Category Archives: English

Challenges with Medical Coding Quality


Challenges with Medical Coding Quality

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A. Develop an introduction (suggested length of 4–6 pages) that explains the rationale for the project by doing the following:

1. Present your topic.

2. Explain why you chose the topic.

3. Explain why you chose your project format (e.g., case study, meta-analysis of data).

4. Discuss why the project is important to the field of HIIM.

 

B. Explain the problem your project will address (suggested length of 3–5 pages) by doing the following:

 

Note: You may choose to include some reference to your sources to support your explanations.

 

1. Outline the problem.

2. Provide background information of the problem.

3. Discuss possible causes of the problem.

4. Explain why an examination of this problem is important.

 

C. Create a well-organized literature review of 15–20 professional sources by doing the following (1 to 2 reviews per page suggested):

1. Outline research for best practices for your topic.

2. Summarize the professional literature relevant to the topic you have chosen.

3. Provide a conclusion that interprets how the literature applies to the problem being investigated.

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D. Provide your preliminary reference list.

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Explorer Quest


Explorer Quest

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The Explorer Quest is an opportunity to explore a music-related topic you are interested in learning more about. You are encouraged to choose a topic that will benefit you professionally (ie: Research how music relates to your field of study, submit a project you can use as a sample for grad. school applications, etc) or personally (ie: Learn an instrument, learn a song, etc.). You are fairly free in choosing a topic.

 

The amount of XP you earn will be determined by three components:

  1. The Project Itself (max 100 XP)
  2. Works Cited (max 50 XP)
  • Self-Reflection (max 50 XP)

 

  1. The Project Itself
  • Written Project: Double-spaced, size 11 or 12 font, 2+ pages
    1. Write a short story from the perspective of someone living in a particular decade, an instrument tracing its evolution, a particular musician, etc.
    2. Write a journalism article on your topic.
    3. Write a literature review of various books/articles related to your topic.
    4. Read and summarize a music-related book. What did you learn? Be critical of the book and include your opinion.
    5. Write a research paper.
    6. If you are a parent, learn about music education techniques and try them out on your child. Write about the experience. You’ve just discovered an easter egg. Email Prof. S explaining a possible idea for your Explorer Quest, or if you need suggestions, ask.
    7. If you have an elderly relative with Dementia or Alzheimers, learn about music therapy techniques and try them out on your relative. Write about the experience.

 

*This should NOT be a stressful project. I expect quality work regardless of project format, but if you are having a jam-packed semester, let me know and we’ll work to make sure this isn’t just another assignment on the pile. I know what it’s like to be a student!

 

  1. Works Cited

 

Regardless of format, you are expected to properly cite at least five sources with your project (exceptions apply – see me for details).  Audio and video examples count as sources but must be cited properly.

 

Citations should come from reputable sources. I suggest searching for sources through www.scholar.google.com rather than conducting regular Google searches.

 

You may use MLA, APA, or Chicago format for your works cited page. For more information on how to properly cite sources, please see Brooklyn College (http://libguides.brooklyn.cuny.edu/cite) or Purdue’s webpage (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/).

 

  • Self-Reflection – 1 page, double-spaced, size 11 or 12 font

 

Regardless of format, you are expected to submit a self-reflection with your project. The reflection is a critique of your own work – what you did well, how you can improve, what you learned along the way, if/how you benefitted from this project, etc.

 

The reflection also serves as your opportunity to let me know what feedback you’d like and what I should take into account when grading. If you learned a piece of music, what kind of advice would you like me to provide? If you wrote a research paper, would you like suggestions on improving grammar, content, etc.?

 

 

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IMSE 2030 – Fundamentals of Systems Design and Analysis – Assignment 2


IMSE 2030 – Fundamentals of Systems Design and Analysis – Assignment 2

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Complete below and produce ONE report to include all parts.
PART 1. Using IDEF0 methodology, draw a complete model to specify an organization of your choice
(industrial, service, or public). This model should specify the organization down to its 2nd level of
decomposition (i.e., include function blocks at the Axx level), taking into consideration of all the aspects
such as outlined below:
Follow strictly the cross-checking steps to ensure the integrity of your model:
1. Specify and Cross-Check a function block: for each of the Inputs, cross-check for its related
Output(s); for each of the Outputs, cross-check for its related Input(s); for each of the Mechanism
and Control, check what it is used for.
2. Decompose, if needed, to 3-5 next level functions. For each of these sub-level functions:
 Carry out the Specify and Cross-Check as outlined in (1)
 Establish relationships amongst these functions through flow of Inputs,
Outputs, Controls and Mechanisms
 Cross-Check Integrity of Decomposition: lower-level definition should
represent EXACTLY its higher level function.
3. Repeat step 2 until the required level of detail is reached.
You should provide a textual description of the overall system/organization of concern, as well as for each
of the function blocks presented in the model.
PART 2. From your IDEF model of the organization, pick up two related functions. Draw an ActivityCycle-Diagram
to illustrate how the dynamic interaction takes place.
PART 3. Explain, with flowchart if necessary, how simulation process can be logically carried out to
estimate the system performance in terms of average lead time, and/or average resources utilization. Then,
for the ACD model of Part 2:
 Assign time elements involved (such the average and distribution times of arrival, and
machining/process/service times)
 Carry out a simulation, physically, and estimate the values related to system performance such as
the mean throughput and/or the average waiting times.
Length and Structure: No more than 20 pages (1.5 spacing and including figures). Please properly
“section” your report, so that it follows the format of a typical technical report.
Date of submission: To be decided with class.
Individual Assignment Evaluation Sheet
Assignment No.:________2____________Name of Student:_________________________________
Evaluation Criteria Score Comments
Understanding of complete functional modelling of
industrial/service/public systems
Use of IDEF modelling: able to use the methodology correctly
(top-down approach, meaningful decomposition of functions,
proper specification of inputs, outputs, controls and
mechanisms and flows)
Understanding of the functional structure of a
industrial/service/public system: the completeness of the
specification of a system in the industrial, service, and public
sectors.
Integrity of mode: Specification correct for ALL functions and
at ALL levels. Cross-checking properly carried out as
required.
(40)
Understanding of dynamic flow and interaction
Use of Activity-Cycle-Diagram modelling: able to use the
methodology correctly
Understanding of the dynamic logics: understand the meaning
and dynamic logics and explain how this can be used to
accomplish discrete simulation of the operation of a system.
Use of ACD to carry out a simple simulation: values such as
mean waiting times, etc., correctly estimated.
(30)
Contents and Quality of Presentation
 Good introduction and meaningful background
information
 Clear argument, logically structured and easy to follow
 Good illustrations
 Sufficient support material/examples/references
 Logical conclusion
(10)
Class Submission (20)
TOTAL (100) General feedback

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Data Analysis, R


Data Analysis, R

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Instructions:

The project aims to analyze a real data set. You are free to perform any analyses that you consider to be relevant and informative. Use R to perform calculations and computations. Do not submit pages of raw computer output, but you need include important tables or attach graphs to your report. Write concise answers that clearly describe the steps in your analysis and your conclusions. You will be graded with respect to how well your analyses reveal interesting aspects of the data set, the interpretation of your results, how well you justify your methods of analysis, and the overall quality of your writing.

 

Your report should contain the following:

  1. Provide a one paragraph summary of your major findings. This should not contain any formulas or mathematical symbols. It should be well written so that it could be easily understood by anybody else who is not a statistician.
  2. Provide a description of the steps taken to identify your best model (or models). Do not give all the details of your search. Do not submit any computer output in this section. Simply outline the issues you considered, your decisions, and the sequence of steps you took to develop a model. (Not to exceed one typed page.)
  3. Provide a description of your best model (or models), including estimates of parameters and their standard errors, and the statistical inference you performed. You may copy small parts of computer output into this part of the report. Discuss and interpret any important features of your model and state your conclusions in the context of the problem. (Not to exceed two typed pages).
  4. Provide convincing evidence that your analysis is based on a good model. Discussion of residual plots and other diagnostic checks would be appropriate. You may attach graphs but lists of raw computer output should not be submitted and will be ignored. (Not to exceed one typed page, excluding graphs.)
  5. You may submit one more paragraph outlining additional analyses that you would have done if you had more time. You will earn points for good suggestions and lose points for suggestions with little potential value.

 

Data set description:

This data set comes from a study conducted by Baty et al. (2006). The original purpose of this study was to measure the influence of beverages on blood gene expression. They would like to explore the underlying mechanisms of the cardio protective effects of beverages (You are not restricted to their study purpose). Six healthy individuals participated in the randomized controlled cross-over experiment. On 4 independent days they had 4 different beverages (500mL each: grape juice, red wine, 40g diluted ethanol, water). Blood samples were taken at baseline (0 hour, without drinking beverages), 1, 2, 4, 12 hours after the drink together with standardized nutrition. RNA of 120 samples was hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays. The gene expression data were obtained for 108 blood samples. The data set is Beverage Study Data Set. The data set is contained in “Alldata.Rdata” file, which can be loaded into your R by using the command (after setting the working directory to the place where you saved the data set) load(file=”Alldata.Rdata”)

Within the data set, “Alldata” is a list, which includes the following objects:

“originaldata”   “trt1”           “trt2”           “trt3”          “trt4”

“time_h0”         “time_h1”    “time_h2”   “time_h4”   “time_h12”

“ind1”        “ind2”     “ind3”         “ind4”       “ind5”    “ind6”

The objects included in the data set are

 

originaldata: All the gene expression data (transformed counts data);

trt1: IDs for individuals participated in Alcohol group;

trt2: IDs for individuals participated in Grape juice group;

trt3: IDs for individuals participated in Red wine group;

trt4: IDs for individuals participated in Water group;

time h0: Observations measured at baseline;

time h1: Observations measured at 1 hour after the drink;

time h2: Observations measured at 2 hours after the drink;

time h4: Observations measured at 4 hours after the drink;

time h12: Observations measured at 12 hours after the drink;

ind1: data obtained from individual 1;

ind2: data obtained from individual 2;

ind3: data obtained from individual 3;

ind4: data obtained from individual 4;

ind5: data obtained from individual 5;

ind6: data obtained from individual 6;

 

You can access to each object by using the operator $. For example, if you want to

get the data contained in trt1, you could type in the following

Alldata$trt1

The original data is a matrix containing 22283 rows and 130 columns. Each row corresponds to one gene, and the 3rd column to the 110th column correspond to gene expression data. The rest columns are gene IDs or the gene annotation information. The following is very small part of the data

GSM87863 GSM87887 GSM87896 GSM87934 GSM87943 GSM87853

1   6.96959      6.84646        6.99376      7.0678         7.07566       7.18618

2   4.94771      4.63228        4.47609      4.41107        4.6249        4.61241

3   7.38956      7.21881        7.62192      7.76446        7.4327        7.3896

4   7.73394      7.73069        8.12781      7.92782        7.96697      7.96694

5   3.10916      3.3146         3.4218         3.46084        3.29934      3.35648

6   6.93594      7.23465        6.63625      6.72077        7.15            7.07379

The first column in the above data example corresponds to the observation ID GSM87863. This ID is contained in the variable Alldata$trt1, Alldata$time_h0 and Alldata$ind1. This means that this column data (gene expressions) are obtained from the individual 1 at time 0h who participated in the treatment 1 (Alcohol group). Each row corresponds the gene expression for each gene. In the above data set, the rows 1-6 provide gene expressions for the first 6 genes.

 

References:

Baty F, Facompre M, Wiegand J, Schwager J et al. Analysis with respect to instrumental variables for the exploration of microarray data structures. BMC Bioinformatics, 2006 Sep 29;7:422.

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Lab 8 DNA Coding and Protein Synthesis


Lab 8 DNA Coding and Protein Synthesis

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Introduction: Connecting Your Learning As covered in a previous lesson, DNA is an abbreviation for the biological molecule called deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is found in the nucleus of cells and it stores genetic information and the code for synthesizing proteins. A DNA molecule is organized into sections called genes. Genes code for specific proteins that are vital to living organisms. Proteins are important because they are the building blocks of cells and, additionally, proteins called enzymes play a key role in catalyzing chemical reactions in living organisms. Proteins are synthesized in the cytoplasm of cells by ribosomes. Long strands of DNA along with proteins called histones are tightly wound together to form chromosomes. In order to synthesize a protein, information must be transferred from the DNA in the nucleus of the cell to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm of the cell. The process involves two steps: transcription and translation. Transcription is the process where the code for a protein found on a specific gene located on DNA is written to another nucleic acid molecule called ribonucleic acid (RNA). This process takes place in the nucleus of the cell. The molecule of RNA then leaves the nucleus and enters the cytoplasm where the process of translation takes place. Translation is a process where the code for making a protein (found on a molecule of RNA) is translated into specific amino acids that will comprise apolypeptide (protein). In this lab, students will simulate the process of protein synthesis by transcribing DNA molecules into RNA molecules and then subsequently, translating RNA molecules into amino acids. Students will also extract DNA from an onion. Resources and Assignments Multimedia Resources None Required Assignments Lesson 10 Lab 8 Required Materials From the Lab Kit DNA template cards Universal genetic code reference card Ribosome circle Thermometer Funnel 100 ml graduated cylinder 2 coffee filters Measuring spoon (teaspoon) 2 teaspoons salt Student Provided Pen or pencil Standard printer paper (1 sheet) Scissors Onion 1 small pot 120 ml water 2 tablespoons liquid dish detergent Fork (Needed only if a blender or food processor is not available) Knife Cutting board or other surface for cutting the onion Additional water for heating (3-4 cups tap water) 2 small glass, ceramic, or metal mixing bowls 2 cups ice or access to a freezer 2 clear drinking glasses (12-16 oz) 100 ml Isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol), 71% or higher Blender or food processor Tape Optional: (if the student wants to preserve the extracted DNA) Alcohol (100-200 ml) Focusing Your Learning Small clear glass container with a lid Wooden skewer or toothpick Lab Objectives By the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. Identify the structure of DNA including the following: nucleotides, base pairing, hydrogen bonds, and the double helix model. 2. Compare and contrast the structure of DNA and RNA. 3. List and describe the steps of DNA replication. 4. List and describe the steps of transcription and translation, and describe where each occurs in the cell. 5. Explain the functions of messenger RNA, transfer RNA, and ribosomal RNA. 6. Distinguish between codons and anticodons. Background Information DNA and RNA Structure Assessing Your Learning Compose answers to the questions below in Microsoft Word and save the file as a backup copy in the event that a technical problem is encountered while attempting to submit the assignment. Make sure to run a spell check. Copy the answer for the first question from Microsoft Word by simultaneously holding down the Ctrl and A keys to select the text, and then simultaneously holding down the Ctrl and C keys to copy it. Then, click the link on the Lab Preview Page to open up the online submit form for the laboratory. Paste the answer into the online dialog box by inserting the cursor in the box for question one and simultaneously holding down the Ctrl and V keys. The answer should now appear in the box. Repeat this process for each question. Review all work to make sure that all questions have been completely answered and then click on the Submit button at the bottom of the page. 1. How does DNA differ from RNA? (2 points) 2. Where in the cell does each of the following processes take place? (2 points) a. Transcription b. Translation 3. The following is a base sequence on a strand of DNA. When the strand replicates, what is the base sequence on the complementary strand of DNA? (2 points) AATCGCATACCCGGTCAG 4. Transcribe the following DNA molecule into mRNA: TAACCTGGACTACAAATC. (2 points) 5. What is a promoter? (2 points) 6. What is the role of the enzyme DNA polymerase? (2 points) 7. What is the end product of transcription? (2 points) 8. Why would it be impossible to extract DNA from cooked foods? (2 points) 9. Which DNA extraction procedure (warm water versus room temperature water) produced a greater quantity of DNA? Explain why the results turned out the way that they did. (6 points) 10. Provide the amino acid sequence for DNA template cards 1 through 5 (from Procedure 4 in the lab)? (10 points) a. DNA template card # 1: b. DNA template card # 2: c. DNA template card # 3: d. DNA template card # 4: e. DNA template card # 5: 11. What is an exon? (2 points) 12. What three molecules are needed for the process of translation? (3 points) a. b. c. 13. What are the building blocks of proteins called? (2 points) 14. List the three stop codons. (3 points) a. b. c. 15. Provide the amino acid sequence for DNA template cards 6 through 10 (from Procedure 4). (10 points) a. DNA template card # 6: b. DNA template card # 7: c. DNA template card # 8: d. DNA template card # 9: e. DNA template card # 10: 16. Define the following terms: (2 points) a. Point mutation b. Frameshift mutation 17. Name the type of mutation that occurred below. (2 points) Original strand of DNA: CTAGGCCTAACTGCC Replicated strand of DNA: CTAGGCCAAACTGCC 18. Provide the amino acid sequence for DNA template cards 5 and 11 through 14 (from Procedure 4). (10 points) a. DNA template card #5: b. DNA template card # 11: c. DNA template card # 12: d. DNA template card # 13: e. DNA template card # 14: 19. DNA template cards 11 through 14 represent mutations that occurred in template card five. Review the amino acid sequences for cards 5 and 11 through 14 and answer the following: (10 points) a. What type of mutation occurred in cards 11 and 12? b. Did the mutation in card 11 result in a change in the protein synthesized? c. Did the mutation in card 12 result in a change in the protein synthesized? d. What type of mutation occurred in cards 13 and 14? e. Would the mutations that occurred in cards 13 and 14 result in a change in the protein synthesized? 20. A base deletion of base eight (frameshift mutation) occurs in the following nucleotide sequence: CTCAATGAAGGCCTA. (4 points) a. Write the codons for the nucleotide sequence. b. Write the codons for the nucleotide sequence following the base deletion. 21. (Application) How might the information gained from this lab pertaining to protein synthesis be useful to a student employed in a healthcare related profession? (20 points)

 

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Discussion help-Nursing


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Discussion Question:

Isaac has worked as a staff nurse on the telemetry floor for over 15 years. He holds seniority in the unit. His patient care is satisfactory; however, his interpersonal behaviors are becoming an increasing issue for his coworkers. He throws papers around the unit, gives short answers to questions, and seems generally miserable. He tells the staff that they are lazy and stupid. He is constantly questioning their decisions.

You have come from another local hospital in the role of the assistant nurse manager. Based on your observations, you have met with Isaac informally and discussed his behaviors, but they have not changed.

Now three new nurses have already come to you saying that this unit is a great match for them, except for one problem. Although they have not identified Isaac by name, they have told you that one of the nurses is extremely abusive verbally, and they have been calling in sick on the days they are scheduled to work with this person.

1.What are your responsibilities as an assistant nurse manager in regard to Isaac’s behavior problem?

2.What is the next step in dealing with Isaac’s behaviors?

3.How will you, as the manager, have Isaac develop more effective people skills?

4.Using your textbook, give examples of behaviors and activities of an effective manager that would help to address this situation.

Content Questions:

1.) What is the difference between leadership and management?

2.) What qualities do you think are most important to be a good nurse manager?

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Custom essay papers


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Research paper help


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Research Paper Instructions

You will write a research paper of 8 full –9 full pages on a management topic approved by your instructor. The topic must be unique to the topics covered in the course and have a management focus. Submit your request for your desired topic to the Research Paper Topic Approval Discussion Board by the end of Module/Week 1. A sample paper is available in the Assignment Instructions folder and should be referred to for proper formatting.

Paper Requirements: 

  • The paper is to be your original work and written solely for this course. Although past papers can be minimally referenced, papers previously submitted or work from previously submitted assignments cannot be used to fulfill this assignment.
  • The paper must be written using current APA format and include a title page, an abstract, and a references list (See APA sample paper).
  • The paper must have a minimum of 8 full pages (double-spaced on 8 ½ x 11 paper) and a  maximum of 9 full pages. The page count does not include the cover page, abstract, or reference pages.
  • It must be submitted as a Word document (.doc).
    • The finished paper must be uploaded, as an attachment, by the published deadline.
  • Headers must include short title and pagination. Running head is done on the first page.
  • It must have 1-inch margins (right, left, top, or bottom).
  • Do not use bullets or listing anywhere in the paper.
  • It must be written in third person.
  • It must use size 12 font in either Times or Times New Roman.
  • The body of the paper is left-justified only.
  • Paragraphs must be indented 5 spaces.
  • Any charts, graphs, pictures, etc. must be put in an appendix and do not count toward the minimum number of pages.
  • No more than 1 use of a block quote is to be used. Show block quotations of more than 40 words as follows:
    • Use single spacing within the quote and double spacing surrounding the quote.
    • Indent 5 spaces from left-hand margin.
    • Do not use quotation marks.

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  • References must be as follows:
    • A minimum of 9 different references must be used.
    • All references must be from peer-reviewed professional journals published within the last 3 years.
    • Textbooks, web blogs, abstracts, and other ancillary materials cannot be be counted as one of the required references.
    • All references must be cited somewhat equally in the narrative with no references over- or under-represented.
    • Quotations must not be more than 15% of the paper – paraphrase and properly quote the citations.
  • Reference Section
    • Double-space throughout references.

Submit this assignment via SafeAssign by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of Module/Week 7.

 

Buy your Research Paper Online-ENGR 381 Contemporary Issue Assignment


Buy your Research Paper Online-ENGR 381 Contemporary Issue Assignment

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ENGR 381 Contemporary Issue Assignment
Review and Reflection on Hydraulic Fracturing
DUE DATE: 15th December
Thermodynamics is fundamentally a subject about energy, which affects our lives in many
different ways. The availability of energy impacts our lifestyle, environment, economy, and
health. One of the primary controversial current topics related to energy is hydraulic fracturing.
Our contemporary issue project this semester will focus on hydraulic fracturing, which is a
controversial technique for harvesting natural gas (and other hydrocarbons) from the earth. This
project has two parts, the first being related to objective aspects of hydraulic fracturing and the
second being subjective to yourself and your own values. The final product of this project will
be a formal written report. The breakdown for the report will be as follows:
1. Part 1: An overview of hydraulic fracturing (or fracking) (2-3 pages, 12 point font, single
spacing)
a. A technical description of fracking
b. An overview of benefits, potential and realized
c. An overview of drawbacks, potential and realized
d. What biases do you detect?
e. Are there discrepancies in your resources?
2. Part 2: Your view on hydraulic fracturing (1-2 pages, 12 point font, single spacing)
a. Evaluate this technology from your personal perspective
b. Engage your values and beliefs as well as engineering ethics and virtues
c. Being as realistic as you can, what is your final recommendation regarding this
technology? Try to be convincing.
This project will require the gathering of information from a variety of sources. You should
include at least one from each of the following:
1. Documentary films
2. Mainstream newpaper articles
3. Blogs/editorial websites
4. Scientific articles
5. Editorials/articles/position statements from engineering societies (e.g. ASME, AIAA,
ACS, etc.)
6. Business magazines
Look for bias (implicit or explicit), and comment on it in your writing. Cite your research
materials throughout your report. Find your own references; I don’t expect to see the same set of
references for any two reports. Give proper citation to any figures used from your sources. See
the included materials on engineering ethics and virtues, and cite these as you make your
arguments in part 2.
Grading criterion: Quality of writing (including the use of citations) (25%), completeness of
background in part 1 (25%), articulation of your point of view in part 2 including citations to
ethics/virtue references (20%), persuasiveness (15%), effective use of figures (15%).
See attached documents on engineering ethics and virtues.

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Sports Nutrition Tips and the Nutrition Plan for Athletes


Sports Nutrition Tips and the Nutrition Plan for Athletes

Sometimes someone can ask you what your talent is and at some point when you were growing, you did not have any idea what talent is, right? Then you have grown now and am sure some of you here still don’t know their talents. For the lucky ones who have sports talent, and went to schools which considered co-curricular activities as a great deal, I know they realized what they are good in when it comes to sports. So today am here to discuss about athletes, sports nutrition tips for athletes especially the nutrition plan for athletes.

Many of you might be wondering why it is necessary to have a nutrition plan for athletes and I can assure you that there are numerous reasons behind this aspect. We all need energy to perform our daily activities and tasks and the same case applies to athletes. However, for them, they have to be vigilant on what their diet contains because that is what determines how they work and for those who have taken up athletic as  a career, the foods they eat is what determines their career and how long they will stay in course. That is why the nutrition plan for athletes is a very crucial element in sports.

In order to achieve the nutrition plan for athletes, the meals each individual takes before or after have a great impact on their energy formation, performance and the subsequent trainings. These individuals require a lot of energy in order to optimize their activities hence, it is very common to find them taking more calories in their diet compared to some of us. For instance, the nutrition plan for athletes must contain carbohydrates because as we all know carbohydrate foods are very rich in energy formation and athletes need this energy to avoid instant body fatigues when they are either exercising or performing.

We cannot forget proteins and fats too. I remember when we were young we used to be told how proteins can make you grow, however when I grew up, I realized that proteins have various benefits in our bodies. I will talk about the function of proteins from an athletic point of view, they are a source of energy and in addition to that, proteins help in building up muscles and new tissues. For athletes to achieve their goals they have to train continuously with a lot of resilience because without that commitment and passion, you cannot survive in the sports industry. Additionally proteins are vital in repairing worn out tissues. It is very clear that proteins play a huge role in the nutrition plan for athletes. Take a minute to imagine what if proteins dint exist? You and I know how much these athletes get injuries when they are out there playing or exercising meaning if we didn’t have proteins, injuries will mark the end of their athletic era. Additionally, their muscles will wear out and as a result, they will lack enough strength to help them achieve their sports goals. Therefore we can say proteins will always play a crucial role in the nutrition plan for athletes.

Many of us when we hear about fats, our minds rush to weight gain. However, we have types of fats and the ones recommended for athletes are unsaturated fats. So what do unsaturated fats include? We have examples like nuts, avocadoes, salmon and oils such as olive oil and sunflower oil. These fats helps in forming fatty acids that are not produced directly by our bodies and they are also a major player in the production of bile that breaks other fats in the body. What does this mean? It shows that if a body lacks some fats, it may lead to accumulation of more fats in the body due to lack of bile and I know that if there are extra fats in the body, the end result will be critical health conditions like diabetes, heart attacks and weight gain. No athlete will want to undergo all the above mentioned health issues therefore a little consumption of fats is important in the diet as it also helps in formation of cell membranes and production of more energy.

Sports nutrition also advocates for supplements. The supplements may either be vitamins, minerals or even amino acids supplements. As much as our bodies have different hormones and metabolic processes, sometimes they cannot produce all the required elements in the body, some have to be taken artificially and that is where supplements come in. For instance if we look at minerals, there are a great number of tasks that they help in our bodies for example, transportation of oxygen, balancing the acidic and basic amounts in the blood, maintaining healthy bones and also activation of various enzymes in our bodies. All these processes are crucial and human beings especially the athletes cannot survive without these functions. The most important minerals that take part in these activities are mainly iron and calcium and the bodies don’t produce enough of these at times. That is where supplements come in. Dietary foods with these minerals must be included in the nutrition plan for athletes to ensure their bodies are fit and healthy for the purpose of incredible productivity.

I cannot forget to tell you about the essence of water and other energy drinks in the nutrition plan for athletes. Dehydration is very dangerous and that is why health specialists insist that we must always take a lot of water on a daily basis. Water is essential in all the metabolic process that take place in our bodies. The moment we become dehydrated, that is the point where our health is at risk. Therefore athletes also need water and other energy drinks to keep them hydrated during exercises. Energy drinks help in adding sugar to the body during exercise to avoid extreme fatigue by producing more energy to carry the athletes through the activity.

As much as all the above discussed aspects are important in the nutrition plan for athletes, the most important point here is that they should be taken in the right amounts in order to achieve the goal of keeping the athletes fit and productive.

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