:59 PM (on Moodle)

Length: No more than two pages (following the format of the sample legislation) There are several different types of legislation. For this

Due: April 10th at 11:59 PM (on Moodle)

Length: No more than two pages (following the format of the sample legislation) There are several different types of legislation. For this assignment you are writing a “public bill” for introduction into the House of Representatives. Public bills are items of legislation that affect the general welfare or address a general question. Therefore, you’re writing a potential policy that affects a wide range of the general public (or, at least, your constituents). Your public bill will be placed on the House Calendar. Again, there are several different types of legislative calendars depending on the type of legislation being debated. However, we are simplifying the process by using a single calendar for all bills. All bills will be introduced in the second session of the 114th Congress. You do not need to give your bill an “H.R. number.” Use the sample legislation as a formatting guide. Use the following websites to find legislation introduced by the representative you are playing, or create your own legislation based on your representative’s policy goals (refer to assignment #2 for ideas). Use any legislation you find as a guide, but know that you not not have include every single aspect of the legislation into your assignment. Your representative’s .gov website The library of Congress database – http://www.congress.gov (you can search by House member) Steps for Writing your Legislation Step 1 – Write a statement of purpose for the legislation you intend to propose. Some elements are common to all pieces of legislation. For example, every piece of legislation has a statement of purpose that can be found directly beneath its number. This statement of purpose explains what the bill is about. If you look at the sample legislation, you’ll notice these statements of purpose come immediately following the notation, “A bill to…” Step 2 – Give your legislation a title. In addition to a statement of purpose, most major legislation also includes a title—that is, a way of referring to the legislation. Sometimes these titles are simply descriptive (e.g., “Nuclear Threat Reduction Act”); other times, they can be catchy phrases or can be converted to easy-to-remember acronyms (e.g, “Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act or RICO). The title should begin “Section 1” after your statement of purpose. Below the title you need to include a brief paragraph telling everyone that you are introducing the bill. Additionally, you should include the committee you would like the bill to be referred to. Therefore, you need to review the committee descriptions to ensure you select the appropriate committee (found at the end of this document). It is generally a good idea to pick a policy issue covered by the committee you are assigned to. Step 3 – Draft as least one, but as many as are needed, statements of findings or “whereas” clauses for your legislation. Many pieces of legislation include a justification for the legislation. In this case, the justification comes in the form of a statement of findings, which comes after your title. You will need to present some justification for your legislation. Step 3 – Outline the major themes of your legislation. The remainder of the legislation should be focused on the substance of what it is you are trying to accomplish. As you write this section, you will need to separate your main ideas into major headings and include details about each of the subheadings. These details could include the appropriation of funds to support the legislation; they might specify to whom the legislation will apply (what part of the population?); and/or these details may simply clarify your major themes. Be as broad or specific as you feel is necessary to get your message across. Your major themes should be a part of section 3 in your legislation. Refer to the sample legislation to guide you through this process. Step 4 – Draft the approach sunrise and sunset provisions in your legislation. A sunrise provision sets a date for the legislation to take effect. A sunset provision sets a date—if you so desire—for the legislation to expire. All legislation includes some form of sunrise provisions. Your sunrise/sunset provisions should be a part of section 3 of your legislation. Sample Legislation **Here’s the link to the actual legislation introduced by Brad Sherman (D-CA) I used to create this sample: https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/4312?resultIndex=2 114th Congress 2nd Session H.R. XXXX A bill to amend the Iran Threat Reduction and Syrian Human Rights Act of 2012 to require the President to block and prohibit transactions in property and property interests of a foreign person that knowingly supports certain transactions with Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) or other sanctioned persons if that property and those property interests are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a U.S. person. Section 1. Title: Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps Sanctions Implementation and Review Act Mr. Sherman (for himself) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations and National Security. Section 2. Statements of Findings: (1) The IRGC has helped train and equip proxy groups and Iraqi Shiite insurgents, and elements of the Taliban, which have targeted and killed United States and other allied forces in Iraq and Afghanistan (2) The Government of Iran continues to engage in serious, systematic, and ongoing violations of human rights, including suppression of freedom of expression and religious freedom, illegitimate detention, torture, and executions, without affording anything resembling an adequate due process. (3) The IRGC plays a significant role in many of Iran’s human rights abuses. (4) Strengthening sanctions against the IRGC, ensuring that the United States Government identify and designate more of the affiliated entities through which the IRGC operates will help deprive the IRGC of resources needed to carry out its nefarious activities. Section 3. Major Themes: (1) Amend subsection (b) of section 302 of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syrian Human Rights Act of 2012 by adding, “the President shall block and prohibit all transactions in property and interests in property with respect to such foreign person if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United States person.” (2) The Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the President and the appropriate congressional committees a report identifying foreign persons not currently subject to sanctions under subsection (b) of section 302 who knowingly engaging in an activity described

Length: No more than two pages (following the format of the sample legislation) There are several different types of legislation. For this assignment you are writing a “public bill” for introduction into the House of Representatives. Public bills are items of legislation that affect the general welfare or address a general question. Therefore, you’re writing a potential policy that affects a wide range of the general public (or, at least, your constituents). Your public bill will be placed on the House Calendar. Again, there are several different types of legislative calendars depending on the type of legislation being debated. However, we are simplifying the process by using a single calendar for all bills. All bills will be introduced in the second session of the 114th Congress. You do not need to give your bill an “H.R. number.” Use the sample legislation as a formatting guide. Use the following websites to find legislation introduced by the representative you are playing, or create your own legislation based on your representative’s policy goals (refer to assignment #2 for ideas). Use any legislation you find as a guide, but know that you not not have include every single aspect of the legislation into your assignment. Your representative’s .gov website The library of Congress database – http://www.congress.gov (you can search by House member) Steps for Writing your Legislation Step 1 – Write a statement of purpose for the legislation you intend to propose. Some elements are common to all pieces of legislation. For example, every piece of legislation has a statement of purpose that can be found directly beneath its number. This statement of purpose explains what the bill is about. If you look at the sample legislation, you’ll notice these statements of purpose come immediately following the notation, “A bill to…” Step 2 – Give your legislation a title. In addition to a statement of purpose, most major legislation also includes a title—that is, a way of referring to the legislation. Sometimes these titles are simply descriptive (e.g., “Nuclear Threat Reduction Act”); other times, they can be catchy phrases or can be converted to easy-to-remember acronyms (e.g, “Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act or RICO). The title should begin “Section 1” after your statement of purpose. Below the title you need to include a brief paragraph telling everyone that you are introducing the bill. Additionally, you should include the committee you would like the bill to be referred to. Therefore, you need to review the committee descriptions to ensure you select the appropriate committee (found at the end of this document). It is generally a good idea to pick a policy issue covered by the committee you are assigned to. Step 3 – Draft as least one, but as many as are needed, statements of findings or “whereas” clauses for your legislation. Many pieces of legislation include a justification for the legislation. In this case, the justification comes in the form of a statement of findings, which comes after your title. You will need to present some justification for your legislation. Step 3 – Outline the major themes of your legislation. The remainder of the legislation should be focused on the substance of what it is you are trying to accomplish. As you write this section, you will need to separate your main ideas into major headings and include details about each of the subheadings. These details could include the appropriation of funds to support the legislation; they might specify to whom the legislation will apply (what part of the population?); and/or these details may simply clarify your major themes. Be as broad or specific as you feel is necessary to get your message across. Your major themes should be a part of section 3 in your legislation. Refer to the sample legislation to guide you through this process. Step 4 – Draft the approach sunrise and sunset provisions in your legislation. A sunrise provision sets a date for the legislation to take effect. A sunset provision sets a date—if you so desire—for the legislation to expire. All legislation includes some form of sunrise provisions. Your sunrise/sunset provisions should be a part of section 3 of your legislation. Sample Legislation **Here’s the link to the actual legislation introduced by Brad Sherman (D-CA) I used to create this sample: https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/4312?resultIndex=2 114th Congress 2nd Session H.R. XXXX A bill to amend the Iran Threat Reduction and Syrian Human Rights Act of 2012 to require the President to block and prohibit transactions in property and property interests of a foreign person that knowingly supports certain transactions with Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) or other sanctioned persons if that property and those property interests are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a U.S. person. Section 1. Title: Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps Sanctions Implementation and Review Act Mr. Sherman (for himself) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations and National Security. Section 2. Statements of Findings: (1) The IRGC has helped train and equip proxy groups and Iraqi Shiite insurgents, and elements of the Taliban, which have targeted and killed United States and other allied forces in Iraq and Afghanistan (2) The Government of Iran continues to engage in serious, systematic, and ongoing violations of human rights, including suppression of freedom of expression and religious freedom, illegitimate detention, torture, and executions, without affording anything resembling an adequate due process. (3) The IRGC plays a significant role in many of Iran’s human rights abuses. (4) Strengthening sanctions against the IRGC, ensuring that the United States Government identify and designate more of the affiliated entities through which the IRGC operates will help deprive the IRGC of resources needed to carry out its nefarious activities. Section 3. Major Themes: (1) Amend subsection (b) of section 302 of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syrian Human Rights Act of 2012 by adding, “the President shall block and prohibit all transactions in property and interests in property with respect to such foreign person if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United States person.” (2) The Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the President and the appropriate congressional committees a report identifying foreign persons not currently subject to sanctions under subsection (b) of section 302 who knowingly engaging in an activity described by the amended section. (3) If sufficient evidence to impose sanctions exists, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report containing the result of the review and impose all sanctions under subsection (b). (4) Sunrise provision – The amendment to subsection (b) shall take effect after the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. Committee Descriptions Infrastructure The Committee on Infrastructure will consider all legislation that deals specifically with transportation, national resources, and science and technology issues. These issues include, but are not limited to, agriculture, forestry, ecology, energy policy, environmental policy, emerging technologies, highways and public roads, bridges, railways, airline regulation, and air travel. International Relations and National Security The IR/NS Committee will consider all legislation dealing with bilateral or multilateral relationships between the U.S. and other countries. It will also consider any legislation dealing with international trade, global markets, espionage, diplomacy, drug trafficking and interdiction, the military, base closures, and immigration. Health, Education, and Welfare The Health, Education, and Welfare Committee will consider all legislation that deals with health, education, and welfare issues. These issues include, but are not limited to, health care policy, Medicare, Medicaid, pharmaceutical drugs, Social Security, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (and other poverty programs), education policy, teacher testing, national testing standards, and student loans. Economic Affairs The Economic Affairs Committee will review any piece of legislation that deals with interstate trade, labor issues, consumer protection and consumer affairs, securities and exchange (the stock market, antitrust, monopolies, etc.), work-incentive programs, or other economic issues. This committee will also take on the responsibility of the House Ways and Means Committee and will be responsible for reviewing legislation referred to it to determine its effects on the U.S. budget. Such legislation would include anything proposing a tax increase or tax cut. Government and Judiciary The Government and Judiciary Committee will deal with all internal matters relating to the workings or the conduct of the government, reforms of the House or other government entities, and rules for members of the legislative branch. Issue such as crime, drugs, abortion, and gun control would also fall under this committee’s jurisdiction. In addition, this committee will deal with any veterans’ issues.

Due: April 10th at 11:59 PM (on Moodle) Length: No more than two pages (following the format of the sample legislation) There are several different types of legislation. For this assignment you are writing a “public bill” for introduction into the House of Representatives. Public bills are items of legislation that affect the general welfare or address a general question. Therefore, you’re writing a potential policy that affects a wide range of the general public (or, at least, your constituents). Your public bill will be placed on the House Calendar. Again, there are several different types of legislative calendars depending on the type of legislation being debated. However, we are simplifying the process by using a single calendar for all bills. All bills will be introduced in the second session of the 114th Congress. You do not need to give your bill an “H.R. number.” Use the sample legislation as a formatting guide. Use the following websites to find legislation introduced by the representative you are playing, or create your own legislation based on your representative’s policy goals (refer to assignment #2 for ideas). Use any legislation you find as a guide, but know that you not not have include every single aspect of the legislation into your assignment. Your representative’s .gov website The library of Congress database – http://www.congress.gov (you can search by House member) Steps for Writing your Legislation Step 1 – Write a statement of purpose for the legislation you intend to propose. Some elements are common to all pieces of legislation. For example, every piece of legislation has a statement of purpose that can be found directly beneath its number. This statement of purpose explains what the bill is about. If you look at the sample legislation, you’ll notice these statements of purpose come immediately following the notation, “A bill to…” Step 2 – Give your legislation a title. In addition to a statement of purpose, most major legislation also includes a title—that is, a way of referring to the legislation. Sometimes these titles are simply descriptive (e.g., “Nuclear Threat Reduction Act”); other times, they can be catchy phrases or can be converted to easy-to-remember acronyms (e.g, “Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act or RICO). The title should begin “Section 1” after your statement of purpose. Below the title you need to include a brief paragraph telling everyone that you are introducing the bill. Additionally, you should include the committee you would like the bill to be referred to. Therefore, you need to review the committee descriptions to ensure you select the appropriate committee (found at the end of this document). It is generally a good idea to pick a policy issue covered by the committee you are assigned to. Step 3 – Draft as least one, but as many as are needed, statements of findings or “whereas” clauses for your legislation. Many pieces of legislation include a justification for the legislation. In this case, the justification comes in the form of a statement of findings, which comes after your title. You will need to present some justification for your legislation. Step 3 – Outline the major themes of your legislation. The remainder of the legislation should be focused on the substance of what it is you are trying to accomplish. As you write this section, you will need to separate your main ideas into major headings and include details about each of the subheadings. These details could include the appropriation of funds to support the legislation; they might specify to whom the legislation will apply (what part of the population?); and/or these details may simply clarify your major themes. Be as broad or specific as you feel is necessary to get your message across. Your major themes should be a part of section 3 in your legislation. Refer to the sample legislation to guide you through this process. Step 4 – Draft the approach sunrise and sunset provisions in your legislation. A sunrise provision sets a date for the legislation to take effect. A sunset provision sets a date—if you so desire—for the legislation to expire. All legislation includes some form of sunrise provisions. Your sunrise/sunset provisions should be a part of section 3 of your legislation. Sample Legislation **Here’s the link to the actual legislation introduced by Brad Sherman (D-CA) I used to create this sample: https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/4312?resultIndex=2 114th Congress 2nd Session H.R. XXXX A bill to amend the Iran Threat Reduction and Syrian Human Rights Act of 2012 to require the President to block and prohibit transactions in property and property interests of a foreign person that knowingly supports certain transactions with Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) or other sanctioned persons if that property and those property interests are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a U.S. person. Section 1. Title: Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps Sanctions Implementation and Review Act Mr. Sherman (for himself) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations and National Security. Section 2. Statements of Findings: (1) The IRGC has helped train and equip proxy groups and Iraqi Shiite insurgents, and elements of the Taliban, which have targeted and killed United States and other allied forces in Iraq and Afghanistan (2) The Government of Iran continues to engage in serious, systematic, and ongoing violations of human rights, including suppression of freedom of expression and religious freedom, illegitimate detention, torture, and executions, without affording anything resembling an adequate due process. (3) The IRGC plays a significant role in many of Iran’s human rights abuses. (4) Strengthening sanctions against the IRGC, ensuring that the United States Government identify and designate more of the affiliated entities through which the IRGC operates will help deprive the IRGC of resources needed to carry out its nefarious activities. Section 3. Major Themes: (1) Amend subsection (b) of section 302 of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syrian Human Rights Act of 2012 by adding, “the President shall block and prohibit all transactions in property and interests in property with respect to such foreign person if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United States person.” (2) The Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the President and the appropriate congressional committees a report identifying foreign persons not currently subject to sanctions under subsection (b) of section 302 who knowingly engaging in an activity described by the amended section. (3) If sufficient evidence to impose sanctions exists, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report containing the result of the review and impose all sanctions under subsection (b). (4) Sunrise provision – The amendment to subsection (b) shall take effect after the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. Committee Descriptions Infrastructure The Committee on Infrastructure will consider all legislation that deals specifically with transportation, national resources, and science and technology issues. These issues include, but are not limited to, agriculture, forestry, ecology, energy policy, environmental policy, emerging technologies, highways and public roads, bridges, railways, airline regulation, and air travel. International Relations and National Security The IR/NS Committee will consider all legislation dealing with bilateral or multilateral relationships between the U.S. and other countries. It will also consider any legislation dealing with international trade, global markets, espionage, diplomacy, drug trafficking and interdiction, the military, base closures, and immigration. Health, Education, and Welfare The Health, Education, and Welfare Committee will consider all legislation that deals with health, education, and welfare issues. These issues include, but are not limited to, health care policy, Medicare, Medicaid, pharmaceutical drugs, Social Security, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (and other poverty programs), education policy, teacher testing, national testing standards, and student loans. Economic Affairs The Economic Affairs Committee will review any piece of legislation that deals with interstate trade, labor issues, consumer protection and consumer affairs, securities and exchange (the stock market, antitrust, monopolies, etc.), work-incentive programs, or other economic issues. This committee will also take on the responsibility of the House Ways and Means Committee and will be responsible for reviewing legislation referred to it to determine its effects on the U.S. budget. Such legislation would include anything proposing a tax increase or tax cut. Government and Judiciary The Government and Judiciary Committee will deal with all internal matters relating to the workings or the conduct of the government, reforms of the House or other government entities, and rules for members of the legislative branch. Issue such as crime, drugs, abortion, and gun control would also fall under this committee’s jurisdiction. In addition, this committee will deal with any veterans’ issues.

 

 

Length: No more than two pages (following the format of the sample legislation) There are several different types of legislation. For this assignment you are writing a “public bill” for introduction into the House of Representatives. Public bills are items of legislation that affect the general welfare or address a general question. Therefore, you’re writing a potential policy that affects a wide range of the general public (or, at least, your constituents). Your public bill will be placed on the House Calendar. Again, there are several different types of legislative calendars depending on the type of legislation being debated. However, we are simplifying the process by using a single calendar for all bills. All bills will be introduced in the second session of the 114th Congress. You do not need to give your bill an “H.R. number.” Use the sample legislation as a formatting guide. Use the following websites to find legislation introduced by the representative you are playing, or create your own legislation based on your representative’s policy goals (refer to assignment #2 for ideas). Use any legislation you find as a guide, but know that you not not have include every single aspect of the legislation into your assignment. Your representative’s .gov website The library of Congress database – http://www.congress.gov (you can search by House member) Steps for Writing your Legislation Step 1 – Write a statement of purpose for the legislation you intend to propose. Some elements are common to all pieces of legislation. For example, every piece of legislation has a statement of purpose that can be found directly beneath its number. This statement of purpose explains what the bill is about. If you look at the sample legislation, you’ll notice these statements of purpose come immediately following the notation, “A bill to…” Step 2 – Give your legislation a title. In addition to a statement of purpose, most major legislation also includes a title—that is, a way of referring to the legislation. Sometimes these titles are simply descriptive (e.g., “Nuclear Threat Reduction Act”); other times, they can be catchy phrases or can be converted to easy-to-remember acronyms (e.g, “Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act or RICO). The title should begin “Section 1” after your statement of purpose. Below the title you need to include a brief paragraph telling everyone that you are introducing the bill. Additionally, you should include the committee you would like the bill to be referred to. Therefore, you need to review the committee descriptions to ensure you select the appropriate committee (found at the end of this document). It is generally a good idea to pick a policy issue covered by the committee you are assigned to. Step 3 – Draft as least one, but as many as are needed, statements of findings or “whereas” clauses for your legislation. Many pieces of legislation include a justification for the legislation. In this case, the justification comes in the form of a statement of findings, which comes after your title. You will need to present some justification for your legislation. Step 3 – Outline the major themes of your legislation. The remainder of the legislation should be focused on the substance of what it is you are trying to accomplish. As you write this section, you will need to separate your main ideas into major headings and include details about each of the subheadings. These details could include the appropriation of funds to support the legislation; they might specify to whom the legislation will apply (what part of the population?); and/or these details may simply clarify your major themes. Be as broad or specific as you feel is necessary to get your message across. Your major themes should be a part of section 3 in your legislation. Refer to the sample legislation to guide you through this process. Step 4 – Draft the approach sunrise and sunset provisions in your legislation. A sunrise provision sets a date for the legislation to take effect. A sunset provision sets a date—if you so desire—for the legislation to expire. All legislation includes some form of sunrise provisions. Your sunrise/sunset provisions should be a part of section 3 of your legislation. Sample Legislation **Here’s the link to the actual legislation introduced by Brad Sherman (D-CA) I used to create this sample: https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/4312?resultIndex=2 114th Congress 2nd Session H.R. XXXX A bill to amend the Iran Threat Reduction and Syrian Human Rights Act of 2012 to require the President to block and prohibit transactions in property and property interests of a foreign person that knowingly supports certain transactions with Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) or other sanctioned persons if that property and those property interests are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a U.S. person. Section 1. Title: Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps Sanctions Implementation and Review Act Mr. Sherman (for himself) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations and National Security. Section 2. Statements of Findings: (1) The IRGC has helped train and equip proxy groups and Iraqi Shiite insurgents, and elements of the Taliban, which have targeted and killed United States and other allied forces in Iraq and Afghanistan (2) The Government of Iran continues to engage in serious, systematic, and ongoing violations of human rights, including suppression of freedom of expression and religious freedom, illegitimate detention, torture, and executions, without affording anything resembling an adequate due process. (3) The IRGC plays a significant role in many of Iran’s human rights abuses. (4) Strengthening sanctions against the IRGC, ensuring that the United States Government identify and designate more of the affiliated entities through which the IRGC operates will help deprive the IRGC of resources needed to carry out its nefarious activities. Section 3. Major Themes: (1) Amend subsection (b) of section 302 of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syrian Human Rights Act of 2012 by adding, “the President shall block and prohibit all transactions in property and interests in property with respect to such foreign person if such property and interests in property are in the United States, come within the United States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United States person.” (2) The Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the President and the appropriate congressional committees a report identifying foreign persons not currently subject to sanctions under subsection (b) of section 302 who knowingly engaging in an activity described by the amended section. (3) If sufficient evidence to impose sanctions exists, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report containing the result of the review and impose all sanctions under subsection (b). (4) Sunrise provision – The amendment to subsection (b) shall take effect after the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. Committee Descriptions Infrastructure The Committee on Infrastructure will consider all legislation that deals specifically with transportation, national resources, and science and technology issues. These issues include, but are not limited to, agriculture, forestry, ecology, energy policy, environmental policy, emerging technologies, highways and public roads, bridges, railways, airline regulation, and air travel. International Relations and National Security The IR/NS Committee will consider all legislation dealing with bilateral or multilateral relationships between the U.S. and other countries. It will also consider any legislation dealing with international trade, global markets, espionage, diplomacy, drug trafficking and interdiction, the military, base closures, and immigration. Health, Education, and Welfare The Health, Education, and Welfare Committee will consider all legislation that deals with health, education, and welfare issues. These issues include, but are not limited to, health care policy, Medicare, Medicaid, pharmaceutical drugs, Social Security, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (and other poverty programs), education policy, teacher testing, national testing standards, and student loans. Economic Affairs The Economic Affairs Committee will review any piece of legislation that deals with interstate trade, labor issues, consumer protection and consumer affairs, securities and exchange (the stock market, antitrust, monopolies, etc.), work-incentive programs, or other economic issues. This committee will also take on the responsibility of the House Ways and Means Committee and will be responsible for reviewing legislation referred to it to determine its effects on the U.S. budget. Such legislation would include anything proposing a tax increase or tax cut. Government and Judiciary The Government and Judiciary Committee will deal with all internal matters relating to the workings or the conduct of the government, reforms of the House or other government entities, and rules for members of the legislative branch. Issue such as crime, drugs, abortion, and gun control would also fall under this committee’s jurisdiction. In addition, this committee will deal with any veterans’ issues.

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