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Need help-MGT 265. International Relations Assignment

Need help-MGT 265. International Relations Assignment



Need help-MGT 265. International Relations Assignment

This assignment is worth 30% of the overall grade for the course so it should be taken seriously and a substantial amount of your work should be devoted towards it. You may utilize external resources such as online searches, journals, texts, and archived newspapers in answering these question sets. Be sure to give proper attribution by referencing and citing any borrowed work that you utilize in answering these question sets and follow the MLA or APA style for your works cited page and in-text citations. Utilize 12 point font, preferably Times New Roman or Arial. Your work should be single spaced and your ideas broken up into appropriate paragraphs. You may use 1 inch margins all around. There are 13 broad question sets for each of the first 13 chapters that need to be answered. Utilize approximately 1/2 – 1 page worth of material for each question set.


Chapter 1 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

The textbook identifies three categories of non-state actors: intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs). Provide two examples of organizations in each category – don’t use the examples provided in Table 1.2. Traditionally, international relations focused most heavily on the relations of governmental states with each other, but with the rising importance of non-state actors, we need to look beyond state-to-state relations. Why?


Chapter 2 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

As Chapter 2 points out, political realism focuses on the role of power in determining how states interact with each other and strive to achieve their national interests. How does the political realism perspective help explain what is happening in Syria these days, where there is a clear power struggle between Shiite Muslims (President Assad is a Shiite, supported by Iran and Russia. Only 13% of the population is Shiite), Sunni Muslims (the 74% of Syrians are Sunnis; ISIS is Sunni, and a major goal they have is to remove the Shiites from power) and Kurds (a cohesive minority comprising 10-15% of the population, who have been fighting for a separate homeland for decades)?


Chapter 3 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

Short of military action, should legislatures play a significant role in other foreign policy areas such as economic sanctions, immigration, or military alliances? How are these foreign policy issues similar or different than questions of using military force?


Chapter 4 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

While there is general consensus in the industrialized countries that women should play roles equal to those played by men, in large parts of the world, implementing gender equality is very difficult. Why? Provide examples.


Chapter 5 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

Historically, wars were triggered by border/geographic conflicts, conflicts over resources, and ideological conflicts. Looking at each of these sources of conflict, how likely is it that China and the United States will find themselves in a serious conflict situation that can lead to war? How likely is it that Russia and the USA will find themselves in a serious conflict situation that can lead to war?


Chapter 6 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

Historically, great conflicts were fought by the armies, navies and (in recent times) air forces of the opposing forces. The countries that had the advantage were those that were bigger, richer, and militarily stronger. Today, the USA is the biggest, richest, and most militarily powerful country in the world, but it is having difficulty employing its power effectively in places like the Middle East, Africa, and Ukraine. Why?


Chapter 7 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

Any legal system must be capable of carrying out three functions: 1) writing laws (typically done through legislatures), 2) adjudicating laws (typically done through the courts), and enforcing laws (for example, through the use of police). It is generally acknowledged that international law is not as strong as national law because its great ineffectiveness in carrying out one of the three functions described above. Which is it? Why does this weakness hamper the effectiveness of international law?


Chapter 8 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

In the United States, many citizens are unhappy about entering into multilateral trade agreements (e.g., NAFTA) because they see them as exporting good jobs to low wage countries, and encouraging cheap imports which harm higher priced American goods. They prefer a policy of protectionism, where American goods are protected against foreign competition. While protectionism may be appropriate in specific situations, what are its deficiencies as a general policy?


Chapter 9 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) occurs when investors from one country invest in building business capabilities in another. For example, when the Nike shoe company invested in building shoe factories in southern China, it engaged in FDI. While FDI is an important vehicle for helping countries to grow economically, it also has its downside. What are problems frequently associated with FDI?


Chapter 10 Question Set: ((Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

As of 2016, the European Union (EU) was comprised of 28 countries. The Euro Zone (EZ) is comprised countries that agree to use the Euro currency as their national currency. Nineteen EU countries belong to the EZ. The UK and Sweden are particularly noteworthy as affluent, industrialized countries that opted not to join the EZ. What are the advantages and disadvantages for a union of distinct countries to adopt a single currency, as is the case with the EZ?


Chapter 11 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

How is global pollution closely tied to the economic growth of countries and population growth?


Chapter 12 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

Many of Europe’s strongest economies (e.g., France, Germany, the UK) have been open to immigration of men and women from poorer countries. The French and English, for example, offered special conditions to immigrants from their former colonies. During the explosive growth of immigration from war-torn, economically ruined countries in Africa and the Middle East, hundreds of thousands of desperate immigrants poured into Europe in search of jobs, safety and stability. How can immigration serve the interests of European host countries? How can they harm their interests?


Chapter 13 Question Set: (Approximately 1/2 – 1 page answer)

A key strategy for East Asian economies was to strengthen their economic capabilities through export-driven growth. Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and China each employed this strategy. It worked well for them. What does export-driven growth entail? Why have non-East Asian countries have had difficulty in using it to replicate the earlier successes of the East Asian countries?

Need help-MGT 265. International Relations Assignment

Need Help-HIST 120: Civil Rights Movement Assignment

Need Help-HIST 120: Civil Rights Movement Assignment 

HIST 120: Civil Rights Movement Assignment

Dr. Robert Morrow Fall 2016 Due: September 20

Follow these steps to complete this assignment:

1. Select one of the civil rights activists’ primary sources that we read for this week: • Anne Moody, The Jackson Sit-In • Fannie Lou Hamer and Rita Schwerner, Testimony Before the Democratic National Convention • Sheyann Webb, Selma

2. Write one paragraph that shows how that activist’s experience fits with Martin Luther King, Jr.’s principles of nonviolent resistance. Below are a questions to help you focus your analysis: • Did the activist’s experience fit with the characteristics of nonviolent resistance? • Was the activist able to meet the demands that King said nonviolent resistance demanded? • Was there any sign that nonviolent resistance worked as King said it would?

3. Type up your paragraph and be sure that it conforms to these rules: • It must be typed, double-spaced, with your name at the top of the page. • It must begin with a topic sentence that in one sentence answers the question. • It must explain why you answer the question the way you do by using specific facts from the activist’s document. • It must be written entirely in your own words. USE NO QUOTATIONS. • It must have be at least six sentences in length. • Every sentence should relate to the topic sentence. • Identify the source of the evidence and explain who the activist(s) was/were was at the beginning of the paragraph. • For each piece of evidence you must make clear how this fact or facts relate(s) to and support(s) the topic sentence.

4. You must submit your paper on Blackboard: • The paper is due by 11:00 p.m. on September 20 • Submit your paper in a format compatible with Microsoft Word for Mac 2011. Note: Rich Text Format is a common format that is compatible with this standard. • The link for submitting it is under the Writing Assignments section in a folder labeled “Civil Rights Movement Assignment.” In that folder is a link labeled “Submit the Civil Rights Movement Assignment.” • IMPORTANT: If something goes wrong submitting it on Blackboard, email me a copy as an MS Word file. Do not just wait until you are next in class to tell me that you had a problem; I will count your paper as late. • The grades of all late papers will be lowered two full letter grades (for example, an A paper becomes a C paper if it is late). And I will not accept the papers more than one week late.


The Civil Rights Movement, Part 1
Class Notes
Section 002

Grievances of Southern Blacks / Dimensions of Racism in the South

  • They couldn’t buy land
  • When greeting a white person, blacks were expected to avert their eyes–deferential
  • Voting registrars could determine if applicant was qualified to vote
  • Black men could not complement a white women
  • White men thought black men had lust for white women; if a black man said anything sexual, could be lynched
  • Elementary schools were only open in the winter—not needed for field work
  • Whites & blacks couldn’t dine, drink or dance together—or even in their own homes
  • Blacks had to call whites Mr. & Mrs.; whites call blacks boy, auntie
  • White men could have sex with black women, held white women on a pedestal—de-sexualized them
  • Blacks had to take a literacy test/pay poll taxes to be able to vote; could raise poll tax to keep them from voting
  • Housing was built poorly, bad materials
  • Public toilets, drinking fountains segregated by race








Chronology of the Civil Rights Movement

1954           Brown

1955           Montgomery Bus Boycott

1957           Little Rock school desegregation

1960           Sit-ins

1961           Freedom Riders

1963           Birmingham campaign

March on Washington


Need Help-HIST 120: Civil Rights Movement Assignment 

Prep Paper
For September 13
The Civil Rights Movement, Part 2

Reading: Takin’ It to the Streets Reader:
“‘Keep on Walkin’” (Introduction), Chs.1 – 4

Ch. 1: “The Power of Nonviolence”

When was this source produced and under what circumstances?  
Who produced this source?  
What purpose was this source created to serve?  
Who was the audience for this source?  
What is the point of view of this source?  


Ch. 2: “The Jackson Sit-in”

When was this source produced and under what circumstances?  
Who produced this source?  
What purpose was this source created to serve?  
Who was the audience for this source?  
What is the point of view of this source?  


Ch. 3: “Testimony before the Democratic National Committee”

When was this source produced and under what circumstances?  
Who produced this source?  
What purpose was this source created to serve?  
Who was the audience for this source?  
What is the point of view of this source?  


Ch. 4: “Selma”

When was this source produced and under what circumstances?  
Who produced this source?  
What purpose was this source created to serve?  
Who was the audience for this source?  
What is the point of view of this source?  


Need Help-HIST 120: Civil Rights Movement Assignment 



Human Resource Management (HRM)

Human Resource Management (HRM)

Human Resource Management (HRM) is responsible for hiring, training and developing staff and where necessary discipline or dismiss them. The employees reach their full potential through effective training and development offered by the HR department in an organization. By so doing there is a significant reduction in need for external recruitment thereby making maximum use of existing talent. This is a cost-effective way for an organisation to manage its employees.

The HRM department does not only manage the existing staff, it also makes plans for changes that will impact on its future staffing needs I a process known as workforce planning. For instance an organisation may use new technology that requires new skills such as global positioning equipment or a staff retiring or be promoted thus leaving gaps that require to be filled.

External changes in the labour market may arise whose end result implies that the available skills could be fewer or too many in a particular field. HRM keeps on monitoring all of these things in a bid to plan recruitment strategy. This centrally places the HRM role in the business because managers depend on this expertise to acquire staff.


Among the programs that comprise the HRM process include the human resource planning, selection, recruitment and professional development.  The human resource planning, though often neglected is a very important function in an oganisation. The planning function involves defining the goals of the bsiness, coming up with a strategy to achieve those goals and establishing a comprehensive set of plans to integrate and coordinate activities. The importance of this goal follows from the nature of organizations as purposive. Planning activities can be simple or complex, personal or impersonal explicit or implicit. For example the HR manager forecasting demand for a business’s human resources may rely on casual conversation with HR personnel in the field complex econometric models. Good HR planning involves meeting current and future personnel requirements. The manager makes sure that personnel requirements are met through ongoing analysis of performance objectives, available personnel, job requirements coupled with employment laws knowledge. Usually, businesses plan for their future requirements for equipment, building capacity, financing and supplies. Additionally, organisations must also plan that their needs for human resource are satisfied. HRM resource planning involves identifying staffing needs, available personnel forecasting and determination of the additions and replacements needed to maintain a desired quantity and quality staff to attain the organisation’s goals. The HRM planning function comprises of at least three different elements namely legal restraints, job analysis and forecasting demand and supply.

Job analysis

The details of the job are necessary so as to recruit and select the appropriate personnel for specific jobs. Job analysis involves obtaining information about jobs through a systematic job content examination. The analysis has two parts: a job description and a job specification. The written statement that gives the outline of the duties and responsibilities expected of a job incumbent. The written statement includes a job title the title of the incumbent’s immediate supervisor, a short statement of the job goal and the duties and responsibilities. On the other hand, a job specification is a document that provides the qualifications that a person requires in order to accomplish the duties and responsibilities laid down in the job description. Job analysis gives valuable information for forecasting future staffing requirements. For example appropriate recruitment and selection methods can be developed from the data produced by the job analysis to determine dimensions to evaluate personnel, develop training programs for personnel and jobs for compensation purposes.

Forecasting Demand and Supply

This phase of human resource planning entails using any number of sophisticated statistical procedures based on projections and analysis. Practically, forecasting demand involves determining the kinds and numbers of personnel that a business requires at some point in the near future. A number of managers put into consideration several factors when forecasting future personnel requirements.  The demand for the firm’s service or product is principal. Thus in a business, sales figures and markets are projected first and thereafter the personnel that should serve the said capacity is projected. Other factors put into consideration when forecasting the demand for personnel includes turnover due to resignations, terminations, budget constraints, retirement and transfers, new technology in the field, minority hiring goals and decisions to upgrade the quality of services provided. Forecasting supply involves determination of what personnel will be available. The sources are internal and external: people already employees of the firm and those outside the business. Managers consider such factors like promotion of employees from within the organisation, identification of the oranisation’s employees ready and able to be trained, availability of needed talent both locally and in the national labour markets. Other factors also include completion for talent within the field, trends in population and both college and university enrollments in the field. Monitoring of internal sources of employees to fill projected vacancies must be done. The use of systematic inventory of qualification of those personnel existing and the use of human audit facilitates this course. A human resource audit is an organisational chart of a unit or the whole organization with all positions shown and keyed as to the promotability of each role incumbent facilitates this endeavour.

For example when the president of finance gets promoted, the vice president of finance can now be promoted to become the finance president. But, before then, he requires further training before being ready for promotion. The person knows much in business management but lacks training in other aspects of the presidency for instance operations, personnel, sales, marketing and personnel administration. Some accountants under the vice president are promotable whereas others are either promotable or not or need additional training before getting the promotion.

Future requirements and potential of the administrative staff are identified now and weaknesses unearthed. The data produced can be of great importance to administrators in their planning mission for immediate promotion for personnel from within the organisation who are promotable, make plans for appropriate training and development of other employees or dismiss those whose services are unsatisfactory. If the organization does not have candidates to fill the vacancies, staffing specialist will typically analyse labour markets.

In conclusion the human resource planning starts with forecasting of the types and number employees needed to achieve the objectives of the organisation. Planning also comprises of job analysis which, includes preparation of job specifications and descriptions.


Employee Relations is defined as the body of work that concerns itself with maintaining employer-employee relationship that adds to satisfactory productivity, morale and motivation. Typically, employee relations concern itself with preventing and resolving problems that involve individuals arising out of or affect work situations.

Every person at the workplace shares a given relationship with his or her fellow workers. Unlike machines human beings cannot start working just at the push of a mere button. Each employee needs a person to talk to and discuss ideas with including sharing of happiness and sorrows. One cannot work on his own, you need people around. If the business is empty you will not feel like working or even seating there. An individual will usually be demotivated in an isolated environment and as such it is important that people are comfortable with each other and work together for a common goal. Therefore it is essential that employees have a healthy relation with each other at the place of work.


The state employment legislation greatly influences and shapes the field of HRM most of which is designed for the workers protection from abuse by their employees. As a matter of fact, compliance with regulations aimed at HRM departments is one of the most important responsibilities. The court rulings and laws can be can be categorised by their affect on the four primary HRM functional areas: development, maintenance, acquisition and compensation. Acts have been enacted which make it illegal the discrimination against potential recruits or employees on grounds of colour, race, sex, national origin and religion. It forces employers towards achieving, and document, fairness related to hiring, benefits, pay and virtually all the responsibilities that relate to human resource management. These legislations provide for civil penalties in the event of discrimination. These penalties include compelling a firm to implement an affirmative action program to impartially recruit and promote minorities that are underrepresented in the management of a company or its workforce.  The end result of all encompassing civil rights acts is that the human resource departments have to carefully design and document several procedures to ensure compliance or face penalties.

Additionally, there are laws affecting acquisition or resource planning and selection. These acts forbid wage or salary discrimination based on sex and authorises equal pay for equal work with a few exceptions.

The major legislations affecting the human resource department, training and development include such acts like the equal pay act, the civil rights act among other laws. There are laws that mandate employer compliance with restrictions that are related to overtime provisions, minimum wages, workplace safety and child labour.

Maybe the most regulated realm of the human resource and management is safety and health, employee/management relations. The safety and health act is designed to force employers to provide their staff with safe and healthy work conditions and making their organisations liable for their workers’ safety. Additionally, of importance are the state workers’ compensation legislations that require employers to make provisions to pay for injuries related to work and forces managers to create and document safety programs and procedures that reduce a firm’s liability.


A job description describes a group of like-positions for example an academic administrator or lecturer regardless of which institute or school each position resides in. A position description is very specific to a particular position in a particular department and may have duties and responsibilities, which are not captured in the generic job description.

A job clearly defines the content and purpose of a particular position or job that is, it gives the description of the reason the position exists and the specific contributions. It also describes the particular duties and responsibilities needed to be carried out by the job holder which allows them to achieve particular contributions defined by each key accountability statement.

Besides giving a clear an understanding and description of each position there are a number of other crucial uses for a job description that is well defined.

On the other hand, a person specification gives the minimum set of capabilities a person requires to possess so as to be appointed to a position. As such the primary use of a person specification assists in the new staff recruitment selection. A person specification normally addresses the minimum set of qualifications, skills, abilities, personal attributes, behaviours required to be considered for appointment to a position and knowledge.

The piece of information contained in the person specification is used to create a job advertisement and, more importantly, to confirm the evidence against and criteria, which applicant’s suitability for appointment is to be judged. Following to the appointment, the person specification is also used to commence the PRP process, and as a base for identifying the appointee’s training requirements.


The human resources selection process is vital because of the performance value and production companies get by making high-quality hires and the high costs of replacing employees following hires that may have been bad. The small businesses especially heighten these considerations. Human resource has taken on a more strategic role in many companies, with selection and hiring integral to that role.


Selection Criteria

Development of screening tools is one of the significant and sometimes under-valued selection processes. The ultimate objective of selection process is hiring a candidate who is the best match for the culture and job duties of the company. The HR professionals are aided by careful job analysis to better align selection tools with the job. The tools, interview questions and criteria that help yield the very best should be considered in the selection process.


When businesses make bad hires they pay to train and orient people who at the end of it all may cause more harm than good if they perform poorly and affects the workplace. The costs to replace bad hires are astronomical in many firms.

Legal concerns

States have become known as litigious societies making protection against discrimination lawsuits critical for hiring processes. Any misalignment between the selection criteria and the job can open the door for a candidate to claim discrimination. Laws that mandate equal opportunities for employees irrespective of such traits such as nationality, religion, disability, race, sexual orientation and age have been enacted.


The employees’ quality and their development through education and training are major factors that determine long-term profitability of businesses. If managers hire and keep good employees, it is good policy when they invest in the development of their skills, so as to increase their productivity.

Training usually is considered for new employees only. This is a misconception because continuous training for current employees aids them adjust to fast changing job requirements.

There are a number of reasons that underpin the growth and development of personnel. To begin with, it helps create a pool of readily available and enough replacements for personnel who may move up or leave the organisation. Secondly, it helps enhance the firm’s ability to adopt and use advances in technology because the company has a sufficiently knowledgeable staff. Additionally, it assists in building a more efficient and highly motivated team, which enhances the competitive position of the company and improves employee morale. Last but not least, it ensures adequate human resources for expansion into new programs.

In order to increase the commitment level of employees and growth of quality movement, senior management team has increased the role of staff training. Such concepts of human resource and management need careful planning as well as higher emphasis on long term education and employee development. Training is now an important tool of the human resource management in controlling the attrition rate since it helps in employee motivation towards achieving their personal and professional goals, increasing the level of job satisfaction and more. As a result training covers a multitude of courses and a variety of skill development. Training of work tasks is among the main aspects of staff training including professional knowledge and skills and principles at work. By offering employees these essentials, staff training aids personal abilities match with the requirements of the business. Training can be hugely demanding and should be in-depth; poor or lack of training brings out high employee turnover and delivery of services and products that are substandard.

Staff training is the key function as well as a significant part of human resource management and development; it is an important path of employee motivation and increasing productivity in a company. Staff training fosters teamwork in a company. An enterprise could train employees to be skilled or hire experienced staff. When a firm trains their own staff by forming and providing a harmonious atmosphere the passion of work and accurate work specification, team spirit will be built between management team and employees within the process.











Sociology paper

Sociology paper

Is the U.S. a surveillance society?  Airport computer scans of the body, Internet tracking cookies,  key stroke tracking, data mining of social and entertainment media, electronic eavesdropping, mass collection of phone data, and now, drones to spy on the outdoor space of private property, and continued state intrusion into family life, are all a part of Bentham’s panopticon to regulate human thought, emotion and behavior.  The private individual is no more – only homo publicus (the public human being) remains not knowing whether he or she is under surveillance.

Some established norms are arbitrary and capricious, that is, some group gained power at some point in history to impose its values on others. If we have moved to homo publicus should norms and its legal form, law, be reevaluated to decriminalize and destigmatize bodily expression and behaviors that are, and have been, relatively benign on the fabric of society.  To sustain individual liberty in the surveillance society, what were once private bodily expressions and behavior are now potentially public because there is less and less privacy due to the sophistication of technological surveillance methods by government, corporations and individual citizens.  Will social control of the surveillance society be offset by decriminalizing and destigmatizing bodily expression?

Write a paper exploring this issue.  Focus on a particular bodily behavior that is benignly deviant.  Benign deviance is the gray area  of life where the cultural norms (law) and social norms (what people actually do) is largely symbolic both authority and subjects have low congruence on the issue and conflict is less likely. When authority and subjects largely take opposing views on an issue there is high congruence; conflict is probable.  Social nudism, for example, is sure to pit its practitioners against the values of many religious groups. However, given that surveillance is a breach of privacy, we can hypothesize government and corporations condition nudism in high congruent conflict with religious groups in support of surveillance, a less conscious public.  For those who are endeared to surveillance, including, screenings that depict the nude body, there is low congruence between authority and nudism. You may choose your bodily expression of research interest.  Here are questions you might consider:

  • How would the decriminalization and/or destigmatization of individual behaviors influence social solidarity?
  • What adjustments would Americans have to make to function in a society where some private behavior is normalized as public behavior?
  • If forced, could Americans make such adjustments?
  • What would you personally have to give up and/or change about your lifestyle to live in a surveillance society?
  • If you had to, could you make such adjustments?
  • Finally, in which ways, if any, do think that American society and/or you would be better off without the surveillance society?
  • In which ways, would society and/or you be worse off?
  • How does Europe compare to the United States in terms of homo publicus? Latin America?  South America?  Middle East?  Africa?
  • What variables in each country give homo publicus bodily freedom compared to those countries where homo publicus is constrained by the surveillance society?
  • Evaluate whether the surveillance society as a social force pushes society to offset constraints to privacy by destigmatizing benign deviance in the public square (increasing individual liberty).
  • How could the surveillance society liberate a culture from antiquated norms or push cultural consensus toward a new morality based on actual harm as opposed to group preferences, opinions or traditions?

Paper format:

  • 4 to 6 pages of narrative. Does not include cover page, abstract, works cited, or graphics.
  • You must include at least 4 references and 4 citations.
  • Use APA to format your references, citations, and layout of your paper.
  • You can include charts, figures, etc.
  • Cover page with title, course, your name.
  • 1″ margins, 12 pt font, double-spaced, proper formatting and spacing.
  • Be sure to check your spelling and grammar.
  • Failure to have in-text citations and works cited
  • references will result in a “0” for

Project Deliverable 2: Business Requirements

Project Deliverable 2: Business Requirements

This assignment consists of two (2) sections: a business requirements document and a project plan. You must submit both sections as separate files for the completion of this assignment. Label each file name according to the section of the assignment it is written for. Additionally, you may create and / or assume all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment.

Documenting the existing IT network and system is an important first step, but you, the CIO, know that capturing the needed changes can be critical to your success as an executive. You know that procuring and documenting quality business requirements is an important step toward the design of quality information systems. Completion of a quality requirements document allows user needs and expectations to be captured, so that infrastructure and information systems can be designed properly. Using the requirements document provided in the course shell as a part of the requirements gathering process, you are to assess the needs of the company as it prepares to become a multinational organization. You must consider current and future trends and requirements; however, assumptions should be realistic and carefully considered. The needs of the organization should be documented. Later deliverables will focus on specifics of all requirements.

Section 1: Business Requirements Document

Write a four to six (4-6) page original business requirements document for the project plan using the attached Business_requirement_template .

Describe the project needs, including the following:

  1. Describe the scope and analyze how to control the scope.
  2. Speculate and give justifications for how to control scope.
  3. Identify possible risks, constraints, and assumptions.
  4. Describe the needed integration with other systems and infrastructure. Note: Database and Data Warehousing, Cloud Technology and Virtualization, and Network Infrastructure and Security.
  5. Assess the human capital that may be needed to complete the project, ensuring that necessary skill sets are identified.
  6. Speculate on possible outsourcing or offshoring needs that may be required to accomplish project.
  7. Define relevant terms that will be used throughout the project.
  8. Include cost projections for staffing, infrastructure, and other resources.
  9. Use at least two (2) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Section 2: Revised Project Plan

Use Microsoft Project to:

  1. Update the project plan (summary and detail) template, from Project Deliverable 1: Project Plan Inception, with three to five (3-5) new project tasks, each consisting of five to ten (5-10) subtasks.
  • Note: the project plan from Project Plan Inception assignment is attached.

The assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

McDonaldization of Society

McDonaldization of Society

Research (or ideally, READ) the book “McDonaldization of Society” written by George Ritzer, first edition in 1993. Look for a youtube video of a lecture or interview with George Ritzer.
Address the following in the essay:

1. In 2-3 paragraphs, summarize the main points in “McDonaldization of Society.”

2. What is McDonaldization? What are some examples of McDonaldization given in the book?

3. What are some of the advantages of McDonaldization? Discuss efficiency, calculability, predictability, and control.

4. What is rationality and how does it relate to Ritzer’s argument?

5. Do you think the advantages of McDonaldization outweigh the disadvantages? Explain.

6. Summarize a youtube video you watched of George Ritzer.

7. Research Max Weber’s view of bureaucracy (including pages 72-73 in our book). How is it similar/different to Ritzer’s use of McDonaldization?

8. List five (5) ways in your daily life that you could resist McDonaldizatio

Managing Dynamic Environments: MGT-521-20 …

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Managing Dynamic Environments: MGT-521-20 …
Folder.Module 14: How to Measure Success and Sustain the Gain
Module 14: Critical Thinking
Grade: N/A
View Grade Information. Opens a dialogue

SWOT Analysis

Choose an organization at which you are currently working or a Middle Eastern

A description of organization
Identify triggering event that might signal a need for change.
Conduct a SWOT analysis of the organization.
Identify a plan to implement the change.
Identify three strategies to sustain the gain.
Be sure to support your writing with at least 5 references. Your plan should be 4-6 pages long, well-written, and formatted according to APA University standards.
*****please tell me the company you choose before you start .

organization with which you are familiar. Include the following in your analysis:

Managing Dynamic Environments: MGT-521


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Accounting, Week 3

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Accounting, Week 3


  1. Use of Funds.What activities of the government are reported as being administered by internal service funds? (Note: Working capital funds, revolving funds, industrial funds, and intragovernmental service funds are other names used for funds of the type discussed in Chapter 7.) If internal service funds are not used by the reporting entity, does the report disclose how financing and accounting for activities such as purchasing, motor pools, printing, data processing, and other activities commonly used by more than one fund are handled? Does the report state the basis of accounting used for the internal service funds?
  2. Fund Disclosure.In the balance sheet(s) or statement(s) of net position displaying information for the internal service fund(s), are assets classified in accord with practices of profit-seeking businesses, or are current, capital, and other assets not separately displayed? If there are receivables other than from other funds or other governments, are allowances for estimated uncollectibles provided? Are allowances for depreciation deducted from related capital asset accounts?

Are current liabilities and long-term debt properly distinguished in the balance sheet? Are long-term loans from other funds properly distinguished from capital contributions received from other funds?

Are budgetary accounts (Estimated Revenues, Appropriations, Encumbrances) used by the internal service funds? From what sources were revenues actually obtained by each internal service fund? How are costs and expenses of each fund classified? Are noncash expenses, such as depreciation, separately disclosed? Do the revenues of each fund exceed the costs and expenses of the period? Compute the net income (or net loss) of each fund in this category as a percentage of its operating revenue for the period. Does the net income (or net loss) for any fund exceed 5 percent of operating revenues? If so, do the statements or the accompanying notes explain how the excess is being used or how the deficiency is being financed?

  1. Statement of Cash Flows.Is a statement of cash flows presented for internal service funds? If so, how does the cash provided by operations shown in this statement relate to the revenues and expenses shown in the statement of revenues, expenses, and changes in net position, or other similarly titled operating statement? Are cash flows from financing activities presented separately for noncapital- and capital-related activities? Is there a section for cash flows from investing activities?
  2. Government-wide Financial Statements.Is there a column for business-type activities on the statement of net position and statement of activities? Is there any evidence that the internal service fund account balances were collapsed into the Governmental Activities column? If enterprise funds are the predominant participants in the internal service fund, do you see evidence that the internal service fund balances are reported in the Business-type Activities column of the government-wide statements?





  1. Use of Funds. What activities of the government are reported as being administered by enterprise funds? Does the government own and operate its water utility? Electric utility? Gas utility? Transportation system? Are combining statements presented in the financial section of the CAFR for all enterprise funds, or are separate statements presented for each enterprise fund? Do all enterprise funds use accrual accounting? Are all funds in this category earning revenues at least equal to costs and expenses? If not, how is the operating deficit being financed? Do the notes include segment information on individual enterprise funds where applicable (see “Required Segment Information” section of this chapter)?

Are sales to other funds or other governments separately disclosed? Are there receivables from other funds or other governments? How are receivables from component units, if any, disclosed? Is there any evidence that enterprise funds contribute amounts to the General Fund in lieu of taxes to help support services received by the enterprise? Is there any evidence that enterprise funds make excessively large contributions to the General Fund or any other funds?


  1. Utility Funds.Is it possible to tell from the report whether utilities of this government are subject to the same regulations as investor-owned utilities in the same state? (If the utility statements use account titles prescribed by the NARUC and the FERC, as described in this chapter, there is a good chance that the governmentally owned utilities are subject to at least some supervision by a state regulatory agency.) What rate of return on sales (or operating revenues) is being earned by each utility fund? What rate of return on total assets is being earned by each utility fund?

Is depreciation taken on the utility plant? Are accounting policies and accounting changes properly disclosed? If so, what method of depreciation is being used? Does each utility account for its own debt service and construction activities in the manner described in this chapter? What special funds or restricted assets are utilized by each utility?

  1. Government-wide Financial Statements.What proportion of the net position of the business-type activities are reported as net investment in capital assets, restricted, and unrestricted? Were the business-type activities profitable; that is, did revenues exceed expenses?





Does the government operate a tax agency fund or participate in a tax agency fund operated by another government? Does the government act as an agent for owners of property within a special assessment district and for the creditors of those property owners? Does the government operate one or more pass-through agency funds? If so, describe.



Does the government operate, or participate in, a cash and investment pool? If so, is the pool operated as an investment trust fund? If there is a cash and investment pool and it is not reported as an investment trust fund, how is it reported? Explain.


Does the government operate one or more private-purpose trust funds? If yes, explain the purpose(s).



Does the report contain all of the introductory material recommended by the GASB? Is the introductory material presented in such a manner that it communicates significant information effectively—do you understand what the government is telling you? On the basis of your study of the entire report, do you think the introductory material presents the information fairly? Comment on any information in the introductory section you feel is unnecessary, and explain why.



  1. Do the statements, notes, and schedules in the financial section present the information required by the GASB? Are Total columns provided in the basic financial statements and schedules for the primary government and the reporting entity? If so, are the Total columns for the current year compared with Total columns for the prior year?
  2. Review your answers to the questions asked in Exercises 3–15 and 4–15 in light of your study of subsequent chapters of the text and your analysis of all portions of the annual report. Based on your current knowledge and understanding of government accounting, would you change or modify any of your earlier answers? If so, explain how you would change them and why you would change them.


Does the statistical section present information in the five categories defined by the GASB? What tables and schedules are presented for each category? Does the information provided in each category appear to meet the purpose of the category? Explain your response.





In your opinion, what are the most important information needs that a governmental annual report should fulfill for each of the following:

    1. Administrators.
    2. Members of the legislative branch.
    3. Interested residents.
    4. Creditors or potential creditors.

In what ways does the CAFR you have analyzed meet the information needs you have specified for each of the four groups, assuming that members of each group make an effort to understand reports equivalent to the effort you have made? In what way does the report fail to meet the information needs of each of the four groups?


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Order# DP4088; The Death of the Moth, Virginia Woolf

The Death of the Moth
Virginia Woolf
Moths that fly by day are not properly to be called moths; they do not excite that
pleasant sense of dark autumn nights
and ivy
blossom which the commonest
underwing asleep in the shadow of the curtain never fails to rouse in us.
They are hybrid creatures, neither gay like butterflies nor sombre like their own
species. Nevertheless the present specimen, with his narr
ow hay
coloured wings,
fringed with a tassel of the same colour, seemed to be content with life. It was a
pleasant morning, mid
September, mild, benignant, yet with a keener breath than
that of the summer months. The plough was already scoring the field op
posite the
window, and where the share had been, the earth was pressed flat and gleamed with
moisture. Such vigour came rolling in from the fields and the down beyond that it
was difficult to keep the eyes strictly turned upon the book. The rooks too were
keeping one of their annual festivities; soaring round the tree tops until it looked as
if a vast net with thousands of black knots in it had been cast up into the air; which,
after a few moments sank slowly down upon the trees until every twig seemed to
ave a knot at the end of it. Then, suddenly, the net would be thrown into the air
again in a wider circle this time, with the utmost clamour and vociferation, as
though to be thrown into the air and settle slowly down upon the tree tops were a
exciting experience.
The same energy which inspired the rooks, the ploughmen, the horses, and even, it
seemed, the lean bare
backed downs, sent the moth fluttering from side to side of
his square of the window
pane. One could not help watching him. One wa
s, indeed,
conscious of a queer feeling of pity for him. The possibilities of pleasure seemed that
morning so enormous and so various that to have only a moth’s part in life, and a
day moth’s at that, appeared a hard fate, and his zest in enjoying his meag
opportunities to the full, pathetic. He flew vigorously to one corner of his
compartment, and, after waiting there a second, flew across to the other. What
remained for him but to fly to a third corner and then to a fourth? That was all he
could do, in
spite of the size of the downs, the width of the sky, the far
off smoke of
houses, and the romantic voice, now and then, of a steamer out at sea. What he could
do he did. Watching him, it seemed as if a fibre, very thin but pure, of the enormous
energy of
the world had been thrust into his frail and diminutive body. As often as
he crossed the pane, I could fancy that a thread of vital light became visible. He was
little or nothing but life.
Yet, because he was so small, and so simple a form of the energy th
at was rolling in
at the open window and driving its way through so many narrow and intricate
corridors in my own brain and in those of other human beings, there was something
marvellous as well as pathetic about him. It was as if someone had taken a tiny
of pure life and decking it as lightly as possible with down and feathers, had set it
dancing and zig
zagging to show us the true nature of life. Thus displayed one could
not get over the strangeness of it. One is apt to forget all about life, seeing
it humped
and bossed and garnished and cumbered so that it has to move with the greatest
circumspection and dignity. Again, the thought of all that life might have been had
he been born in any other shape caused one to view his simple activities with a kin
of pity.
After a time, tired by his dancing apparently, he settled on the window ledge in the
sun, and, the queer spectacle being at an end, I forgot about him. Then, looking up,
my eye was caught by him. He was trying to resume his dancing, but seemed e
so stiff or so awkward that he could only flutter to the bottom of the window
and when he tried to fly across it he failed. Being intent on other matters I watched
these futile attempts for a time without thinking, unconsciously waiting for him
resume his flight, as one waits for a machine, that has stopped momentarily, to start
again without considering the reason of its failure. After perhaps a seventh attempt
he slipped from the wooden ledge and fell, fluttering his wings, on to his back o
n the
window sill. The helplessness of his attitude roused me. It flashed upon me that he
was in difficulties; he could no longer raise himself; his legs struggled vainly. But, as
I stretched out a pencil, meaning to help him to right himself, it came over
me that
the failure and awkwardness were the approach of death. I laid the pencil down
The legs agitated themselves once more. I looked as if for the enemy against which
he struggled. I looked out of doors. What had happened there? Presumably it wa
midday, and work in the fields had stopped. Stillness and quiet had replaced the
previous animation. The birds had taken themselves off to feed in the brooks. The
horses stood still. Yet the power was there all the same, massed outside indifferent,
sonal, not attending to anything in particular. Somehow it was opposed to the
little hay
coloured moth. It was useless to try to do anything. One could only watch
the extraordinary efforts made by those tiny legs against an oncoming doom which
could, had i
t chosen, have submerged an entire city, not merely a city, but masses of
human beings; nothing, I knew, had any chance against death. Nevertheless after a
pause of exhaustion the legs fluttered again. It was superb this last protest, and so
frantic that h
e succeeded at last in righting himself. One’s sympathies, of course,
were all on the side of life. Also, when there was nobody to care or to know, this
gigantic effort on the part of an insignificant little moth, against a power of such
magnitude, to reta
in what no one else valued or desired to keep, moved one
strangely. Again, somehow, one saw life, a pure bead. I lifted the pencil again, useless
though I knew it to be. But even as I did so, the unmistakable tokens of death
showed themselves. The body rel
axed, and instantly grew stiff. The struggle was
over. The insignificant little creature now knew death. As I looked at the dead moth,
this minute wayside triumph of so great a force over so mean an antagonist filled me
with wonder. Just as life had been s
trange a few minutes before, so death was now
as strange. The moth having righted himself now lay most decently and
uncomplainingly composed. O yes, he seemed to say, death is stronger than I am.
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