GUIDELINES FOR THE PREPARATION OF PROJECT REPORT
The Arrangement of the Contents of the Project Paper
All project papers should be divided into appropriate sections. The onus is on the students to provide a well-organized and well-written work. The following ordered list of project paper contents is supposed to serve as a guide.
List of Sections
- Literature Review
- Research Design and Methodology
- Analysis and Interpretation of Data
- Conclusions, Observations and Recommendations
This is one of the most important components of the report. It should begin with a clear statement of what the project is about so that the nature and scope of the project can be understood by a lay reader. It should summarise everything you set out to achieve, provide a clear summary of the project’s background, relevance and main contributions. The introduction should set the context for the project and should provide the reader with a summary of the key things to look out for in the remainder of the report.
- Literature Review
It means some theoretical justifications for the project. This should include a literature references to support the process, validity, and value of your project. For example, if you are doing a project to introduce social entrepreneurship in the public, then this section would provide a literature review describing what is social entrepreneurship, what are different theories of it which have been described by other researchers in different articles or books and why social entrepreneurship is valuable to economic development and/or business creation in a country. Whatever you include it should have proper reference from the literature.
After the literature review you may also add company background; in which you are conducting the research. It can be any manufacturing or service company operating in UAE. It may include its business details like product and service information.
It means the procedures. This section should include a description of the major activities and activity timetable for data collection to complete the project. For example, either you will choose interview method for data collection or you will go for questionnaire survey. Following the social entrepreneurship example, this section would indicate the major activities such as number of contact employees in the selected company, sources of secondary data, approaches for the analysis of the collected data, etc.
This section should include the specific measurable outcomes. In other words, specify that what you have found out in this research. Provide all your results here in this section in more visible and tangible way. You may make graphs or tables to demonstrate your result findings. Along with your results you can also add your reflection (ideas) on these results with analytical approach.
In this section you have to wind up your research by briefly discussing the main objectives of the research and how you have met these objectives. But same time you have to write practical implications for the mangers. It means that you should suggest some new ideas to the manger to improve their relevant area in which you were conducting your research.
All the citations that you have made throughout your project must be referenced. So, please use APA style of referencing for it (download a separate attached instructions file for inserting reference in MS Word file from Blackboard).
General Format of Writing the Project Paper
The language of the project paper is English. Use short curt sentences. Be very careful to avoid spelling and grammatical errors.
- Font size and type
Candidates must use Times New Roman font. No other fonts are acceptable.
- For text use 12-point font.
- For tables and figures, use 10-point.
- For footnotes, 10-point.
- For title page 14-point
Please type in bold for headings and subheadings. Headings should be typed in all upper case letters while sub-headings are to be typed in upper and lower case letters.
- Font style
Only one font style (Times New Roman) may be used through the entire project report, including the title page, approval page, acknowledgment, table of contents, main body, bibliography and appendices.
Chapter headings are to be centered and written in bold, upper case letters. The font size for chapter headings is 16 point. Other sub-headings are to be aligned to the left margin and should be 14 point in font-size. Sub-headings should be in upper and lower-case. Underlining and boldface in the sub-headings is at the student’s discretion.
Spacing between two paragraphs in the basic text should be set at 4.0 spaces. The first sentence of a paragraph should be indented to 6 spaces. A heading that appears as a last line on a page will not be accepted. There should be a minimum of two lines of a paragraph at the bottom of the page under the heading.
- Line spacing
The project paper should be typed on one side of the page. The text should be double-spaced throughout, the project report.
- Margins and justification
Set the justification to “full” and the margins to the following measurements:
TOP : 1”
BOTTOM : 1.5”
LEFT : 1.5”
RIGHT : 1”