|Developmental Focus: Literacy
Nested Skills: Social and Emotional Development
Age: Preschool (4-5)
Length of Lesson: Approximately 45 Minutes each day for one week
After reading this story, the children will be able to identify things that make bread, who makes the bread and how do they get bread to the stores and people. Each child will then have a role in running their own bakery while learning about responsibility, working together and positive end results. Goals include children learning what bread is made from, how to measure ingredients to make bread and how to count product and money.
Standards Included: http://www.tn.gov/education/article/early-learning-development-standards
The Little Red Hen by Jean Horton Berg
Baking tools including mixing bowls of varying sizes, measuring spoons and cups, baking sheets, bread loaf pans and big wooden spoons.
Also needed, flour packaging, sugar packaging, salt packaging, wheat, butter container, milk containers, aprons, chef hats, tablecloths, and napkins
Educator has introduced the book to the children twice within the week and has placed items directly related to the story throughout the classroom. (i.e. Little Red Hen Math Grids in the Manipulatives Center, Wheat Stalks in the Sensory Center, Flour and Seeds in the S.T.E.M Center…) Educator will encourage discussion with the children concerning how the other animals can help the hen and ask open-ended questions about who loves bread and what types of bread they have tried.
Lesson Development: The book, “The Little Red Hen” will be read twice in the week. After the book is read the first time, we will discuss the ingredients the hen used to make the bread, if the dog, cat and duck could have helped the hen and what was the end result of them not helping the hen. After reading the book the second time, real wheat seeds, wheat stalks, flour, milk and water will be introduced to the children. The children will have the opportunity to see how all of the different ingredients blend together to make bread and what a person who bakes bread is called.
In creating the bakery in the dramatic play area, Maya and Jack will be responsible for gathering the ingredients for the bread and making it. Kayla will create the menu cards and pricing in the design of her choosing. Johnny will decorate the tables for the bakery with tablecloth, vase, flowers and napkins he chooses. Jane will be the cashier and responsible for collecting the money from the customers and swiping credit cards. Caleb is the salesman and will be responsible for welcoming people into the bakery. Children will be encouraged to help each other and switch roles when they feel like they need to.
Children will engage socially with their other classmates in running their bakery and also with children in the classroom who are working in other discovery centers. The other children in the classroom will also have opportunities to engage in activities that relate back to the story by also verbally interacting with each other, analyzing items that create bread, count out ingredients for bread and feel the texture of those ingredients. Informal observation will be conducted during play time.
Management and Guidance:
Educator will encourage and praise children for working together and switching out “job” positions when the children feel they need to. Because the children took ownership of their bakery, they were reminded the bakery is theirs and they are responsibility for the positive end results. Children have learned that responsibility is unique to them and it always positive to work together to get something done.