Monthly Archives: September, 2018

Clorox’s financial information


Clorox’s financial information

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Problem

  1. Determine the cost of capital for CORPSTRAT’s client to enter the household products market to decide if entry would be worthwhile.
  2. Previous analysis of Proctor and Gamble was not an accurate representation of a new entry due to its market share in the industry as well as the financing strategy.  Clorox was used as a proxy, reflecting a company with smaller market capitalization.

 

Recommended Course of Action

  • Use Clorox’s financial information to determine client’s WACC.  Proctor & Gamble was not a suitable comparison because its larger market capitalization, $21.4 billion vs Clorox’s $2.2 billion.

 

  • Based upon CAPM model, derived return on equity of 13.87% using the following calculations:
    • Risk free rate – 8.47%, return of 10 year bond because project is long term.
    • Beta of equity – .9998, regression of  five years of Clorox returns.
    • Risk free premium – 5.4%, geometric mean of the premium derived from Common Stocks – Bonds from 1926-1988.

 

  • After achieving the return on equity, used the following calculations for the adjusted WACC of 12.91%:
    • Cost of debt – 8.22%, 3 month commercial paper, since firm was looking at short term bank loans to finance project.
    • Leverage ratio – .114, based upon total debt (from commercial paper and long term debt)/sum of total debt and stockholder’s equity.
    • Corporate tax rate – 34%

 

  • Return on equity using the accounting method, of net income/shareholder’s equity yielded 15.79%.

 

  • Opted not to use the dividend growth model because of Clorox’s small market capitalization of $2.2 billion.  The model would require a constant growth rate and the average growth rate from the previous eight years of 28.42% would not be sustainable and continued growth would be inconsistent until Clorox attained larger market capitalization .  Using dividend growth model, assuming 2% constant growth, return on equity was 14.4%.

 

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Unique Service Proposition for Chattanooga Lookouts company


Unique Service Proposition for Chattanooga Lookouts company

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Identify your Unique Service proposition

  1. List what you know about your audience
  2. List the needs you can meet
  3. List major industry and competitor insights
  4. List what you’re Best at and narrow further
  5. Interview your target market to find out their needs

 

Develop a Unique Service Proposition for Chattanooga Lookouts company (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattanooga_Lookouts).   You may omit the interview section.

Please provide at least three points of data for each of the other sections. This may be completed in the form of a bullet- pointed list. Please cite your sources.

 

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Finc 331 Group Project


Finc 331 Group Project

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Finc 331 Group Project

Project Descriptions

Group Term Paper

Group Term Paper

Write a 8-10 page research paper on the selected companies below.  The 8-10 pages do not include the title page, graphs or references. The paper must include an introduction or abstract and a summary conclusion. 

OPTION:  Your group may select any two companies, who are competitors in the same industry.  Please let me know in advance if you wish to select different companies than what is offered below.

Company Examples:

  • Coke and Pepsi
  • Home Depot and Lowe’s
  • Costco and Sam’s Club
  • Giant and Albertson’s
  • CVS and Walgreens
  • Regal and AMC
  • HP and IBM
  • (Any two public companies in the same industry)

Instructors have the option to make this either an individual or group project assignment.

 

Project Assignment Using Coke and Pepsi as an Example:

Long time competitors in the soft drink industry, PepsiCo and Coca-Cola continue efforts to gain additional market share. Which do you prefer, Coke or Pepsi? Let’s take a look at these two companies from a financial perspective rather than our drink preference.

To learn more about PepsiCo and Coca-Cola Enterprises, download the latest PepsiCo  2014 Annual Report at: https://www.pepsico.com/docs/album/default-document-library/pepsico-2014-annual-report_final.pdf and the Coca-Cola  2014 Annual Report at http://ir.cokecce.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=117435&p=irol-reportsannual:. Review the annual reports for general information.

Required:

  1. Read -Understanding the Income Statement at: http://www.investopedia.com/articles/04/022504.asp
  2. Read -Reading the Balance Sheet at: http://www.investopedia.com/articles/04/031004.asp
  3. Compute- the following financial ratios for both companies and provide as an appendix to the required paper. If you need help understanding the meaning of the ratios or how to they are computed, go to: http://www.investopedia.com/university/ratios/

Liquidity measurement ratio: · Current ratio

Profitability indicator ratios:· Return on assets · Return on equity

Debt ratio: · Debt ratio

Operating performance ratio: · Fixed asset turnover ratio

Cash flow indicator ratio: · Dividend payout ratio

Investment valuation ratio: · Price / Earnings ratio

For each company and comparing the two, you are to write a eight to ten (8-10) page report that answers the following:

  1. Provide a short background on each company, the industry and the market (growing, declining, etc?) in which they operate. (This should be no more than 1- 1.5 pages for both companies in total and can be a part of your introduction.)
  2. Using the current ratio and debt ratios, discuss what conclusions you can make about each company’s ability to pay current liabilities (debt). Support your conclusions. Which company is doing better, why or why not?
  3. Using the profitability and operating performance ratios, discuss what conclusions you can make about each company’s profits over the past three years. Support your conclusions. Which company is doing better, why or why not?
  4. Using the cash flow indicator and investment valuation ratios, discuss which company is more likely to have satisfied stockholders. Support your conclusions. Which company is doing better, why or why not?
  5. As an investor, discuss which company you would choose to invest in and provide a rationale for your decision. Support your conclusions, why or why not?
  6. After concluding your research about each company and reviewing their annual report, Discuss what non-financial criteria you would consider when choosing between these two investment options? Support your conclusions, why or why not?

The format of the report indicated below in “More on the Grading Criteria”.

NOTE: You will be graded on the quality of your answers, the logic/organization of the report, your language skills, and your writing skills.

 

Paper Grading Rubric

Criterion Poor

 (Below 70)

    Fair (70-79)    Good (80-89) Excellent (90-100)
Comprehension

30%

No understanding of the problem. Little understanding of problem. Considerable understanding of the problem.  All requirements of assignment are included. Complete understanding of the problems.  All requirements are included in response.
Organization and Structure

15%

Information unorganized and not effectively structured.  Poor grammar.  Little or no evidence of preparation. Information is somewhat organized.  Minimal or superficial preparation. Information is well organized.  Adequate and reflective approach in preparation. Information is logically and creatively organized.  Highly developed approach in preparation.
Peer Review

20%

Did not participated in the developing the research paper and selected topics Somewhat participated in the developing the research paper and selected topics Was an active participant in developing the paper, doing the deep research and working with peer members to drive completion of a well researched paper. Led and drove the discussion, the coordination, the research for the paper and helped motivate other members of the group meet their deadlines.
Content

35%

Information is missing or inaccurate.  No insight is provided by the student.

 

Content is not comprehensive.  Opinions are not well supported. Content is accurate and opinions are stated and somewhat supported. Content is accurate and shows acute insight.

More on the GRADING CRITERIA

 

In addition to the grading rubric note above, the following is important information about this assignment:

 

  1. WRITING QUALITY: Grammar, Verb Tenses, Pronoun Use, Spelling, Punctuation, and Writing Competency.

    Remember: spell-check; then proof read. Better yet, have a friend or colleague read your completed document before submitting it for grading. When I have to submit a paper, I print it and then read it out loud to myself. It is amazing the number of errors discovered when I do this because there is simply no way we can catch all of the mistakes when we are trying to read from a computer screen. Also, when we read it out loud, we can also hear how well or how poorly it “reads” to another person. It should sound like a professional report, not like a casual conversation.

    I have a few hang-ups about the following errors and you will be marked down for them: there is not their, your is not you’re, its (possessive) is not it’s (it is), too is not to or two, cite is not site or sight, and who should be used after an individual, not that. For example, “the person WHO made the speech” not “the person THAT made the speech.”

 

Also, in a professional paper, one does not use contractions (doesn’t, don’t, etc.) and one does not use the personal you or your. Therefore, use the impersonal as I have done in the sentence immediately above. It is more business-professional than saying, “Also in a professional paper you don’t use contractions.”

  1. REFERENCES

    Part of the requirements for this research assignment is that you include a list of references used for your research. A minimum of three (3) sources must be included in this list of which a minimum of two (2) of these sources must come from the Online Library databases, other University research libraries and/or material included in this course.  (EXCLUDING Wikipedia & the text book as references.  These may be used after meeting the minimum # of references.)

 

The sources in your reference list must be written using APA formatting. There is a link to APA Tutorial in the “Course Content” area of our classroom. It is highly recommended you refer to this source as you prepare your research document.

 

  1. WORD PROCESSING

    Use Microsoft Word – any version or Openoffice Word processing (it’s free). If you do not have either, contact me ASAP! If you send me a Microsoft Works document I will not be able to open it and I will return it ungraded! If you do not have Microsoft Word or Openoffice work processing, you can save your paper as a “rich text file” (.rtf) or pdf file.

    I do not like to appear to be so strict about this; however, every term there is at least one student who does not read these instructions carefully and sends me an assignment that I cannot open.

    Use 1″ margins top, bottom, left and right sides.

    Use Times New Roman, font size 12.

    Use double spacing.

    Important Note: For ease of reading, your document must contain appropriate headings and subheadings. Headings and sub-headings are a requirement of this research assignment. Headings and subheadings should be placed at the left margin. The use of headings and subheadings are a terrific way to help you organize your research paper.

 

NOTE:  The MS Word spelling and grammar checker is NOT an effective tool for finding spelling, punctuation and grammar errors. You can expect to lose a significant number of points if your document contains numerous spelling, punctuation and grammar errors. This information can also be found as  “Term Paper Topics & Grading Rubric” found in the “Course Content” area of our classroom.

4. COVER PAGE

A cover page must be the first page of your document, not a separate attachment! In the center of the page, in this order, double-spaced, include the following information:

Your Name

FINC 331

 

Title of the Research Paper

Date

Nothing else needs to be added to the cover page.

 

  1. REFERENCE LIST

A reference list must be included as the last page of your document. This list must comply with APA formatting requirements.

  1. PEER EVALUATION FORM-  Completed by each member of the Group.

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Speech


Speech

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Goal-Setting Paper–10 pts.—Due this Wednesday, 9/26/11:59 pm by 11:59 pm (Upload and submit to canvas as a Word Attachment)

Procedure

  1. Reflect on your Speech 1 performance.
  2. Write your Goal-Setting paper (Type at least half a page to a page double-spaced) by answering the questions below.

 

Purpose

This short paper provides you an opportunity to reflect on your first speech experience and establish goals for the rest of the semester. Your Self-Reflection paper (due after the last speech) will be based on the goals you list for Section III of this Goal-Setting paper; therefore, the more detailed your goals, the easier it will be for you to write the Self-Reflection paper. There are three sections to this paper; please answer each question (see below). You will be graded on your ability to provide a thorough and insightful analysis of your overall experience.

 

Section I: Reaction to the Experience

Q1: What surprised you or did not surprise you about your first speech experience in this class?

Q2: Why did this surprise you or not surprise you?  In other words, what were you

expecting?

Q3: What was your self talk (Intrapersonal Communication) do you remember what

you said to yourself before, during and after the speech.

What have you done in  the past to deal with anxiety? Have you used  positive self talk (Affirmations) before?

 

Section II: Strengths

Q1: What three things do you think worked well for you in this speech?

Q2: Why do you think these things worked well for you?

 

Section III: Goals

Write a goal you want to achieve by the end of the semester for each specific area listed below, and explain why you want to achieve it:

  • Organization
  • Delivery
  • Content
  • Open (set any speech-related goal for yourself)

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ACCT20074 Contemporary Accounting Theory


Major assignment – Research report

ACCT20074 Contemporary Accounting Theory

Key information

Unit code and title ACCT20074 Contemporary Accounting Theory
Assessment mode Research report
Assessment type Individual assessment
Word limit 3000 words (Approximate)
Total marks 100
Assessment weighting 50%

 

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Background

The Australian Council of Superannuation Investors (ACSI) found there was an improvement in the extent of sustainability reporting over the last twelve months with 41 companies (21% of the ASX200) now disclosing their green-house gas (GHG) emission and publishing a climate-related policy. The report identified evidence of an ‘emerging trend’ towards ASX200 companies adopting international reporting frameworks. For example, since the final version of the Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosure (TCFD) framework was released in June 2017, 22 companies have either committed to reporting, or have published the analysis recommended by the Taskforce. The report suggests there is a link between strong reporting and community trust: “Good quality reporting enables shareholders to make informed investment decisions and the community to judge whether its confidence in companies is well-placed or misplaced. Poor or missing information shows a disregard for stakeholders’ needs and is a signal of risk” ACSI Louise Davidson Said.

Source: ACSI research reports 2018

 

 

Assignment description

This assignment requires you to undertake research in corporate social/sustainability (CSR) reporting practice of a company listed on Austrian Stock Exchange (ASX). You will use a recent CSR information of the company and conduct an in-depth examination of its CSR reporting practice to answer the assignment questions. You have been assigned a company for this purpose. You will research for CSR information using various sources, including but not limited to, recent annual reports and/or corporate sustainability reports (2015 or later), announcements, CSR policies and strategies disclosed in its website or other publicly available information domain.

 

 

 

Assignment questions

 

Question 1

Provide a descriptive analysis of company’s CSR disclosure and reporting practice.

 

Question 2

Present a comparative analysis of the company’s reporting practice and CSR reporting guidelines (i.e. Global Initiative Reporting).

 

Question 3

Critically analyse the company’s CSR reporting motivation and practice using the concept of legitimacy and stakeholder theories.

 

Question 4

Prepare a report comprehensively summarising your research findings from answers to questions 1 – 3 above.

 

 

Structure and presentation

Structure

  • Cover (title) page (not included in the word count)
  • Executive summary/synopsis
  • Table of contents (if applicable)
  • Introduction
  • The answers for 4 assignment questions
    • Question 1
    • Question 2
    • Question 3
    • Question 4

 

  • Conclusion
  • References – APA referencing style (not included in the word count)
  • Appendices (if applicable – not included in the word count)

 

Presentation

  • 5-line spacing
  • Times New Roman 12-point font
  • 00 cm margins on all sides
  • Clearly label section and subsection where appropriate

 

Submission requirements

  • You must submit your assessment in the form of a single report strictly adhering to the structure and presentation outlined above.
  • You must submit the assignment before the due date.
  • Your assignment will be subject to ‘turn it in’ similar check for possible case of plagiarism. In addition, your assignment will also be strictly scrutinised for possible contract cheating/ghost writing (i.e. getting someone else to write for you).
  • It is important that you proof read and recheck your assignment carefully and thoroughly before submitting.

 

Citation and referencing

This is research assignment. It is important that you conduct a research and gather the company’s CSR disclosure and reporting related information from various sources. In addition, you will use relevant literature to support (or otherwise) your arguments or counter arguments. Each source you have used must be appropriately cited and referenced using the APA referencing style.

 

Assessment criteria

This assignment will be marked using the following criteria.

  • Descriptive analysis of CSR reporting – 25%
  • Comparative analysis of reporting practice and CSR reporting guidelines (e.g. GRI) – 25%
  • Critical evaluation of CSR reporting using the concept of legitimacy/stakeholder theories – 25%
  • Presentation of summary findings – 15%
  • Quality of reports (e.g. writing and presentation) – 10%

Warning: While no marks have been allocated for correctly and appropriately citing and referencing using the APA referencing style, failure to do so will attract penalties up to 5 marks. Please check your citation and referencing carefully using the APA referencing guide before submitting.

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ASIAN/RELSTY 271L: RELIGION AND THE ARTS


ASIAN/RELSTY 271L: RELIGION AND THE ARTS

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PROF
READING RESPONSE PAPER – 2 (RRP2)
Answer the following question in 750 words:
David Morgan in The Sacred Gaze, pp. 55–74, discusses seven functions of religious images
within visual practice. Having read the examples that he provides for each function, explain each
of these functions through an example from your own experience.
Please note: David Morgan’s The Sacred Gaze: Religious Visual Culture in Theory and Practice
is available to you as an e-book via the Healey Library website. The link is provided on
Blackboard. You will need to apply your Healey library barcode on your ID card in order to
access the link.
Remember that whenever you quote or paraphrase the author’s ideas, you should cite the author
accurately by last name and page number). For example, “(Morgan, 67).”
Grading Criteria
This reading response paper (RRP), is the second of five, and constitutes 7% of your final grade.
All RRPs will be graded on a modified Pass/Fail basis. The grading criteria are as follows:
Satisfactory, good, or very good: A–
Deficient but acceptable: C
Unacceptable: F
Excellent or outstanding: A
No submission: 0
Submission of Assignments
1) All written work is to be uploaded as a Word document or RTF file on Blackboard. Please note
that the document should be named in the following manner: Yourlastname_RRP2, i.e. if the
participant’s last name is “Irani,” the file should be named: Irani_RRP2.
2) All assignments should be formatted in a double-spaced, standard 12-point font, such as Times
New Roman, with one-inch margins.
3) The word count should be provided at the end of the paper.
4) All assignments will be screened via SafeAssign—Blackboard’s plagiarism detection tool.

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OL 326 Short Paper Guidelines and Rubric


OL 326 Short Paper Guidelines and Rubric

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OL 326 Short Paper Guidelines and Rubric
In this course, short papers will be used to explore the course content more deeply and to apply key concepts and theories learned in your readings. In each short
paper, you are also asked to practice proper APA format.
Module Three Short Paper: Drug Testing of Employees
In the 1980s, the federal government required drug testing from government contractors. Since then, a number of companies have adopted policies regarding
drug testing in the workplace. Companies believe they need to do drug testing to promote a safe and efficient work environment. Others believe it is an invasion
of privacy and what a person does at home should have no bearing on employment. Write a paper addressing the following questions:
1. Do you think that companies should perform drug testing on employees? Explain your rationale and provide specific examples, where applicable.
2. Is the safety of employees and overall efficiency of the company or the privacy rights of employees more important? Explain your decision.
If you think drug testing of employees is appropriate, what human resource policies would you put in place to govern the drug testing? Explain. If you do not
think that drug testing is appropriate, what obligation do companies have to make sure proper safety is maintained in the workplace?
Module Five Short Paper: Five I’s Strategic Analysis
For Lululemon, a yoga and fitness retailer, 2013 was a turbulent year. Lululemon had a number of product issues and the CEO seemed to place the blame on
customers rather than on the company.
The following websites detail the events of 2013:
• Lululemon Admits Its PR Disasters Are Hurting Sales
• Chip Wilson, Lululemon Guru, Is Moving On
• Lululemon Founder Chip Wilson Issues Apology Following Thigh-Rubbing Pants Comments
Using the five I’s strategic analysis stages, beginning on page 52 of Business, Society, & Government Essentials, write a paper analyzing how you might use the
five stages to help Lululemon deal with its strategic stakeholders to avoid future public relations issues.
Module Six Short Paper: Minimum Wage
In February 2015, Walmart announced that it is increasing wages to just over $10 an hour for all employees. This wage is now substantially higher than the
federal minimum wage but still below the $15 an hour rate recommended by many labor activist groups.
Review the following information on the recent wage changes:
• In Letter to Associates, Walmart CEO Doug McMillon Announces Higher Pay
• What You Should Know About Walmart’s Raise
• Walmart Lifts Its Wage Floor to $9 an Hour
In a paper, respond to the following questions:
1. Do you think Walmart raised wages because of supply and demand in the labor market or because of the pressure of labor activist organizations? Explain
your reasoning.
2. Do you think Walmart should raise wages to $15/hour to match what labor activists are calling for? Why or why not?
3. Should the government raise the minimum wage and if so, to what level? Please support your answer.
Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed in each short paper:
I. Main Elements. You have addressed all of the questions in the assignment.
II. Inquiry and Analysis. You show an in-depth understanding of the concepts covered in the assignment.
III. Integration and Application. You have correctly applied the concepts discussed in the module corresponding with the assignment.
IV. Critical Thinking. You have articulated a clear conclusion based on strong rationale.
V. Research. You have incorporated at least two outside references into the assignment.
VI. Articulation of Response. You show appropriate grammar, spelling, syntax, and organization.
Rubric
Guidelines for Submission: Your paper must be submitted as a 2–3-page Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, oneinch
margins, and at least three sources cited in APA format.
Critical Elements Exemplary (100%) Proficient (85%) Needs Improvement (55%) Not Evident (0%) Value
Main Elements Meets “Proficient” criteria and
supports explanation with clear
and relevant examples using
scholarly research when
appropriate
Describes the main elements
and requirements and cites
examples to illustrate each
element
Describes some of the main
elements and requirements
Does not describe any of the
main elements and
requirements
20
Inquiry and Analysis Meets “Proficient” criteria and
supports explanation with clear
and relevant examples using
scholarly research when
appropriate
Provides in-depth analysis that
demonstrates complete
understanding of concepts
Provides in-depth analysis that
demonstrates complete
understanding of minimal
concepts
Does not provide in-depth
analysis
20
Integration and
Application
All of the course concepts are
correctly applied
Most of the course concepts
are correctly applied
Some of the course concepts
are correctly applied
Does not correctly apply any of
the course concepts
10
Critical Thinking Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
conclusions are thoroughly
defended with evidence and
examples
Draws informed conclusions
that are justified with evidence
Draws logical conclusions but
does not defend with evidence
Does not draw logical
conclusions
20
Research Incorporates many scholarly
resources effectively that
reflect depth and breadth of
research
Incorporates some scholarly
resources effectively that
reflect depth and breadth of
research
Incorporates very few scholarly
resources that reflect depth
and breadth of research
Does not incorporate scholarly
resources that reflect depth
and breadth of research
10
Articulation of
Response
Submission is free of errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, and
organization and is presented in
a professional and easy-to-read
format
Submission has no major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
Submission has major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that negatively impact
readability and articulation of
main ideas
Submission has critical errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that prevent understanding of
ideas
20
Total 100%

OL 326 Short Paper Guidelines and Rubric

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Assignment 2: Practical Data Mining Project 31005 Advanced Data Analytics


Assignment 2: Practical Data Mining Project
31005 Advanced Data Analytics
Spring 2018

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The goal of this assignment is to develop your skills in a practical data mining project. There are
two options.
1. To implement a simple data mining algorithm, ID3, from scratch. Or you could program
an algorithm of similar sophistication (seek advice in advance).
2. To do a data mining project. You can use an existing machine learning libraries for the
development. We recommend modern Python machine learning libraries such as scikitlearn,
pytorch or tensorflow. You can base your development on existing publicly
available projects such as repositories downloadable from github.
You can do this assignment by yourself or in pairs, seek advice in advance if more than two
people would like to form a team.
For all choices, you need
1. to submit a report on the development of the project (see below for details)
2. and to record a short presentation or screencast highlighting your work (5–10 minutes
maximum). The best movies will be shown to the class in the last week.
The main thing is to choose a project that you’re interested in and passionate
about.
Choice 1: Programming ID3
The first option is to program ID3 using the algorithm described in class. You need to develop
software to solve a supervised learning problem (ie. to build a model against a training set),
then run the software against a test dataset and report the accuracy of the model. Your program
should do the following things:
1. Read a training dataset and a test dataset. The datasets are in the form of text files. See
below.
2. Build a model using the training data as input.
3. Print out a representation of the model (ie. the tree or similar).
4. Run the test data against the model, work out the accuracy of the model (ie. How many
samples it classified correctly) and print out a confusion matrix to summarise the
results.
Format of the Datasets
Please use the Mushroom dataset to test the algorithm implementation. It is a simple comma
separated values text file describing whether mushrooms are poisonous or edible. It consists of
two parts:
Header line beginning with the comment character “#” followed by the name of each attribute
separated by commas. You should ignore any whitespace in the line.
Data lines follow the header. Each data point (or sample point) is on a separate line.
Attribute values are separated by commas. All attributes are categorical and do not have
embedded spaces. The attribute named “class” is the class type for the sample and has the value
“edible” or “poisonous”. Your task it to build a decision tree that can discriminate between
edible and poisonous mushrooms. For more information, see
http://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/Mushroom
The Software
You are free to develop the software in any language you like, although C/C++, Java, Python or
similar are preferred. If you want to choose a different language, check first with me. The
program should be a text–based “console” program. You do not need to worry about a
GUI.
What to Submit
There are three parts to your deliverable, which will be around 20 pages.
1. a short description of the design of the program (3 pages maximum);
2. the source code for your program;
3. transcript of output from your program.
It is difficult to give an estimate of the number of lines of code required because it depends on
the specific language and the data mining algorithm chosen. However, you should be able to
code it all up using 3 or 4 classes in an object–oriented design.
The ID3 algorithm
You should build a decision tree using the ID3 algorithm given in the 3rd lecture (it is a pretty
simple algorithm, feel free to learn it yourself if you choose to start this assignment before Week
3). This algorithm uses the information gain measure to calculate the splits. You should build
the decision tree using the training data supplied, then calculate the error on the supplied
test/validation data. Since the mushroom dataset is categorical, you will not need to consider
the complexities added with real–valued attributes. There is missing data in the mushroom
dataset (flagged by “?” values). Don’t treat the missing data specially. Just pretend that “?” is just
another value for the attribute in question. Also, do not worry about pruning the tree.
The program must display a text representation of the decision tree. You are free to display the
tree in any way you think makes sense, so long as it shows what attributes are tested at each
node in the tree. It is acceptable to utilise diagnosis tools provided by machine learning
packages for the display of the tree ** as long as the tree is built by your own program, i.e. it is
NOT acceptable to form a 2nd tree using the package, and display the 2nd tree directly **.
Hint #1: The trick with building the decision tree is not really the ID3 algorithm which is fairly
straightforward. The tricky bit is managing the dataset. Remember that you need to be able to
easily split the dataset based on the value of a specific attribute. That means you need to devise
a suitable data structure to easily do this split and to work out class frequencies.
Hint #2: Think carefully about the entropy function you need to use when calculating
information gain. It’s not quite so simple as in our theoretical discussion. Specifically, what
happens when all of the dataset you’re looking at has only one of the two class values? ie. all the
mushrooms are edible or all are poisonous? How will you deal with this?
Hint #3: Follow carefully the online learning materials provided Week 3.
Choice 1-alternative: Programming an algorithm of your choice
The second option allows you to choose another algorithm to program, so long as you seek
approval from me. One potential method is a multilayer perceptron neural network. You may
use a supporting mathematical library to help with the details so long as you code the machine
learning algorithm part yourself. Note: It is not acceptable to simply write code to call the Java
Weka algorithm or the Python scikit-learn code for the algorithm. I expect you to write the main
algorithm yourself. The dataset to be used for the classification (or regression) problem will
need to be determined in consultation with me, but as a default we would probably use the
mushroom dataset from choice 1 if it makes sense.
Comments about what you need to submit and choice of programming language are as above.
Choice 2: Doing a data mining project
The third choice is to use an existing package to solve a data mining problem. If you want to do
this it will not be enough to just use one classification algorithm and copy the output. You need
to explore the data, systematically try several algorithms and parameter settings to find the best
(by evaluating the quality of the classifiers) and then provide a recommendation.
Format of the Datasets
I’m happy for you to choose a dataset, but check with me first. A very good source is
https://www.kaggle.com/datasets
What to Submit
There are three parts to your deliverable.
1. a description of your exploration of the dataset highlighting interesting or important
things you found (roughly 5–10 pages with figures);
2. a description of how you approached the problem, which algorithms you looked at and
the parameter settings you used (10 pages);
3. your recommended classifier with reasons why (1 page).
Recorded Presentation
Regardless of the choice of project that you do, each group needs to record a short presentation
of 5–10 minutes. The idea is to tell the rest of the class about the results of your wonderful
project work. You might want to divide your talk into the following general sections:
• Introduction: what problem were you solving?
• Background information about the problem (if needed)
• Your solution.
• Results, possibly including a demonstration if you wrote a program.
• Reflection: what did you learn? what would you do differently next time?
Due Date
Due date 11:59pm 5 Oct 2018.
How to submit Please submit a soft copy on UTS Online. Make sure you put your student
number and your name in the document.
Extensions may be granted for assignments after consultation with the Subject Coordinator
before the due date.
Late assignments will have 20 percentage points deducted from the total worth to the
assignment per day late or part thereof, more than five days late the assignment will receive
zero. Special Consideration, for late submission, must be arranged beforehand with the
Subject Co–ordinator.
Assessment
Group work This assignment may be done individually or in pairs. Conditions for group work
are described in the subject outline. Except for exceptional circumstances
(ie. where problems occur in the group), each member will receive the same mark.
If there are problems in your group, please see the Subject Coordinator.
Return I will endeavour to return marked assignments within three weeks.
Contribution to final mark This assignment contributes: 40% towards your final mark.
Objectives This assignment supports objectives 1, 3 and 4 and Graduate Attributes C2 and E1 in
the subject outline.
Academic Standards Please see the subject outline for details on the ethical standards we
expect from you.
Hours An average student should expect to spend around 48 hours to get a 50P result on this
assignment.
Code for ID3 and other algorithms may easily be found on the Internet (by you and by me!), but
using this code defeats the purpose of the assignment. The point is for you to learn how to solve
the program yourselves. Please don’t use source code you find on the Internet. I will check all
assignments. Also, please don’t simply call Weka or scikit-learn code which does the majority of
the work from your code.
Marking Scheme
Choice-1 (and alternative)
* Program design (30)
– Data structure: is there discussion on how to store the key status of the model / algorithm? E.g.
if the algorithm is ID3, is the discussion on how the tree node represented in memory sufficient?
(1-10)
– Overall structure: how the functions / classes are designed and organised? (1-5)
– Interface: clear and implementation independent? (1-5, related to overall structure)
– Efficiency: time and memory efficiency considered?(1-5)
* Clarity and readability (30)
– Variable names are descriptive (1-5)
– Indentation are appropriate (1-5)
– Informative, precise and concise comments (1-5)
– Repeatedly used code blocks are suitably delegated to functions (1-5: related to the structure)
– No goto, reasonably clear execution flow (1-5)
– Assertion or exception handling (1-5)
* Output (20)
– Correctness (1-10)
– Interpretability: the output should be easily understood (1-5)
– Organisation / summarisation: there should be attempt to allow users to find key info if the
volume of the output is large (1-5)
* Video Presentation (20)
– Introduction: what problem were you solving? (1-5)
– Background information about the problem and Your solution (1-5).
– Results, possibly including a demonstration if you wrote a program.(1-5)
– Reflection: what did you learn? what would you do differently next time? (1-5)If you choose
option 1 or 2 your assignment will be marked based on how well you solve
the problem and the design and efficiency of your program.
Choice-2
* Data Exploration (/30)
– Is the business problem understood well and clearly stated in the report? (1-10)
– Is there detailed discussion on the data characteristic related to the problem, such as how the
attributes / other aspects may facilitate or pose challenges? (1-10)
– Is there analysis how to deal with / make advantage of the specific data characteristics and
therefore to design a solution path? (1-5)
– Clarity in presentation, general logic etc. (1-5)
* Methodology (/30)
– At least two different approaches have been tested, with reasonable motivation, experiment
design and criteria for the outcomes (1-10)
– Model selection, (hyper-) parameter tuning scheme for each algorithm (1-10)
– Sophistication of algorithms (1-5, we reward efforts in implementation)
– Clarity in presentation (1-5, consider the tables and figures for results).
* Understanding and recommendation (/20)
– How convincing discussion on the experiment outcomes is, considering both technical
soundness and narrative explanation (1-10)
– Does the final recommendation fit the problem (1-10)
* Video Presentation (/20)
– Introduction: what problem were you solving? (1-5)
– Background information about the problem and Your solution (1-5).
– Results, possibly including a demonstration if you wrote a program.(1-5)
– Reflection: what did you learn? what would you do differently next time? (1-5)

Assignment 2: Practical Data Mining Project
31005 Advanced Data Analytics

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Assignment: Volatility modelling of exchange rate


Assignment: Volatility modelling of exchange rate

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Assignment: Volatility modelling of exchange rate
In the wake of recent financial news of
i the rising bad debts of Australian banks, and consumers,
ii the 25 basis cut of interest rate by RBA to its historically low level of 1.5%,
iii the BHP Billiton’s first annual loss of USD6.385 since the BHP and Billiton merged 15 years
ago,
iv the UK decided to leave Europe, and
v a stubbornly high AUD (making Australian products less competitive internationally)
have had impacted local equity and the currency markets. One of the ways to analyze these impact
on the AU-US dollar exchange rate can be to look at the volatility movements of the exchange rate.
Crises period tend to increase volatility and the tranquil period tend to calm the market volatility.
The aim of this assignment is to analyze the same while building up the crucial concepts of ARCH
modeling along the way.
Download the data of Australian-US dollar exchange rate from the source mentioned below and
answer the followings:
i whether the Aus-US dollar exchange rate is a stationary process. Use both the graphical
approach and the statistical test.
ii draw the histogram of the exchange rate returns and compare it with the histogram of a
normally distributed random variable. Explain in few lines the differences you observe between
the two histogram. You can simulate data from the normal distribution with the mean and
the standard deviation obtained from the exchange rate returns data. The length of this
simulated/artificial data should match with the length of the exchange rate returns data.
iii set-up a statistical/econometric model for the exchange rate returns data with ARCH(2) process.
Explain in a few lines what are known and unknown in this model and how can we get
to know about the unknown?
iv determine whether there are ARCH effects in the model. Use both the graph and the statistical
test to justify your answer.
v redo the above with the artificial data you created in part (ii) above. Is there an ARCH effect
and why not?
vi set-up a likelihood function in Microsoft Excel and estimate unknown part of the model. You
will need to know the mean and variance equations and the likelihood function of the ARCH
model. Estimate the same model in EViews and compare the estimates of the model from two
software. At this point, you would appreciate yourself that you have unraveled (the black-box
of) what EViews has done it for you in one click.
vii obtain the forecast of the conditional variance of the return for the one week and comment on
2
the forecast.
Data: The price of the Australian dollar in terms of US dollar or the US dollar exchange rate per
Australian dollar. The sample period is from 04/01/2010 to date.
Data source: DATA
Notes: You will see a few observations are missing (ND: No data for this date) in the data. This is a
common problem when we deal with the real-life data. You can fix this problem in a few ways. Either
replace the missing value with the value of the Aus-US dollar exchange rate prior to the missing
value or replace it by the average value of the exchange rates of prior and post missing values. Since
the data size is huge, we perhaps do not need to worry about missing observations. Simply delete
the rows of your data set where missing observation appears. From part ii onwards, you would be
dealing with the continuously compounded daily returns of the Australian-US dollar price.
You are to submit a document in the CloudDeakin folder that lists the number and part of each
question (e.g. (b)I ) followed by your answer and the files containing all working on Excel/Eviews.
Do not replicate the question. Verbose and overly long assignments are not appreciated.
Please note that the word document file is to be marked. Any information you need
from Excel and/EViews output, please make it a part of the word document.

Assignment: Volatility modelling of exchange rate

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SIT202 Computer Networks Trimester 2


SIT202 Computer Networks Trimester 2
Problem Solving Report 3 (due 11:59 pm September 23
rd 2018)
Total Marks =30
This will be converted to 10% of total marks

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Questions:
1. A) The World Wide Web was originally designed as a stateless entity. However, over time it was
identified that a stateful relationship between a web client and a web server can benefit in many ways
including e-commerce, collecting web behaviour of web users etc. The cookie mechanism was
introduced for this purpose. In your lecture slides (week-8 to week-9), the following diagram
demonstrates the use of a cookie. Explain each of the six steps indicated in the following diagram
for using the cookie in online shopping.
Marking Guideline:
Overall Explanations (9.0 marks):
o 9.0 marks: Explained clearly all six steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the
request/response)
o 8.0 Explained but missing two components or have two errors in one of the step/steps from
six steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response)
o 7.0 Explained but missing 4 components or have 4 errors in one of the step/steps from six
steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response)
o 6.0 Explained but missing 6 components or have 6 errors in one of the step/steps from six
steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response)
o 5.0 Explained but missing 8 components or have 8 errors in one of the step/steps from six
steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response)
o 4.0 Explained but missing 10 components or have 10 errors in one of the step/steps from six
steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response)
o 3.0 Explained but missing 12 components or have 12 errors in one of the step/steps from six
steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response)
o 2.0 Explained but missing 14 components or have 14 errors in one of the step/steps from six
steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response)
o 1.0 Explained but missing 16 components or have 16 errors in one of the step/steps from six
steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response)
o 0.0 Explained but missing 18 components or have 18 errors in one of the step/steps from six
steps (server/client activity, cookie, contents in the request/response), all incorrect or did
not attempt.
1. B) Consider a scenario where an advertising company pays fees to Deakin
University for including banner ads in Deakin’s web site, i.e., an image presenting an
advertisement of a product from a manufacturer which is linked to the manufacturer’s
web server. Deakin receives payment from the advertising company based on the
number of visits by its users to the manufacturer’s web site. The advertising company
gets payment from the manufacturer based on the number of times the advertisement
is displayed. Prepare a diagram illustrating how the cookie is used when retrieving a
Deakin web page containing an advertisement and then tracking the users of Deakin’s
web site visiting the manufacturer’s web site by clicking on an advertisement.
Explain the steps in your diagram.
Overall Explanations and diagram (8.0 marks):
o 8.0 marks: Explained clearly all four steps (source and destination of each step form
different server/client, contents in the request/response) and presented in the diagram
o 7.0 Explained but missing two components or have two errors from (source and
destination of each step form different server/client, contents in the request/response) in
one of the step/steps from four steps and presented in the diagram.
o 6.0 Explained but missing 4 components or have 4 errors from (source and destination of
each step form different server/client, contents in the request/response) in one of the
step/steps from four steps and presented in the diagram.
o 5.0 Explained but missing 6 components or have 6 errors from (source and destination of
each step form different server/client, contents in the request/response) in one of the
step/steps from four steps and presented in the diagram.
o 4.0 Explained but missing 8 components or have 8 errors from (source and destination of
each step form different server/client, contents in the request/response) in one of the
step/steps from four steps and presented in the diagram.
o 3.0 Explained but missing 10 components or have 10 errors from (source and destination
of each step form different server/client, contents in the request/response) in one of the
step/steps from four steps and presented in the diagram.
o 2.0 Explained but missing 12 components or have 12 errors from (source and destination
of each step form different server/client, contents in the request/response) in one of the
step/steps from four steps and presented in the diagram.
o 1.0 Explained but missing 14 components or have 14 errors from (source and destination
of each step form different server/client, contents in the request/response) in one of the
step/steps from four steps and presented in the diagram.
o 0.0 Explained but all incorrect or did not attempt.
2. In the following diagram, a web client is communicating with a web server which opens a TCP
connection at client’s end. The client is using an initial sequence number (ISN) 2048 with a port of
51000 and receiving window size of 2000. In response, server also opens a TCP connection with ISN
21732 and receiving window size of 4000, port 80. After connection establishment, client sends two
data segments each of size 500 bytes. Then server responds in a single segment with 1000 bytes. Then
client closes the connection, in response server also closes the connection.
Show all TCP segments during connection establishment, data transfer and connection termination
between client and server (no segments are corrupted/dropped in the exchange). For each segment,
write header information which should include port number, sequence number, acknowledgement
number, values of all bits in the control field, window sizes and ranges of data bytes in the data section
(as appropriate for the segment type). Each segment needs to be placed in a separate table. First row
in the table should mention the label of segment based on their type and direction clearly client to
server or vice versa. All tables should have a number at the beginning (on top of the table) which
indicates the order they are sent by either the client or the server.
Marking guide line: Total =13 Marks
Marks for each segment-1.44, then each component marks=segment mark/number of component in the segment
1. Connection establishment (11 component + 13 component + 13 component)
2. Data transfer ( 15 component + 15 component + 15 component)
3. Connection termination ( 13 component + 13 component + 13 component)

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