Monthly Archives: November, 2016


Need help-EE 777K: POWER SYSTEMS PROTECTION  Graduate Student(s):      Undergraduate Student(s):  Name and myWSU ID of group members:
Last Name First Name MyWSU ID
Objective:  As an engineer, you should be able to understand new technologies quickly and communicate the information to both technical and non-technical colleagues. As graduate students, you should have the skills to do RESEARCH on any topics. This research project should help you further develop these skills.
Expectation:  Select a topic related to CURRENT technologies in the wide area of power system protection. You can choose a topic from the given list or find a suitable topic. The report may be written about a technology itself or about applications of a technology. Selection of the topic is an important part of this assignment. Once you have decided on the topic you want to do an extended search in gathering information. You could use WSU library to browse electric power related publications (e.g. IEEE spectrum, IEEE Power Engineering Review, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, IEEE Trans. on Power System, IEEE trans. on Smart Grid, Electrical World, Transmission and Distribution, Power, and other magazines covering electric power issues). You are encouraged to use web search engines (e.g. google, wiki, ask, yahoo, etc.) and websites (,,, etc.). Confirm that your selection is current and relevant.    Get familiarized with the interlibrary loan facility at WSU library. This could be the ideal source for most current information if the full text is not available online. The process can take up to two weeks. You are presenting this to your client. They need specific information that will allow them to make a decision and then begin to develop applications of the technology.  They will not need history or fundamental engineering formulas. The history or fundamental engineering relationships formulas, etc. are NOT important.  Make sure your presentation conveys the vital information about the technology. Pictures can presents lots of words.
Group Members:  Graduate students may work in groups up to two; Undergraduate students may work in groups up to three.
Deadlines:  The schedule for the research report is as follows: Dec. 1st to Dec 8th, 2016  Presentation for research topic Dec. 13th, 2016:   Final report due.
Late submissions will NOT be accepted.
Plagiarism:  Paper should be written in your own words. Directly copying any information (text, figures, equations, etc.) from any source without attributing it to the source is considered as plagiarism. Any form of plagiarism will result in getting ‘0’ for the assignment.
Guidelines for paper:  Using Microsoft Word. Page limits: Min 4 pages; Max 8 pages.  Using IEEE guideline for preparations of papers is required. Using blackboard for submitting the assignment.
Guidelines for presentation:  Use Microsoft PowerPoint.  Each student/group will be given 10 minutes to present, 5 minutes of question time.
Declaration:  To receive a grade for this assignment you must sign on the following. Note that any form of plagiarism will result in student getting zero for the assignment.
We did not collaborate with anyone on this assignment but my group member and the instructor:
Name:   (1)___________________ (2)____________________ (3)_________________________
Signature: (1)___________________ (2)____________________ (3)_________________________

Need Help- Cross-hedging cannot hedge risk totally?

Need Help- Cross-hedging cannot hedge risk totally?

  1. When the hedger cannot find a specific contract for the underlying assets, they will use another related underlying assets contract. But I think the cross-hedging cannot hedge risk totally.
  2. I think sometime the hedger will still have risk when they use the cross-hedging. Even the two different assets are related, but the two assets still different. And there will have some unexpected reason make one assets price decrease, but another assets price not change.
  3. I think even the two different underlying assets are related, they still different. For example because the climate change make one specific fruit price change. But another fruit will not influenced by the climate. That means the cross-hedging will not working.
  4. For the research I will find two different underlying assets and those two underlying assets are related. And there should have specific price of the assets and option price. And I will find in two different situation, the first one is cross-hedging can hedge the risk the second one is cannot hedge. Comparing the two situations to prove the cross-hedging cannot hedge risk totally, and why cannot hedge risk totally.



Guideline for Developing (Implementing) a Research Idea for the Class Project

A research idea is a question that intrigues you and you would like to seek the answer to. While most research ideas are those that have not had conclusions on yet, for the purpose of this class project, the question you are looking into does not have to be extremely complicated and sophisticated. It can be any small topic you find interesting. It can be a statement that has been acknowledged by most people but you still would like to verify. When writing the research idea of your interest into part of the project report, you should specify the following terms and elaborate on them,

  1. Research question. Describe the question that intrigues you. Explain why you find it interesting.
  2. Your hypothesis. Describe what answer you are anticipating and explain why.
  3. Hypothesis development. You can use Google and Google Scholar ( ) to search for the conclusions and related statements made by the mass media and other scholars. Further your explanation to your hypothesis based on the evidence you collect.
  4. Design an applicable framework to verify your hypothesis and provide the details of the framework (data and statistic methodology).

If you opt to implement your research idea,

  1. Collect the data you are using
  2. Implement the framework you have designed in 4.
  3. Put your empirical results together and discuss it in the context of your hypothesis.

Here are some examples of the “small” research questions one may want to ask and look into,

  1. Would a call option and a put option with the same moneyness be equally expensive?
  2. Would the implied volatilities from a call and a put with the same underlying, strike, and maturity be the same?
  3. Can futures market always predict the underlying stock market?




Need Help-Art

­Need Help-Art

Length: 4-5 pages (1000-1250 words, double-spaced, 12-point type)

Choose one of the following broad thesis statements (which relate to class themes and readings), and at least three related artworks, and then do the following:


  • narrow the thesis down and refine it to make a more specific claim with regard to the artworks you have chosen
  • use the evidence from your research to support the thesis.


For many artists in the late 19th and earlier 20th centuries, an emphasis on the use of non-naturalistic colours was a key means for developing new modes of artistic expression. (Classes 2, 3. Suggested artists: Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse and the Fauves, Ernst Kirchner and other members of Die Brücke)


For the Cubist artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, jokes, puns, and visual games played an important role in their development of a groundbreaking new artistic style. (Class 4. Suggested artists: Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque)


(*This highlighted text is the topic that I have chosen for this assignment.)




1) Use the observations you made in the first written assignment – the Research Log Worksheet – as a jumping off point to write a carefully crafted and well-argued research paperon your selected topic.

2) Choose THREE artworks to focus on in your paper. The artworks may be by the same artist, or different artists.

3) Provide a figure number (i.e. Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc.) for any image you include in the paper, the first time you mention it. Put the figure number in brackets at the end of the sentence. Provide the figure number again if you compare this work to another work. At the end of the paper, include your illustrations, and identify each one with the appropriate figure number.


4) Your opening paragraph should include yourthesis statement,which will put forward the argument you are going to make about the artworks you are focusing on. The thesis statement is an important element and MUST BE INCLUDED in the opening paragraph. In other words, avoid generalizations at the start of your essay and focus on your thesis from the very beginning.


5) Support your thesisby comparing the three artworks you have chosen, and through additional research from AT LEAST FOUR scholarly sources (which can include the one you used for the first written assignment).


6) Your scholarly sources should consist of secondary sources (i.e. books by art historians, articles in scholarly journals by art historians), andprimary sources, if appropriate (i.e. writing by artists and/or critics from the period of the works you discuss).


7) Be sure to cite your sources thoroughly in order to avoid plagiarism, a very serious academic office. You are to follow the guidelines from the Chicago Manual of Style. For tips on how to cite your sources properly and avoid plagiarism, consult your course syllabus.


8) Provide a title page that includes the title of your essay. The title of the essay should relate to or signal your thesis.Also include your name, student number, and course information. Add page numbers to your research paper, but do not include the title page, or the pages with the image illustrations, in your page count.


(please turn over…)


__ Include colour illustrations of any works you discuss with your research paper (see #3 above for formatting instructions).

__ Submit your first written assignment with your research paper, so that we may refer back to this when marking the research paper – both assignments will be returned to you at the final exam. (Staple the two assignments together; place the research paper on top.)

__ Fill in and submit the Academic Integrity Checklist with your hard copy.

__ Submit a copy of your research paper to

Important note: your research paper WILL NOT BE MARKED until you have submitted the Academic Integrity Checklist to us, and submitted your research paper to

 Need Help-Art




Need help- ACC7001:Managerial Finance

  Need help- ACC7001:Managerial Finance



MODULE TITLE:                   Managerial Finance (1)

MODULE CODE:         ACC7001

ISSUE DATE:              10th Oct

HAND IN DATE:          11th Dec,  12.00 PM Midday

HAND BACK DATE:   13th Jan, Next Year

Learning outcomes and pass attainment level:


1.    Evaluate the financial performance of an organisation using financial and narrative information.
2.    Apply appropriate costing and budgeting techniques to assist in making management decisions.
3.    Evaluate investment projects using various appropriate techniques.






General guidance


The assessment for this unit is one coursework assignment. The required mark has been set at 50%.


This is an individual assessment. Whilst there is no objection to you discussing the content of this assignment with your peers, your final submission must be completely your own work. Plagiarism and copying will not be tolerated and may lead to subsequent penalties being imposed. This is an individual assignment and all calculations, analysis and narrative submitted must be your own work.


The assignment will require a considerable personal investment of time and effort.

Structure of the assignment


There are THREE separate questions included within the assignment and you should attempt all THREE questions. When determining the amount of effort and words for each section of the assignment it will be advisable to examine the weighting of the marks allocated to each question. If any part of the assignment is ignored then this reduces the maximum marks which could potentially be earned.


The word limit to any potential narrative question in the third section alone will be a maximum of 1,500 words excluding the cited references. There is no word limit to questions 1 and 2.

Submission of the assignment


All THREE questions must be attempted and submitted in one document. You are advised to prepare your assignment in Word format and copy and paste contents from Excel where spreadsheets have been used to support your work.


Your student ID number should be shown on each page of your assignment.


Your assignment should be submitted electronically via Moodle and you are advised to do this well in advance of the submission deadline to avoid any system related issues. Feedback on your assignment will also be provided via Moodle once the marking has been completed.



Marking of the assignment


The matrix on the following page has been provided to assist you in completing your assignment and is an indicative guide only, not a formal marking scheme.










Indicative marking guide









Question 1
A lack of breadth and depth of financial analysis techniques accompanied by incorrect formulae or calculation without appropriate explanation.

Poor layout or presentation in anything other than business report style. Inadequate grammar and lacking in overall knowledgeable synthesis.


Evidence of some financial analysis techniques but with errors of formulae and calculation with insufficient explanation and adequate presentation.

Attempt at a business report format with some supportive appendices. Mainly descriptive with some attempt at synthesis. Grammar and structure being adequate.

Wide range of financial analysis techniques evident and supported by full disclosure of formulae and accurate calculation in a clear format.

Presented in business report format and coherently structured. Supported by referenced appendices. Effective and well-reasoned narrative discussion.

An excellent range of financial analysis techniques which are supported by full disclosure of formulae and accurate calculation in a clear format.

Excellent business report format and well structured. Supported by fully referenced appendices. Excellent analytical and justified explanations showing synthesis and application.

Question 2
A lack of understanding of preparing cash budget and capital budgeting techniques is evident. Unable to correctly prepare cash budget and apply techniques of capital budgeting. Has limited or no narrative discussions.


Some understanding of preparing cash budget and capital budgeting techniques is evident. Partially correct cash budget and application of techniques of capital budgeting. Narrative analysis partially covers the requirements.


A good understanding of preparing cash budget and capital budgeting techniques is evident. Correct cash budget and A good application of techniques of capital budgeting in the given scenarios. Narrative analyses are adequate and explain the use of financial information for decision making.


Excellent understanding of preparing cash budget and capital budgeting techniques is evident. Cash budget and application of techniques of capital budgeting in the given scenarios are both correct and exceptionally well presented including workings. Narrative analyses are quite objective and well-written and explain in detail the use of financial information for decision making. .
Question 4
Failure to engage with the topic and lacking credible academic argument. No evidence of research other than internet sites of dubious quality. Poorly structured and partial coverage of the contents with weak grammar.


Partial engagement with the topic with some limited evidence of research. Some analysis of the two approaches provided. Grammar, structure and layout adequate. Identification and conclusion of arguments surrounding the topic with reference to credible academic citations that are fully referenced in a bibliography. Well-structured and coherent narrative employing above average grammar and evidencing significant student research.


Thoroughly developed arguments with well referenced credible academic sources. Well-structured and presented evidencing excellent grammar and extensive student research and analysis of the topic area.

Question 1

Alliance Pharma is a British Pharmaceutical firm. The company’s financial statements for the period 2011-2015 are presented below.


Prepare a business report for Alliance’s board of directors analysing the company’s financial performance between the periods 2011-2015. Your report should utilise key ratios, horizontal and vertical analysis and make reference to relevant developments within Alliance Plc.                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Total Marks (50)

Alliance Pharma
Income Statement
2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
£000s £000s £000s £000s £000s
Revenue 48,344 43,536 45,275 44,897 45,957
Cost of sales -19,614 -18,493 -17,944 -19,779 -21,469
Gross profit 28,730 25,043 27,331 25,118 24,488
Operating Expenses:
Admin & Marketing Exps -17,480 -12,510 -12,917 -11,856 -11,235
Amortisation of Intangible assets -199 -488 -422 -573 -735
Share-based employee remuneration -615 -571 -632 -369 -179
Share of joint venture profits 194 319 -48 0 0
Total operating expenses -18,100 -13,250 -14,019 -12,798 -12,149
Operating profit/loss excluding Exceptional items) 10,630 11,793 13,312 12,320 12,339
Exception Items 6,332 -622 0 0 0
Operating profit/loss 16,962 11,171 13,312 12,320 12,339
Finance cost -1,780 -1,014 -1,303 -1,511 -1,627
Profit before taxes 15,182 10,157 12,009 10,809 10,712
Taxation -2,490 -1,772 -2,425 -2,119 -2,076
Profit for the year 12,692 8,385 9,584 8,690 8,636




Alliance Pharma Plc
Balance Sheet
2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
£000s £000s £000s £000s £000s
Non-current assets
Intangible assets 259,945 88,875 87,111 79,890 66,130
Property, plant and equipment 1,013 396 592 564 765
Joint Venture investment 1,465 1,271 533 0 0
Joint Venture receivable 1,462 1,462 1,462 0 0
Deferred tax asset 418 194 0 0 0
Other non-current assets 122 0 443 0 0
Total non-current assets 264,425 92,198 90,141 80,454 66,895
Current assets
Inventories 12,910 5,914 5,468 5,393 5,652
Trade and other receivables 11,630 8,322 10,641 10,145 8,660
Cash and cash equivalents 3,229 1,434 687 4,634 1,079
Total current assets 27,769 15,670 16,796 20,172 15,391
Total assets 292,194 107,868 106,937 100,626 82,286
Ordinary share capital 4,682 2,641 2,641 2,430 2,401
Share premium account 108,308 29,388 29,380 25,297 24,866
Share option reserve 2,610 1,995 1,424 792 423
Reverse takeover reserve -329 -329 -329 -329 -329
Other reserve -98 -103 350 0 -4
Translation reserve 32 0 0 0 0
Retained earnings 47,237 37,188 31,202 23,658 16,771
Total equity 162,442 70,780 64,668 51,848 44,128
Non-current liabilities
Long term financial liabilities 58,968 19,235 20,881 20,225 15,225
Convertible debt 0 0 0 0 4,460
Other liabilities 1,496 0 0 20 40
Derivative financial instruments 120 129 0 0 0
Deferred tax liability 37,413 6,309 6,294 6,124 4,064
Provision for other liabilities 0 0 199 364 510
Total non-current liabilities 97,997 25,673 27,374 26,733 24,299
Current liabilities
Cash and cash equivalents 31 414 2,125 1 1
Financial liabilities 15,776 2,895 2,895 6,250 4,250
Convertible Debt 0 0 0 4,189 0
Corporation tax 2,075 959 1,154 1,322 1,046
Trade and other payables 13,873 6920 8,531 10,086 8,367
Derivative financial instruments 0 0 0 0 6
Provisions for other liabilities 0 227 190 197 189
Total current liabilities 31,755 11,415 14,895 22,045 13,859
Total liabilities 129,752 37,088 42,269 48,778 38,158
Total equity and liabilities 292,194 107,868 106,937 100,626 82,286
  2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Alliance Pharma 49.75 33.75 32.5 32.1 29.3
FTSE100 6960.6 6598.4 6430.1 5737.8 6069.9



Question 2


  1. a) Cash Budget

On December 1, 2016, Zipper Co. is attempting to project cash receipts and disbursements through January 31, 2017. On this latter date, a note will be payable in the amount of £50,000. This amount was borrowed in September to carry the company through the seasonal peak in November and December.

Selected general ledger balances on December 1 are as follows:

Cash                                      £ 44,000

Inventory                                  32,600

Accounts payable                                        £68,000

Sales terms call for a 3% discount if payment is made within the first 10 days of the month after sale, with the balance due by the end of the month after sale. Experience has shown that 50% of the billings will be collected within the discount period, 30% by the end of the month after purchase, and 14% in the following month. The remaining 6% will be uncollectible. There are no cash sales.

The average selling price of the company’s products is £50 per unit. Actual and projected sales are as follows:

October actual                                                                                  £ 140,000

November actual                                                                                 160,000

December estimated                                                                          165,000

January estimated                                                                              125,000

February estimated                                                                             120,000

Total estimated for year ending June 30, 2017                       £1,200,000

All purchases are payable within 15 days. Approximately 60% of the purchases in a month are paid that month, and the rest the following month. The average unit purchase cost is £40. Target ending inventories are 500 units plus 10% of the next month’s unit sales. Total budgeted marketing, distribution, and customer-service costs for the year are £300,000. Of this amount, £60,000 are considered fixed (and include depreciation of £15,000). The remainder varies with sales. Both fixed and variable marketing, distribution, and customer-service costs are paid as incurred.



Prepare a cash budget for December 2016 and January 2017. Supply supporting schedules (workings) for collections of receivables; payments for merchandise; and marketing, distribution, and customer-service costs.        (15 Marks)


  1. b) Capital Budgeting

John Cooper Plc. is an international clothing manufacturer. One of its manufacturing units in Milan, Italy will become idle on December 31, 2016. You have been asked to look at three options regarding the plant.

Option 1: The plant, which has been fully depreciated for tax purposes, can be sold immediately for €225,000.

Option 2: The plant can be leased to the Anderson Corporation, one of John Cooper’s suppliers, for four years. Under the lease terms, Anderson would pay John Cooper €55,000 rent per year (payable at year-end) and would grant John Cooper a €10,000 annual discount off the normal price of fabric purchased by John Cooper. (Assume that the discount is received at year-end for each of the four years.) Anderson would bear all of the plant’s ownership costs. John Cooper expects to sell this plant for €37,500 at the end of the four-year lease.

Option 3: The plant could be used for four years to make souvenir jackets for the Olympics. Fixed overhead costs (a cash outflow) before any equipment upgrades are estimated to be €5,000 annually for the four-year period. The jackets are expected to sell for €27.50 each. Variable cost per unit is expected to be €21.50. The following production and sales of jackets are expected: 2017, 9,000 units; 2018, 13,000 units; 2019, 15,000 units; 2020, 5,000 units. In order to manufacture the jackets, some of the plant equipment would need to be upgraded at an immediate cost of €40,000. The equipment would be depreciated using the straight-line depreciation method and zero terminal disposal value over the four years it would be in use. Because of the equipment upgrades, John Cooper could sell the plant for €67,500 at the end of four years. No change in working capital would be required.


John Cooper treats all cash flows as if they occur at the end of the year, and it uses an after-tax required rate of return of 10%. John Cooper is subject to a 35% tax rate on all income, including capital gains.



  1. Calculate net present value of each of the options and determine which option John Cooper should select using the NPV criterion. (10 Marks)
  2. Calculate the IRR for Option 3. Can the IRR of Option 2 be calculated? Explain. (2 Marks)
  3. What nonfinancial factors should John Cooper consider before making its choice?                     (3 Marks)                 Total Marks (30)



Question 3


Recent accounting scandals including Enron have been argued to be the result of rule based accounting. Companies, such as Enron, involved in accounting scandals have been claimed to have skilfully taken the advantage of the fine details of rule based accounting standards (US GAAPs) to manipulate accounting threshold for legal and illegal dealings (Ijiri, 2005).


There is now this debate that rules-based approach (such as the US GAAPs) should be abandoned in favour of a principle-based approach such as (IFRS).




Critically analyse both rules-based and principles-based approaches of financial accounting and reporting. Evaluate the merits and demerits of each approach and their implications for quality of accounting and financial reporting.  Total Marks (20)

Need Help-Corporate Governance

corporate governance
Paper type
27th Nov 2016 @ 16:50:53 PM
Paper format
Course level
Vip support: _
Subject Area
By Premium writer: _
# pages
7   ( or 1925 words Minimum)
Double Spacing


Details of what you are expected to do:

1.  Rationale

The aim of this assignment is to evaluate students’ understanding of critical issues which have an impact on accountability of a firm particularly with reference to the effect of compliance or non-compliance of corporate governance principles.  A secondary aim is to develop and assess students’ critical appreciation of how globalization impacts the accounting and auditing profession.

2.  The learning outcomes being assessed

ILO 4 will be assessed – The ability to appraise critically the role of accounting and auditing in the arena of corporate governance.

3.  Overview of assignment

Following the ‘Brexit’ referendum, the following blog appeared on the global website, Accounting Web:

“I hope we take back control of our accounting,” said Bournemouth University Professor Stella Fearnley. “Once we’re out of the EU, we won’t have to follow the directives if we don’t want to or comply to the letter with IFRS. So far the EU’s EFRAG committee has endorsed everything the IASB has done with almost no criticism.”

The UK has gone along with financial reporting and auditing decisions coming out of the EU – and the UK Financial Reporting Council (FRC) and BIS still hasn’t resolved the highly significant semantic differences with IFRS and UK company law such as the requirement for accounts to present a “true and fair” view and the definition of distributable profits.

“If we give ourselves the power to push back the IASB, it’s something other countries might follow.

“In the future if we want an Urgent Issues Task Force, we can have one and adapt IFRS to our own needs,” she said. “We can go with what the UK demands. It’ll give us more flexibility and we could call it ‘UK IFRS’ if we want.”

According to Fearnley, the big accounting firms were very enthusiastic about the global convergence project, partly because it would protect US standards-setters (and auditors) from the impact of the Enron scandal, and partly because those firms stood to make billions of dollars from IFRS adoption. “But the state boards and the Securities and Exchange Commission would never give up control of their accounting to a group like the IASB,” she said.

Based on the US model of stronger, more interventionist regulation, Fearnley would like to see the creation of an official UK Companies Commission to take over responsibility for reporting and auditing and investigation of misconduct from the FRC, which has recently been designated as a ‘single competent authority’ by the EU arising from its recent auditing directive.

“The FRC can only investigate UK-qualified accountants,” she said. “If a CFO is a South African accountant or MBA, they can’t go near them. And what about other managers or directors – who goes after them? We need an organisation that can call anyone to account and go in quickly and get on with investigating scandals in a more timely manner than the UK’s ridiculously fragmented system currently allows.”

Required –

With reference to the contents in the blog above, write a critical review of extant literature which covers the following requirements:

  1. Keeping in mind the sense of globalisation and the current Brexit status, critically analyse and discuss if it is reasonable for the UK to develop “UK IFRS” and the possible impact on the accounting and auditing profession.
  2. Critically evaluate corporate governance principles that should be addressed in the IASB to resolve the semantic differences and meet UK’s demand.
Word Count Guidance

The word count for this assignment is 2,000 words (you may split the word count in any way between the two questions mentioned above) and must be electronically submitted via Turnitin.

What is included in the word count?

·         Footnotes, except where these are used ONLY to give references to your sources. The use of footnotes to expand upon points you have made in the body of your report will count towards the word limit.

·         Appendices – except where these merely reproduce material from your sources / calculations / tables / graphs / diagrams

·         Any additional explanation of terms / glossaries etc. WILL count towards the word limit.

·         Any tables pasted as picture (.jpeg for example) will be reviewed by the marker and word count added to the main body of the text.

What does not count towards the word limit?

·         Appendices exceptions noted above.

·         Brief quotes – about 5 lines is the maximum acceptable for each quote, and you should not have more than 6 quotes in your essay.  You don’t need to include any at all if you don’t want to.  If you do use quotes, it is important that you have a good reason for including it – the quote must be properly introduced, appropriately referenced and you must make some comments on each one.

·         References and bibliography


How the word  limit will be enforced:

Up to 50 words above  the limit – no penalty

For each additional 50 words (or part thereof) beyond that, 1 mark will be deducted from whatever mark would have given in the absence of a penalty.

Thus for an essay with a limit of 1250 words, which is actually 1430 words, which has marked at 65% initially, a penalty of 3% would then be applied, bringing the mark down to 62%.

4.  Assessment criteria and weightings

This assignment is an individual assignment and accounts for 40% of your total mark.  Elements of this assignment are being assessed as Assurance of Learning in accordance with AACSB standards.

You will be assessed on the critical content you can bring forth in your answers. Critical discussion on a topic is often improved by the following –

  •  a clear and confident refusal to accept the conclusions of other writers without evaluating the arguments and evidence that they provide;
  • a balanced presentation of reasons why the conclusions of other writers may be accepted or may need to be treated with caution;
  • a clear presentation of your own evidence and argument, leading to your conclusion; and
  • a recognition of the limitations in your own evidence, argument, and conclusion.

The marking criteria have been clearly set out in a rubric appended to this assignment brief.


Disclaimer: The information provided in this assignment brief (version number: 1) is correct at time of publication.

In the unlikely event that any changes are deemed necessary, they will be communicated clearly via e-mail and/or myBU and a new version of this assignment brief will be circulated.

Appendix to Assignment Brief 2: Rubric


Aspects of the work



Fail( <50) Pass (50-59) Merit (60-69) Distinction (70-100)
Integration of Knowledge





Lacks demonstration and comprehension of key concepts and background of the assignment


To some extent understands and has applied some concepts to the assignment set. Also appreciates the background knowledge behind it



Mostly appreciate the background knowledge of the assignment.

For the most part, understands and has applied concepts relevant to the requirements

Thoroughly appreciates the background knowledge of the assignment and has integrated it with all the key concepts as well as own perspective
Content and Focus





Fails to address the task set or little focus on the set requirement


Lacks evidence or limited evidence of knowledge to the topic and/or significantly misuses terminology


Selection of theory/principle is not appropriate as some aspects have been misconstrued


Has addressed to some extent the main purpose of the assignment


Has given a factual and/or conceptual knowledge base and appropriate terminology


Most key theories/principles are included in the work in a good manner



Has addressed the purpose of the assignment and with some attempt to demonstrate imagination


Reasonable knowledge of topic and an awareness of a variety of ideas/contexts/frameworks


Insightful and appropriate selection of theory/concept/principle in key areas



Has addressed the main purpose of the assignment comprehensively and imaginatively


Comprehensive/detailed knowledge of topic with areas of specialisation is depth and awareness of provisional nature of knowledge


Demonstrates the integration and theory/concept/principle key for the assignment


Depth of Discussion/Analysis






No evidence of literature being consulted or presented but in an uncritically manner, in a purely descriptive way and indicates limitations of understanding


Lacks evidence of critical analysis and rationale for work


Clear evidence and application of readings relevant to the subject; uses indicative texts identified


Demonstrate application of theory and concepts through critical analysis of the assignment set

Can analyse and apply major theories to some extent and compare alternative ideas


Able to critically appraise the literature and theory gained from variety of sources, developing own ideas in the process


Clear application of theory through critical analysis and discussion

Can analyse information and using a wide range of theories, principles and techniques


Has developed and justified using own ideas based on a wide range of sources which have been thoroughly analysed, applied and discussed


Consistently demonstrates application of critical analysis well integrated in the whole work







Does not piece together information and lacks flow which appeared to be created from disparate issues. No headings to link concepts where necessary Sometimes ties together information from some sources. Ideas flow to some extent though mostly disjointed For the most parts, ties together information from all sources. Ideas flow mostly across with some few disjointedness Ties together information from all sources and also flows from one issue to another to the extent that headings may not be needed
Clarity of Expression






Meaning unclear, language not fluent, grammar and/or spellings contain frequent errors Language quite fluent; grammar and spelling somehow accurate Language mainly fluent; grammar and spelling mainly accurate Fluent writing style appropriate to document; grammar and spelling accurate
Presentation and Communication






Communication is unstructured and unfocused and/or in a format inappropriate to the assignment


Little attempt to organise work in a logical manner

Can communicate effectively to some extent in an appropriate format and report procedures follow a clear and concise manner with all relevant information


Shows organisation and some level of logical presentation

Can communicate effectively in a format appropriate to the discipline and report procedures in a clear and concise manner mostly with all relevant information in a variety of formats


Carefully and logically organised

Can engage effectively in debate/discussion in a professional manner and produce detailed and coherent essays/reports


Shows a polished and imaginative approach in presentation








Limited evidence or invalid conclusions of findings supported by literature Some evidence of findings and conclusions grounded in literature Good development shown in summary of arguments based in literature/theory for most findings and evidence Analytical and clear conclusions well-grounded in theory and literature showing development of new concepts in addition to findings and evidence






Referencing is absent or missing Some attempt at referencing, poor consistency Referencing is mainly accurate, few omissions Referencing is consistently accurate and presented well


Unique Entry Essay:Custom-made Entry Essays

Unique Entry Essay

Custom-made Entry Essays

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Help needed-Case 18. Worldwide Paper Company

Help needed-Case 18. Worldwide Paper Company

Case 18. Worldwide Paper Company


  1. What is the nature of the investment that is under consideration and what are the sources of value?
  2. What are the yearly cash flows that are relevant for this investment decision? Complete the worksheet named “CFs_Base Case” in the Excel file “Case_18 Worldwide Paper template.xls.” Do not forget the effect of taxes and the initial investment amount.
  3. What discount rate should Worldwide Paper Company (WPC) use to analyze those cash flows? Complete the worksheet named “Cost of Capital” in the Excel file “Case_18 Worldwide Paper template.xls.” Be prepared to justify your recommended rate and the assumptions that you used to estimate it.
  4. What is the net present value (NPV) and internal rate of return (IRR) for the investment? How do you interpret these numbers?
  5. What changes would you make to the base case numbers if an inflation rate of 2% is to be included in the cash flow projection? Complete the worksheet named “CFs_Adjusted for Inflation” in the same Excel file. Should the inflation effect have been considered as part of the base-case analysis?



A hard copy of the assignment should be handed in at the beginning of class. Homework should be typed, while graphs can be drawn by hand. Handwritten work will be accepted if it is extremely neat and legible. If I can’t read it, it will not be graded!

Note: Briefly means 1-2 sentences. Working together is good, but write your own version (in your own words!).

  1. We want to study what happens to GDP and prices as an economy is hit by a shock. For each question, mark clearly the axis, the curves, and the equilibria.


  • Draw the aggregate demand curve and the short and long run supply curves for a country in one diagram. Assume that the country starts out in long-run equilibrium.


  • The economy is hit by a negative demand shock. Illustrate the shift(s) in your diagram. Mark clearly the price level and output in the new equilibrium as P2, Y2.


  • What could have caused the negative demand shock? List at least 2 events.


  • After the negative demand shock, while the economy is in Y2, what is the unemployment rate like compared to full employment?


  • What will happen over time in this economy if it is left to itself, with no intervention from economic policy? Illustrate how curve(s) will shift, and explain briefly (Max 2 sentences). Mark clearly the new long-run equilibrium levels of output as Y3 and the price level P3.


  • Assume instead that the government decides to use fiscal policy to revert the economy to long-run equilibrium because they are concerned about the situation. The government decides to increase spending by $220 mill. The government estimated that MPC = 0.55. Which curve will shift, and by how much? Illustrate the shift in your graph.


  1. Go to On the right hand side, you will find various new data.
  • What was the real GDP growth in the 3rd quarter (Q3)?
  • Follow the link to the press release: What was the real GDP growth rate in the 2nd quarter?
  • You can see in the graph with real GDP growth rates that real GDP growth rate varies a lot by quarter, but what are some reasons that real GDP has on average a clear positive growth rate over time? (i.e. what are some of the factors that explain trend growth in real GDP over time?)
  • What was the exact timing of the press release? (On top of the release)

Need help-Microeconomics Assignment

Need help-Microeconomics Assignment

Question #1

Suppose you spend your daily income ($100) into two goods: foods and other goods (composite goods), and suppose your preference over these two goods are represented by the following utility function: , where α is a constant number.

Let’s denote foods as x1 (horizontal axis) and other composite goods as x2 (vertical axis).

If foods price is $5 per unit,

  1. Find the optimum consumption bundle (for both goods as a function of α) (3 points)
  2. Find the range for α that could result in interior optimum solution for this problem. (2 points)
  3. Give an example number for α that could result in corner optimum solutions and write down the utility function. (1 point)


Question #2

In this question you are asked to create a utility function and to find the optimum consumption bundle.

  1. Find an example of two perfect complement goods (please do not use the examples we used in the lectures, quizzes, and exams). Try to find your own unique example. (2 points)
  2. Assign a number to the ratio of the two complement goods (for example, when ratio is 1 for tea and sugar, one pack of sugar is used together with one cup of tea), and also assign numbers to the prices of the two goods. (1 point)
  3. Suppose the total budget to be spent for these two goods is $I. Find the optimum consumption basket. (3 points)
  4. Change price of any of the two goods by 10 percent. To consume the same amount of the two goods as before how the other price must change (assuming no change in the income)? (3 points)






Question #3

Use the utility function from the following Cobb-Douglas utility functions:


  1. Assign numbers for Px and Py and total income. (For example, Px=$5, Py=$1, I=100, etc.) (1 point)
  2. Change (increase or decrease) Px by any amount, and find the substitution and income effects of the price change on the consumption of good X. (4 points)



Need help-Assignment

Need help-Assignment

Assignment Instructions

Assignment 1 Requirements


For this and other assignments you will be working on the analysis and design specifications and models of a continuous case study. For this assignment, you will focus on the requirements for the Community Patient Portal System (CPPS) case study.  In a Word document complete Questions 1, 2, 3, 4 for Community Patient Portal System (CPPS) Part requirements.  Read the Community Patient Portal System (CPPS) Part 1 case study.

  1. List and define the stakeholders for CPPS? How involved should CPO’s patients in the system definition?  As the business grows, who else might be potential stakeholders and interested in system functions?  When you define something, use the phrase “A(n) itemtobedefined” is a …”  and then complete the sentence.
  2. List and describe the specificanalysis techniques would you use to determine the requirements if you were hired to design and implement this system?  What questions would you need answered?  Make a list.
  3. What technology and communication requirements would be necessary?  What kind of computer equipment/hardware would be necessary?  What are your recommendations?
  4.  Number, list, and describe the primary functional requirements for the system?  Number, list, and describe the primary nonfunctional requirements?


Submission Instructions

  1. Submit your Word file and name it like LastNameFirstNameAssignment1.
  2. Make certain that you include the above numbered questions with the answers in your document.
  3. Include your name and assignment number at the top of your Word document.
  4. Insert any graphics into your Word document.  Do not submit any graphics separately.


Your assignment will be graded with the following rubric:


Rubric for Assignments Points
Content & Development 50% 50/50
Organization 20% 20/20
Format 10% 10/10
Grammar, Punctuation, & Spelling 15% 15/15
Readability & Style 5% 5/5
Timeliness (late deduction 10 points) Optional
Total 100/100



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