Category Archives: Logistics

Need Help-Sourcing Perception and Corporate Outsourcing


Need Help-Sourcing Perception and Corporate Outsourcing

Sourcing Perception and Corporate Outsourcing

Write a 12-15 pages topical paper, (cover page, abstract, references and attachments not counted in 12-15 page count) with citations. The subject of which is directly relevant to Purchasing and Acquisitions Management that clearly demonstrates a graduate level command of writing and critical thinking. Minimum of 8 scholarly references (WikiLeaks, Wikipedia and dictionaries are not scholarly references).

 

Topic: Sourcing Perception and Corporate Outsourcing

Sub Points:

  1. 1. Outsourcing

In recent years sourcing has become much more proactive than it once was. The organization’s information system allows supply managers to study the aggregation of its supply requirements.

 

  • Understanding what outsourcing entails and why companies outsource
  • Identify and define strategic issues to consider in deciding to outsource manufacturing
  • Explain why a company may favor making a product in-house.

 

  1. Sourcing

–     Understand the importance of the supplier selection process

–     Know where to find potential suppliers when developing a supply base

–     Evaluate potential suppliers to determine their strengths and capabilities.

–     Know when to bid competitively versus negotiate with suppliers

 

  1.     Global Supply Management

–     Explain why global sourcing is here for the long term

–    Understand and identify how companies benefit from buying globally

–     Recognize potential issues that can arise in buying globally

Help Captiva Conglomerat-CASE STUDY ANALYSISe


Help Captiva Conglomerat-CASE STUDY ANALYSISe

Week 6 – Captiva Conglomerate

Due Sep 24 by 11:59pm

  • Points 100
  • Submitting a text entry box or a file upload (Turnitin enabled)
  • Available Aug 14 at 12am – Sep 24 at 11:59pm about 1 month

Captiva Conglomerate case (p. 194). Students will perform an analysis and assessment of the case that addresses the following:

  • A summary of the major facts surrounding the case
  • A narrative discussion pointing out the major problem
  • List a minimum of 3 possible alternatives that Captiva can employ to resolve the problem and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each.

This paper should be completed in the Mandatory Format Forr Case Analysis, “typed” in Microsoft Word, double spaced, and not to exceed two pages. Submit your assignment here.

 

OUTLINE FOR CASE STUDY ANALYSIS

 

Please provide your full name on each page of your response to each case.

Case Name:

  1. Major Facts

(State the major facts as you see them.  Make statements clear and concise for your own understanding from reading the case.  You can make assumptions and extrapolations, but do not use these as facts.)

  1. Major Problem

(State the major problem as you see it.  Emphasize the present major problem.  You may wish to phrase your problem statement in the form of a question.  In some cases, more than one major problem may exist.  A good problem statement should be concise – preferably only one sentence.)

III.       Possible Solutions

  1. (List the possible solutions to the major problem. From your reading of the textbook, class notes, and other relevant materials [e.g., Internet sources, Webster Library references], identify, recommend, and defend alternative solutions to the major and any related problems.  You also may state your rationale for not choosing a particular solution.)
  2. (Do not limit yourself to only one or two possible solutions. These solutions, however, should be distinct from each other.)
  3. (You may wish to include portions of one solution in another solution, as long as each solution is independent. Only in this manner will your subsequent choice be definitive.)
  4. (Briefly note advantages and disadvantages of each possible/probable solution.)
  5. Implementation

(When requested, prepare a plan to implement your choice)

 

Each case should be two-pages, double-spaced, in length. Please limit your response to three pages.

Help Captiva Conglomerat-CASE STUDY ANALYSIS

Need Help-Sourcing Perception and Corporate Outsourcing


Sourcing Perception and Corporate Outsourcing

Write a 12-15 pages topical paper, (cover page, abstract, references and attachments not counted in 12-15 page count) with citations. The subject of which is directly relevant to Purchasing and Acquisitions Management that clearly demonstrates a graduate level command of writing and critical thinking. Minimum of 8 scholarly references (WikiLeaks, Wikipedia and dictionaries are not scholarly references).

 

Topic: Sourcing Perception and Corporate Outsourcing

Sub Points:

  1. 1. Outsourcing

In recent years sourcing has become much more proactive than it once was. The organization’s information system allows supply managers to study the aggregation of its supply requirements.

 

  • Understanding what outsourcing entails and why companies outsource
  • Identify and define strategic issues to consider in deciding to outsource manufacturing
  • Explain why a company may favor making a product in-house.

 

  1. Sourcing

–     Understand the importance of the supplier selection process

–     Know where to find potential suppliers when developing a supply base

–     Evaluate potential suppliers to determine their strengths and capabilities.

–     Know when to bid competitively versus negotiate with suppliers

 

  1.     Global Supply Management

–     Explain why global sourcing is here for the long term

–    Understand and identify how companies benefit from buying globally

–     Recognize potential issues that can arise in buying globally

Logistics (System) Management


Logistics (System) Management

Take Home Questions (Part I)

 All answers should be TYPED.

1. Farm Supplies, Inc. sells water pumps. The annual demand for pumps is 600 units. The ordering cost is $200 per order and the carrying cost is 20% of the unit price. Its supplier, North Manufacturing, offers discounts as shown in the following table

Order Quantity             Unit Price

Up to 99          $150

100 up to 199 $145

200 and more $140

QA1. If the lowest price ($140) WERE available to all units, what would the optimal order quantity (EOQ) have been?

QA2. Consider the next lower price ($145/unit) and its related Break Point requirement (100 units or more). What will be the BEST order quantity for this price range (not necessarily the same as EOQ)? [Please make sure it is feasible.]

QA3. Based on this discount schedule, please demonstrate your calculations how you determine the total costs under those appropriate order quantities and relevant prices. What would the optimal order quantity that leads to the lowest total relevant costs (inventory carrying, order setup, and purchase costs) be?

QA4. The logistics manager at Lonestar Packing Company is considering freight consolidation program for serving the Kansas market. The program would involve the small-volume customers located in Hays, Manhattan, Salina, and Great Bend. The proposal is to hold all orders from these areas for several weeks in order to realize lower transportation charges. Currently all orders are shipped LTL directly from Forth Worth, Texas to their destinations in Kansas. Average biweekly orders (one period) from the Kansas territory are as follows

 

Average biweekly orders (# of cases) Weight (cwt) biweekly Weight (cwt) if Holding 2 Periods Weight (cwt) if Holding 3 Periods
Hays 300
Manhattan 250
Salina 300
Great Bend 150

 

The average case weights 40 pounds. Orders could be (i) shipped in the biweekly period that they are received, (ii) held-and-shipped after two biweekly order periods, or (iii) held-and-shipped after three biweekly order periods. The potential loss of sales has been estimated at$1.05 per case for each additional biweekly period that orders are held. Transportation rates to Kansas are given as

 

Truck AQ* >= 100 cwt >= 200 cwt >= 400 cwt
Hays 12.78 5.19 4.26 3.06
Manhattan 12.78 5.19 4.26 2.22
Salina 10.26 4.08 3.42 2.46
Great Bend 12.27 4.98 4.08 2.94

*Any quantity less than 10000 lb

Here, the logistics manager establishes the following spreadsheet table(s) to calculate the total transportation cost, total lost sales cost, total costs for each approach (including any additional holding period), and the average cost per period – an Excel hint file is also provided in HW-Preview for your convenience. Please complete your calculations in the hint file, and use that to answer the following questions. You should also attach your Excel printout when turning the answers here.

QB1. Using the Current Approach (i), what would the total weight (cwt) for order shipment from Fort Worth to Great Bend be?

QB2. Based on the (i) Current Approach, (applying the Break-Weight concept) the order shipment from Fort Worth to Hays should be declared as what weight and applied with what transportation rate ($/cwt)?

QB3. Based on the (i) Current Approach, the transportation costs for order shipments from Fort Worth to Salina and Great Bend are respectively

 

 

 

QB4. Based on the (i) Current Approach, the Total transportation cost and Total Lost Sales Cost (only for those orders that need to be held beyond the current biweekly period) are respectively equal to?

QB5. Based on the (ii) Proposal 1 to Consolidate 1st Period Orders with 2nd period Orders before Shipping, what would the total weight for order shipment from Fort Worth to Hays be about?

QB6. Based on the (ii) Proposal 1 to Consolidate 1st Period Orders with 2nd period Orders before Shipping, the order shipment from Fort Worth to Hays should be declared as what weight and applied with what transportation rate ($/cwt)?

QB7. Based on the (ii) Proposal 1 to Consolidate 1st Period Orders with 2nd period Orders before Shipping, the Total transportation cost and Total Lost Sales Cost (only for those orders that need to be held beyond the current biweekly period) are respectively equal to?

QB8. Based on the (iii) Proposal 2 to Consolidate 1st, 2nd, and 3rd period Orders before Shipping, the order shipment from Fort Worth to Salina should be declared as what weight and applied with what transportation rate ($/cwt)?

QB9. Based on the (iii) Proposal 2 to Consolidate 1st, 2nd, and 3rd period Orders before Shipping, the Total transportation cost and Total Lost Sales Cost (only for those orders that need to be held beyond the current biweekly period) are respectively equal to?

QB10.  After comparing the Average Costs per Period for (i) Current Approach, (ii) Proposal 1, and (iii) Proposal 2, what would be the best option?

  1. Short Answer: It is commonly understood that typically the inventory level is increasing with the customer service to be achieved. However, recently there is an industry emphasis on increasing customer service while reducing inventory investment simultaneously. Please explain the tools or approaches that could make this paradox possible by giving appropriate examples.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Alamo Automotive Company purchases two component parts from three different suppliers. No one suppler can meet all the company’s needs. In addition, the suppliers charge different prices for the components. Component price data (FOB destination at Alamo, in price $ per unit) are as follows:
Component purchased from Supplier 1 from Supplier 2 from Supplier 3
1 $12 $13 $14
2 $10 $11 $10
Total capacity (units) 600 1000 800

 

Each supplier has limited capacity in total as demonstrated in the last row above, but as long as Alamo provides sufficient advance orders, each supplier can devote the limited total capacity to component 1, component 2, or any combination of the two components.

 

If Alamo’s production plan for the next period for the next period includes 1000 unites of component 1 and 800 units of component 2, what purchases do you recommend? That is, how many units of each component should be ordered from each supplier? What is total purchase cost for the components? You can address this Linear Programming problem in the following separate steps.

QD1. Please clearly define all decision variables.

D2. Using the variables defined, please give the objective function.

QD3. Please give the constraints for the problem.

 QD4.  Please solve this linear programming problem using either Excel Solver or QM-for-Windows [by attaching your printout as well]. What would be the optimal purchasing plan, and the total purchase cost?

 1. (Graduate Student only) The B&S Company manufactures small engines at three different plants. From the plants, the engines are transported to two different warehouse facilities before being distributed to three wholesale distributors. The per-unit manufacturing cost at each plant is shown in the following table in addition to the minimum required and maximum available daily production capacities, if each plant is ever used. It is NOT required to use all plants.

Plant Mfg. Cost ($/unit) Minimum Req’d Production (units) Maximum Production Capacity (units)
1 $13 150 500
2 $15 150 500
3 $12 150 400

 

The unit cost of transporting engines from each plant to each warehouse is shown in the first three columns of following table, while the unit cost of shipping engines from each warehouse to each distributor is shown in the last four columns along with the daily demand for each distributor:

From/to Warehouse1 Warehouse2 From/to Distrib.1 Distrib.2 Distrib.3
Plant
1 $7 $5 Warehouse1 $8 $5 $7
2 $3 $4 Warehouse2 $5 $6 $10
3 $5 $6 Demandà 300 units 600 units 100 units

Distributor 1 clearly states that they require “single-sourcing” – they would like to receive shipments from single warehouse only, not multiple warehouses. The transportation carrier serving the Plant1-Warehouse2 corridor requires that you ship either at least 150 units or nothing, due to the equipment utilization concern. The fixed (minimum) transport fee is $800 for this corridor, on top of which the original $/unit of transportation cost is levied. B&S would like to design a production and shipment plan to minimize the total manufacturing and shipment costs, while conforming to various capacity, demand, flow, and sourcing requirements above.

QE1. Please draw a network representation and clearly define all decision variables.

QE2. Using the variables defined, please give the objective function.

QE3. Please give the constraints for the problem.

 QE4.  Please solve this integer linear programming problem using either Excel Solver or QM-for-Windows [by attaching your printout as well]. What would be the optimal production and shipment pattern, and the resulted total cost?

Hints for Questions D and E in Exam II – Part I (Linear and Integer Programming)

First, please take a look at the slides 4-17 of Chapter 6 lecture notes attached; and slides 23-27 of chapter 5.

You would see that the basic model set up of transportation problem in Chapter 6 could be applied to the purchasing problem (Question D) in the test.

Second, continuing from that to the transshipment model in Chapter 6, you would find the basic framework for Question E as well. Here you would need to define some continuous decision variables such as

Xij = units of product shipped from node i to node j.

However, to enforce single sourcing requirement, you would need to define one more TYPE of variables for whichever link involved, i.e.,

Yij = WHETHER to ship the product from node i to node j (1=yes, 0=no).

Third, following slides 23-27 of Chapter 5, you would need to implement the logical constraints to force Xij to satisfy the demand requirements at the destinations controlled by Yij, and use Yij to connect with each other, etc. For instance, if node j as a destination needs to be single-sourced from source nodes i=1,2,3, then:

Xij <= 1000000 * Yij   for i=1,2,3;  [I use 1000000 or any LARGE number, if that is a shipment quantity that Xij could never exceed]

Y1j + Y2j + Y3 j =1.

There might be a couple of other constraints that you need to include too.

 

Fourth, after you formulate the models for Questions D and E, please plug them into QM for Windows (the easiest), or Excel Solver (well, some Excel set up required). QM for Windows is available from
http://wps.prenhall.com/bp_taylor_introms_10/112/28870/7390752.cw/index.html
by clicking on QM-for-Windows.

You can click on Solve to get the optimal solutions.

Hope this helps.

 

Logistics (System) Management


Logistics (System) Management

Take Home Questions (Part I) 

All answers should be TYPED.

  1. Farm Supplies, Inc. sells water pumps. The annual demand for pumps is 600 units. The ordering cost is $200 per order and the carrying cost is 20% of the unit price. Its supplier, North Manufacturing, offers discounts as shown in the following table

Order Quantity             Unit Price

Up to 99          $150

100 up to 199 $145

200 and more $140

QA1. If the lowest price ($140) WERE available to all units, what would the optimal order quantity (EOQ) have been?

QA2. Consider the next lower price ($145/unit) and its related Break Point requirement (100 units or more). What will be the BEST order quantity for this price range (not necessarily the same as EOQ)? [Please make sure it is feasible.]

QA3. Based on this discount schedule, please demonstrate your calculations how you determine the total costs under those appropriate order quantities and relevant prices. What would the optimal order quantity that leads to the lowest total relevant costs (inventory carrying, order setup, and purchase costs) be?

  1. The logistics manager at Lonestar Packing Company is considering freight consolidation program for serving the Kansas market. The program would involve the small-volume customers located in Hays, Manhattan, Salina, and Great Bend. The proposal is to hold all orders from these areas for several weeks in order to realize lower transportation charges. Currently all orders are shipped LTL directly from Forth Worth, Texas to their destinations in Kansas. Average biweekly orders (one period) from the Kansas territory are as follows

 

  Average biweekly orders (# of cases) Weight (cwt) biweekly Weight (cwt) if Holding 2 Periods Weight (cwt) if Holding 3 Periods
Hays 300      
Manhattan 250      
Salina 300      
Great Bend 150      

 

The average case weights 40 pounds. Orders could be (i) shipped in the biweekly period that they are received, (ii) held-and-shipped after two biweekly order periods, or (iii) held-and-shipped after three biweekly order periods. The potential loss of sales has been estimated at$1.05 per case for each additional biweekly period that orders are held. Transportation rates to Kansas are given as

 

  Truck AQ* >= 100 cwt >= 200 cwt >= 400 cwt
Hays 12.78 5.19 4.26 3.06
Manhattan 12.78 5.19 4.26 2.22
Salina 10.26 4.08 3.42 2.46
Great Bend 12.27 4.98 4.08 2.94

*Any quantity less than 10000 lb

 

Here, the logistics manager establishes the following spreadsheet table(s) to calculate the total transportation cost, total lost sales cost, total costs for each approach (including any additional holding period), and the average cost per period – an Excel hint file is also provided in HW-Preview for your convenience. Please complete your calculations in the hint file, and use that to answer the following questions. You should also attach your Excel printout when turning the answers here

QB1. Using the Current Approach (i), what would the total weight (cwt) for order shipment from Fort Worth to Great Bend be?

QB2. Based on the (i) Current Approach, (applying the Break-Weight concept) the order shipment from Fort Worth to Hays should be declared as what weight and applied with what transportation rate ($/cwt)?

QB3. Based on the (i) Current Approach, the transportation costs for order shipments from Fort Worth to Salina and Great Bend are respectively

QB4. Based on the (i) Current Approach, the Total transportation cost and Total Lost Sales Cost (only for those orders that need to be held beyond the current biweekly period) are respectively equal to?

QB5. Based on the (ii) Proposal 1 to Consolidate 1st Period Orders with 2nd period Orders before Shipping, what would the total weight for order shipment from Fort Worth to Hays be about?

QB6. Based on the (ii) Proposal 1 to Consolidate 1st Period Orders with 2nd period Orders before Shipping, the order shipment from Fort Worth to Hays should be declared as what weight and applied with what transportation rate ($/cwt)?

QB7. Based on the (ii) Proposal 1 to Consolidate 1st Period Orders with 2nd period Orders before Shipping, the Total transportation cost and Total Lost Sales Cost (only for those orders that need to be held beyond the current biweekly period) are respectively equal to?

QB8. Based on the (iii) Proposal 2 to Consolidate 1st, 2nd, and 3rd period Orders before Shipping, the order shipment from Fort Worth to Salina should be declared as what weight and applied with what transportation rate ($/cwt)?

QB9. Based on the (iii) Proposal 2 to Consolidate 1st, 2nd, and 3rd period Orders before Shipping, the Total transportation cost and Total Lost Sales Cost (only for those orders that need to be held beyond the current biweekly period) are respectively equal to?

QB10.  After comparing the Average Costs per Period for (i) Current Approach, (ii) Proposal 1, and (iii) Proposal 2, what would be the best option?

  1. Short Answer: It is commonly understood that typically the inventory level is increasing with the customer service to be achieved. However, recently there is an industry emphasis on increasing customer service while reducing inventory investment simultaneously. Please explain the tools or approaches that could make this paradox possible by giving appropriate examples.
  1. Alamo Automotive Company purchases two component parts from three different suppliers. No one suppler can meet all the company’s needs. In addition, the suppliers charge different prices for the components. Component price data (FOB destination at Alamo, in price $ per unit) are as follows:
Component purchased from Supplier 1 from Supplier 2 from Supplier 3
1 $12 $13 $14
2 $10 $11 $10
Total capacity (units) 600 1000 800

 

Each supplier has limited capacity in total as demonstrated in the last row above, but as long as Alamo provides sufficient advance orders, each supplier can devote the limited total capacity to component 1, component 2, or any combination of the two components.

 

If Alamo’s production plan for the next period for the next period includes 1000 unites of component 1 and 800 units of component 2, what purchases do you recommend? That is, how many units of each component should be ordered from each supplier? What is total purchase cost for the components? You can address this Linear Programming problem in the following separate steps.

 

QD1. Please clearly define all decision variables.

QD2. Using the variables defined, please give the objective function.

QD3. Please give the constraints for the problem.

QD4.  Please solve this linear programming problem using either Excel Solver or QM-for-Windows [by attaching your printout as well]. What would be the optimal purchasing plan, and the total purchase cost?

  1. (Graduate Student only) The B&S Company manufactures small engines at three different plants. From the plants, the engines are transported to two different warehouse facilities before being distributed to three wholesale distributors. The per-unit manufacturing cost at each plant is shown in the following table in addition to the minimum required and maximum available daily production capacities, if each plant is ever used. It is NOT required to use all plants.
Plant Mfg. Cost ($/unit) Minimum Req’d Production (units) Maximum Production Capacity (units)
1 $13 150 500
2 $15 150 500
3 $12 150 400

 

The unit cost of transporting engines from each plant to each warehouse is shown in the first three columns of following table, while the unit cost of shipping engines from each warehouse to each distributor is shown in the last four columns along with the daily demand for each distributor:

From/to Warehouse1 Warehouse2   From/to Distrib.1 Distrib.2 Distrib.3
Plant              
1 $7 $5   Warehouse1 $8 $5 $7
2 $3 $4   Warehouse2 $5 $6 $10
3 $5 $6   Demandà 300 units 600 units 100 units

Distributor 1 clearly states that they require “single-sourcing” – they would like to receive shipments from single warehouse only, not multiple warehouses. The transportation carrier serving the Plant1-Warehouse2 corridor requires that you ship either at least 150 units or nothing, due to the equipment utilization concern. The fixed (minimum) transport fee is $800 for this corridor, on top of which the original $/unit of transportation cost is levied. B&S would like to design a production and shipment plan to minimize the total manufacturing and shipment costs, while conforming to various capacity, demand, flow, and sourcing requirements above.

QE1. Please draw a network representation and clearly define all decision variables. 

QE2. Using the variables defined, please give the objective function.

QE3. Please give the constraints for the problem.

QE4.  Please solve this integer linear programming problem using either Excel Solver or QM-for-Windows [by attaching your printout as well]. What would be the optimal production and shipment pattern, and the resulted total cost?

 

Physical Security


 The University of Akron

Summit College: Criminal Justice Program

 Physical Security

 Physical Protection System Project Guideline

Students will design a PPS for a physical facility.  Students will complete the project in segments, from system objectives through final design and evaluation of the PPS.  All documents for this semester-length project must be kept in a three ring binder.  The binder will be submitted to the instructor on the final day of class.  Students will present their system design to the class at that time.

Project Design Process:

 Select the subject facility to be studied and contact the facility owners/managers for permission to survey the site and building(s). Ask for permission to interview the facility owners/managers for insight about the facility, current security measures of the facility and future security measures of interest to the owners/managers.

  • Follow the PPS design process as defined on page 4 of the course textbook (Figure 1.1).
  • Interview the owners/managers of the selected facility. Document their insights as bullet points for use in designing an effective and cost efficient PPS.

 

  • Survey the selected site using a survey form of your choice to determine facility characterization, threat definition and target identification.
  • Note: surveys are most effective when the owners/managers accompany the surveyors, answering questions and providing further insight about the facility, past security issues, current security concerns, etc.
  • Determine the system objectives of your PPS design by analyzing the results of your survey…
    • Facility characterization:
      • Constraints, expected performance, operation and circumstances.
    • Threat definition:
      • Design basis threat and threat statement.
    • Target identification:
      • People, property, physical assets, information, brand reputation, prototypes.
      • Critical assets: what can they not live without?
  • Design an effective and efficient PPS…
    • The security triangle: technology, people and governance.
    • Physical barriers and electronic detectors.
    • Layers of protection: concentric circles
    • Functions: deter, detect, delay, communicate, assess, respond and thwart!
    • Design a performance based system – not a feature based system.
    • System components: exterior sensors, interior sensors, controls, transmission systems, entry control, monitoring/assessment components, alarm communication and display, lighting, response forces, physical barrier products.
    • Systems integration: how will it all work together?
  • Analyze and evaluate your PPS design…
    • Review adversary paths.
    • Verify system performance via effectiveness measures (simulations).
    • Critical path analysis.
    • Revise and improve your design as necessary to maximize efficiency and effectiveness.

 

  • Write your project report…
    • Double spaced.
    • No more than five pages.
    • Include floor plans, site plans or other appropriate graphic demonstrations of your PPS design.
    • Include references as appropriate.
  • Present your PPS design to the class…
    • PowerPoint slides not required but highly recommended.

 

 

 

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