Category Archives: Law

Court Visit – Observation Report


Court Visit – Observation Report

Task Description:

In the human services field you will most likely have some contact with the court and legal system. Many students are unaware of ‘real life’ court settings and procedures aside from impressions gain via television ‘law and order’ programs. Students will be required to undertake one visit (of approx. two to three hours duration) to the magistrate’s court in their local area and observe a number of cases. You may attend in a group with other students. However please keep your numbers to four students per court sitting to avoid overcrowding, discomfort to people appearing in court, and any inconvenience in the courtrooms. Students should locate a court that is nearest their place of residence.
Process and questions for the Observational Report:
You should plan to observe the court for at least two hours while it is in session. The report should contain yourobservations and critical reflections. Record when you attended, what court, and the type of case you observed. Summarize what the lawyers (or the defendant if there was no legal representation) argued or the witnesses testified to (if you observe a trial), and what the magistrate did or said (e.g. what types of questions did the magistrate ask the lawyers?). Did you understand what was happening at all times? Feel free to include comments about your impressions of the people and their work, the legal issues in the case, the parties, or the process in general. Do you have any comments about the relevance of the profiles of defendants (e.g. age, race, gender, dress)? Many people who attend court do not have legal representation – any observations on the impacts of having/not having representation? Is there a role for human services workers in the court system? Your report should contain any recommendations for improving the court system for marginalized groups.
References are welcome, but not required.

Comparison of insider trading laws in US and Israel


Subject Law
Topic: Comparison of insider trading laws in US and Israel

Paper details

The paper should include an introduction what is insider trading, historical view, theories supporting regulations, the law in each country, interpretation of law through caselaw, differences and similarities. Conclusion

Differentiate between the statues of limitations in the statute of repose


Differentiate between the statues of limitations in the statute of repose

26 CFR 1.172-1 – Net operating loss deduction.


26 CFR 1.172-1 – Net operating loss deduction

Law applicable to computations


1.172-1 Net operating loss deduction.
Beta! The text on the eCFR tab represents the unofficial eCFR text at ecfr.gov.

(a) Allowance of deduction. Section 172(a) allows as a deduction in computing taxable income for any taxable year subject to the Code the aggregate of the net operating loss carryovers and net operating loss carrybacks to such taxable year. This deduction is referred to as the net operating loss deduction. The net operating loss is the basis for the computation of the net operating loss carryovers and net operating loss carrybacks and ultimately for the net operating loss deduction itself. The net operating loss deduction shall not be disallowed for any taxable year merely because the taxpayer has no income from a trade or business for the taxable year.

(b) Steps in computation of net operating loss deduction. The three steps to be taken in the ascertainment of the net operating loss deduction for any taxable year subject to the Code are as follows:

(1) Compute the net operating loss for any preceding or succeeding taxable year from which a net operating loss may be carried over or carried back to such taxable year.

(2) Compute the net operating loss carryovers to such taxable year from such preceding taxable years and the net operating loss carrybacks to such taxable year from such succeeding taxable years.

(3) Add such net operating loss carryovers and carrybacks in order to determine the net operating loss deduction for such taxable year.

(c) Statement with tax return. Every taxpayer claiming a net operating loss deduction for any taxable year shall file with his return for such year a concise statement setting forth the amount of the net operating loss deduction claimed and all material and pertinent facts relative thereto, including a detailed schedule showing the computation of the net operating loss deduction.

(d) Ascertainment of deduction dependent upon net operating loss carryback. If the taxpayer is entitled in computing his net operating loss deduction to a carryback which he is not able to ascertain at the time his return is due, he shall compute the net operating loss deduction on his return without regard to such net operating loss carryback. When the taxpayer ascertains the net operating loss carryback, he may within the applicable period of limitations file a claim for credit or refund of the overpayment, if any, resulting from the failure to compute the net operating loss deduction for the taxable year with the inclusion of such carryback; or he may file an application under the provisions of section 6411 for a tentative carryback adjustment.

(e) Law applicable to computations.

(1) In determining the amount of any net operating loss carryback or carryover to any taxable year, the necessary computations involving any other taxable year shall be made under the law applicable to such other taxable year.

(2) The net operating loss for any taxable year shall be determined under the law applicable to that year without regard to the year to which it is to be carried and in which, in effect, it is to be deducted as part of the net operating loss deduction.

(3) The amount of the net operating loss deduction which shall be allowed for any taxable year shall be determined under the law applicable to that year.

(f) Electing small business corporations. In determining the amount of the net operating loss deduction of any corporation, there shall be disregarded the net operating loss of such corporation for any taxable year for which such corporation was an electing small business corporation under subchapter S (section 1371 and following), chapter 1 of the Code. In applying section 172(b)(1) and (2) to a net operating loss sustained in a taxable year in which the corporation was not an electing small business corporation, a taxable year in which the corporation was an electing small business corporation is counted as a taxable year to which such net operating loss is carried back or over. However, the taxable income for such year as determined under section 172(b)(2) is treated as if it were zero for purposes of computing the balance of the loss available to the corporation as a carryback or carryover to other taxable years in which the corporation is not an electing small business corporation. See section 1374 and the regulations thereunder for allowance of a deduction to shareholders for a net operating loss sustained by an electing small business corporation.

(g) Husband and wife. The net operating loss deduction of a husband and wife shall be determined in accordance with this section, but subject also to the provisions of § 1.172-7.

 

https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/26/1.172-1

 

 

laws


Laws
Write pros and cons of all laws that are actually part in the discussion of each chapter in the book. The book consists 10 chapters and there are so many laws in the book, but the laws that should be covered in this paper are the only laws discussed within the chapters.
 Instructions:
1- write the most two important advantages for each law.
2-write the most two important disadvantages for each law.
 3- write a short statement (2 to 3 sentences about each law indicating that each law is working or not, which means pros outweigh cons for each law. The ebook is attached within this inquiry.

Note: Number of pages determine according to the number of laws that going to be covered within the chapters.

Introduction to Business Law


Introduction to Business Law, Fourth Edition Jeffrey F. Beatty, Susan S. Samuelson, and Dean A. Bredeson

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Introduction to Business Law, Fourth Edition Jeffrey F. Beatty, Susan S. Samuelson, and Dean A. Bredeson

Ch1# 3 ETHICS

The greatest of all Chinese lawgivers, Confucius, did not esteem written laws. He believed that good rulers were the best guarantee of justice. Does our legal system rely primarily on the rule of law or the rule of people? Which do you instinctively trust more?

 

Ch2 #5
Many of America’s largest consumer product companies, such as Wal-Mart, Nike, and Land’s End, buy fabric produced in China by Fountain Set Holdings Ltd. Chinese government investigators recently discovered that Fountain Set has contaminate da local river by dumping dye waste in to it. What responsibility do U.S. companies have to ensure safe environmental practices by overseas suppliers?

 

Ch3 #4
Annie and Bart are coworkers. In fact, they share a cubicle wall. Recently, they were involved in a fender-bender in the company parking lot. Each blames the other for the accident, and the two have stopped speaking. Would you advise them to try to settle their dispute through arbitration, mediation, or with a traditional lawsuit? Why?

Ch4 #1
In the early 1970s, President Richard Nixon became embroiled in the Water gate dispute. He was accused of covering up a criminal break-in at the national headquarters of the Democratic Party. Nixon denied any wrong doing. A United States District Court judge ordered the president to produce tapes of conversations held in his office. Nixon knew that complying with the order would produce damaging evidence, probably destroying his presidency. He refused, claiming executive privilege. The case went to the Supreme Court. Nixon strongly implied that even if the Supreme Court ordered him to produce the tapes, he would refuse. What major constitutional issue did this raise?

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Order# FP652; Human rights and global justice


Order# FP652; Human rights and global justice

Please answer (choose) ONE of the following questions
1. ‘International human rights law is both practically and conceptually incapable of addressing poverty.’
Evaluate the above statement.
2. ‘The idea that individuals should not be discriminated against due to characteristics or features inherent to them, is one of the central notions upon which the international human rights law edifice is built. The paradox is, that notwithstanding this, international human rights law entrenches discrimination against women in the name of religion or custom.’
Evaluate the above statement.
3. ‘Global human rights enforcement mechanisms, be they treaty based or Charter based are simply not fit for purpose’.
Evaluate the above statement.
Dear writer,

– I am a master of law student in an English university. So, I would like UK writer not American writer please.
– I need to get distinction in this assignment of the module (Human rights and global justice), so if (Human rights Law) is not your specific area in law, lets change the writer from the beginning please as I had some problems and failed in the module in the last semester, and my order online was not useful last time and I wasted my time and money!

Notes:
1. Before you start writing, tell me what did you choose please.
2. Have a look at the attached files please. You will find these files:
* Module Introductory Pack, I sent you this file so as to depend (mostly) on the Reading and Resource Lists that the teacher depends on.
* Questions and Instructions, so as to choose one of the topics
3. Use as much references as you can please.
4. My assignment should be written in the UK system, it called OSCOLA , I didn’t find it in the options of Paper citation style! do you have an idea about that please?
5. Please, be careful of grammatical and spelling mistakes as I am not perfect in English language and it maybe hard to me to get them correct.
6. If I like your paper, I may choose you to write my dissertation in June.

Comparison chart of the Abrahamic Religions


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HIS 1111

Spring 2016 – Planned Due Dates B term

 

General Directions for Written Assignments – see the CONTENT tab.

Essay Assignments          75 points each due dates noted below for each assignment

  1. All assignments are to be typed (font size 12): always cite your sources (never use Wikipedia as a source). Use the dropbox when available.
  2. Be sure that your: a) complete name, b) course number, and c) time of your class is on assignments. You may single space/double space between paragraphs.  Staple multiple pages and/or print on both sides for in-class submissions.

Note that the textbook is a source, but when doing essay assignments, do not rely on the text exclusively!

I prefer that assignments be submitted via dropbox, not in class or via email attachment

Comparative Chart:

  • Chart may be designed within Word document (Insert, table, insert table: 4 columns, 26 rows) Remember font size 12!
  • Typed, cite your sources either in the respective cell or in a List of Sources at the end

 

Essay Assignment 1 – 75 pts   Due: March 24 (Thursday)   6pm

This assignment has several parts.

Read the excerpts from Hammurabi’s Code.  You do not need to answer the questions following the reading.  The reading includes laws and punishments, and other social details you will pick up as you read!

 

Part I – These questions need to be addressed in your response:

  1. Why are codes of law necessary? What purpose(s) is(are) there to the codification of law?
  2. Why have laws if they are not enforced?

Part II – Inspired by one of my former students, this part of the assignment calls for some creativity on your part!  Design 10 laws, and punishments, fitting for today!  Your laws would reflect current experiences, values, and necessary deterrence.   Why you chose the law/punishment should be part of your narrative for each.

 

Essay Assignment 2 – 75 pts        Due: April 5 (Tuesday) 6pm

 Rites and Rights of Passage

As we study some of the ancient societies such as the Greeks and Romans in lecture, we will encounter incidents of “when a child reaches a certain age”.  Given this concept of benchmarks in society, I feel it is good to review our own experiences to see if there are rites (ceremonies) or rights (entitlements) in our lives.  These events may be related to culture, tribe, religion, nationality/ethnic origins.  Some of these rites/rights may be based upon religious beliefs, some may be points/markers of age or maturity in a given tribe, culture, or society, and denote the achievement of responsibility or accountability. They can be celebrations marking specific maturity.  I am reasonably sure that all have observed some rite/right of passage.

 

How do you see these rites/rights of passage in your own life?  This is the point of the assignment. Our origins and backgrounds are necessarily different because our cultural heritage differs.  While it may overlap in some areas, we are each unique in our expression and the significance given these experiences.  Remember, these rites/rights are symbolic of the values of our civilization.  You may take a personal, or an academic/analytic approach to this assignment.

 

Comparison chart of the Abrahamic Religions – 100 pts                 Due April 19 (Tuesday)  6pm

I am presenting this assignment given the gravity of world circumstances these days, in order to foster a better understanding (as opposed to ignorance) of the role of religion in our secular Western civilization.  Since these particular groups form part of the body of study in Western Civilization I thought it would be a good assignment especially for our future in a world with more than 1.5 billion Muslims.

 

The Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam) serve as a major portion of the foundation of Western societal mores and values. At times these institutions have had a partnership with the prevailing government.  They have had an impact on the development of the character and image of Western civilization today.  In recent years, destruction of Christian churches in Ethiopia, Sudan, Nigeria, Egypt, and Iran took place because someone supposedly defamed a Qur’an or other questionable justifications.  A recent news item involves an Iranian, turned Christian minister, arrested, freed, and re-detained.  Islamophobia is a current buzz word in the West, and the image of many people is that Muslims are violent, intolerant terrorists.

 

This assignment requires that you compare or contrast these 3 religions using 25 factors (of your choice).  You may look at their beliefs, practices, religious structure, forms of and days of worship, the basis and aspects of law, gender responsibilities, music, dietary laws, clothing, the number of divisions within the specific religions.  You can look at aspects of faith that these religions profess and compare them.  One good source for the project is: Lewis Hopfke’s World Religions.

 

Format:   a typed chart (you can do this by designing a chart with 4 columns, 26 rows.  Use 1 column for each religion and I would put the religions in columns according to which appeared first! Use the first column to identify the item being considered.  Use the top row as a header to repeat from page to page as necessary.  The cells should expand as you type so that when reading across, the cell will be your discussion of each religion’s aspect of the factor you listed in column 1).

 

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