Need help-Accounting Theory Questions
Positive accounting theory and agency theory make certain central assumptions about what influences people’s decisions.
What are these assumptions? (3) Discuss whether you believe these are realistic of stakeholder behaviour? (5) How does this differ from the perspective embraced within normative research? (5) Does the current conceptual framework embrace a wide group of stakeholders? (2) Do you think that this framework is more aligned to the assumptions underlying a positive view by virtue of the stakeholders identified to be relevant? Discuss. (5)
Some information of how the question should be handled?
PAT (reference to self-interest, opportunistic behaviour, focus on wealth), Normative (reference to Legitimacy Theory – acceptability of actions to a community) (reference to ‘ethical’ dimension of stakeholder theory – addressing stakeholder ‘needs’)
Difference(s) – PAT descriptive and prescriptive – looks at what is, and therefore what is expected; Normative – looks at what should be – should be in terms of societal expectation, or the intrinsic needs of stakeholders.
Discussions of assumptions
Explain to a positive theorist – discuss in the context of an appeal to the assumptions underlying PAT – that is, when CSR reporting can be demonstrated to be important to generating wealth.
Note: use of examples to exemplify discussion is important.
Economics-based theories such as Positive Accounting Theory and Agency Theory make assumptions about what motivates human actions (for example, a quest to maximise personal wealth), and such motivations are attributed to all individuals.
By contrast, normative research studies consider what ‘should be’ and this may be explored empirically (legitimacy and stakeholder studies for example). These studies may explore individuals as groups or/and individuals’ actions and choices such as motivations to report information. They typically do not make broad-based assumptions about how all individuals behave, or about what motivates them to behave in a particular way (although there could be an acceptance that many individuals will tend to adopt specific strategies or biases when making decisions).
There has been an increasing trend since the 1990’s to broaden the concept of reporting to stakeholders. Prior to this time, the focus was on financial reporting of monetary amounts, and a strong focus on meeting compliance requirements. Since that time, financial and compliance requirements have increased significantly, but so has a trend to report on environmental and social activities, and more recently corporate governance matters. This has been an interesting change in terms of the expectations of what is required to report to stakeholders. Arguments have also moved to discussion that perhaps there are alternative reporting methods to monetary amounts, that in some cases monetary amounts may not be the most appropriate approach to reporting. This has implications for accountants who have had the main responsibility for both guiding reporting and offering assurance in regard to these reports.
Discuss this change in focus, ensuring you make clear the difference between integrated, sustainability and traditional financial reports. (14) In your response, you may like to consider whether this achievable in the historical cost framework? (6)
Some Information of how the Question should be handled
- What do you understand by traditional financial reporting (historic cost/variations on ‘true’ historic cost/reporting on past events??/basis to understand the future??). Traditional financial reporting focuses on recognising the financial effects of an entity’s transactions. It follows generally accepted accounting principles and accounting standards and is audited by an external auditor. The financial report is limited to transactions that have a financial impact. Sustainability reporting however goes beyond this. It includes reporting on the environmental activities and of the entity as well as its social impacts. These are combined with financial information.
- The following benefits can be gained from preparing sustainability reports:
- Embedding sound corporate governance and ethics systems throughout the organisation
- Improved management of risk through enhanced management systems and performance monitoring
- Formalising and enhancing communication with key stakeholders
- Attracting and retaining competent staff
- Ability to benchmark performance with other entities. Explain what is meant by sustainability reporting (the 3 dimensions/forward thinking)
- Differences between the two:
- Economic financial compared to eco/soc and env
- Report on past performance /future performance
- Historic cost/intergenerational equity
- Eco efficiency/eco-justice
- Need to change the outlook of accounting – the underlying process is based on historic cost and the past??
- How does the HCA model seek to achieve this? By recording actual business events/transaction in monetary form. A contract where a good/service is exchanged for $.
- However, this is a fiction:
- The HCA model operates as a mixed method model. There are judgements made relating to what is included making the model to a greater or lesser degree subjective, not totally reliable nor necessarily faithfully representative of events without bias. 
- Choice within accounting standards (Depreciation method, stock valuation, independent revaluations, impairment, fair value)
- Professional judgement in choices made
- Value systems of the accountant
- Approach where there not an accounting standard/regulation
- Implications of the additivity problem/changing prices
Need help-Accounting Theory Questions
Need Help-Macroeconomics Problems
Intro Macro N. Sheflin
Extra Credit Do any ONE of the following that appeals to you. Write your report as though addressing a clever friend who knew little economics, and use graphical or algebraic analysis as appropriate. Your work should be submitted via the ASSIGNMENT tool in Sakai as a WORD ATTACHMENT. It is due by December 16 9pm– no late submissions will be accepted.
DO NOT CHEAT. Your submission will automatically be checked by TURNITIN for plagiarism and checked against previous semester’s submissions. Be very careful to cite any sources used, use only your own words, not use the work of others without citation. The extra credit can add as much as 2% to your total points, but unless it is perfect, will likely add less. It will be given a 0-100% grade which sakai will convert into a 0-2% addition to your total points. There is no penalty for not doing the extra credit. Note that the final exam is a much more important determinant of your grade in the course so do not allow the extra credit to reduce your study time for the final.
TO GET ANY CREDIT, YOU MUST: INCLUDE and answer THE QUESTIONS I provide (copy and paste any of the following questions right into your report). If you do not include my questions with your answers after each one, you will receive no credit. NOT QUOTE from the book/article or anywhere else – Answer questions in YOUR OWN WORDS ANALYZE the material – you will be graded on your analysis, not your ability to summarize the source. RELATE the reading to what we are studying in this course. NOT write a book reports – ANSWER THE QUESTIONS NOT USE OTHERS WORK OR WORDS WITHOUT CITING THEM – don’t plagiarize (don’t copy and paste from Wikipedia, google searches, etc). Submit a 6-8 ‘typed’, double-spaced document in 11 point font.as a word attachment via Sakai’s ASSIGNMENT tool (not as a pdf)
1. Read Naked Money: A Revealing Look at What it is and Why it Matters, by Charles Wheelan, 2016, W.W. Norton and Company) and select at least one interesting point in each chapter and briefly summarize and relate it to what we have covered this semester. You must number and highlight each point, and then discuss/explain it. Ex: chapter 1 Why Gold is not a good money. As discussed in class, ….
2. Read at least sections I, II, III and V of Alan Blinder’s After the Music Stopped (2013) and explain his answers to the three questions he posed in chapter 1: 1. How Did We Ever Get Into Such A Mess, 2. What was Done and Why, and 3. Did We ‘Waste’ The Crisis?
3. Read “John Maynard Keynes Is the Economist the World Needs Now” http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2014-10-30/why-john-maynard-keyness-theories-can-fix- the-world-economy and a. explain WHY we needed Keynes then/ (financial crisis and great recession) by listing 10 important points made in the article and below each explain in terms of the theories and concepts developed in the course. Be sure to include points made about the recent U.S. and European recession as well as the great depression. i. Ex: 1. Austerity the article refers to austerity which is … Keynes explains this through the paradox of thrift in which …
b. Do we need Keynes NOW, given the state of the economy in 2016?
c. Read the Keynes Biographical sketch http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/commandingheights/shared/minitext/prof_johnmaynardkeynes.html and list and list and i) explain 10 interesting economic and biographical items in discusses. (again, list a point and then discuss it below it). ii) Was Keynes a socialist?
3. Read MAESTRO: Greenspan’s Fed and the American Boom by Bob Woodward, 2000, Touchstone Books. This fast-reading book covers Greenspan’s term at the Fed, up to 2001 and explains the economic events and the workings of the Fed in a non-technical way. Of course it is quite dated now, but good intro to how the Fed works and a quick read. Answer each of the following. a. Select three crises that occurred under Greenspan’s term, summarize the causes, consequences, and role of the Fed in each. b. Why was Greenspan (as Fed Chairman) concerned with such non-Fed issues as: i. the Federal Government Budget Deficit ii. the Bond market iii. the Social Security and Medicaid problems iv. That is, what did these have to do with the Fed? c. In hindsight, what errors did Greenspan make in his term as Chair of the Fed? d. Find 3 interesting personal facts about Greenspan and explain. Also, what is his, somewhat indirect, connection to Rutgers? e. Compare Bernanke’s term with Greenspan’s in terms of challenges and responses (this is not in the book-do some research here) i. What were the major issues of each Chair? ii. What was the basic public persona of each? iii. What was the educational and professional background of each? f. And what about Yellen’s term in comparison so far?
(There is a newer and more comprehensive biography of Greenspan by Mallaby The Man Who Knew but I’m still reading it)
4. Read http://larrysummers.com/2016/02/17/the-age-of-secular-stagnation/ and http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2014/11/secular-stagnation-graphics and https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-what-it-means-and-how- to-respond/ and http://time.com/4269733/secular-stagnation-larry-summers/ and answer the following: a. In what ways has the recovery from the recession been surprising? b. What is secular stagnation according to Summers, and what is the ‘core problem’? c. What evidence is there that we face secular stagnation? d. What are some of the alternative explanations of the issues, (liquidity trap, savings glut, etc).? e. What role do interest rates play in secular stagnation f. How does the ‘fourth industrial revolution / new economy” enter into secular stagnation? g. What does Summers’ see as the ‘cure’ h. What are some of the international policy implications of secular stagnation according to Summers? i. What are some political implications?
5. Read Burton Malkiel’s A Random Walk Down Wall Street (2016, W W Norton & Co;). Do the following, based on reading at least chapters 1-10 and 15 with the stress on part II. a. Why is the book titled “A Random Walk …”? b. Why are (some) markets efficient and why do stocks follow a random walk?
c. Explain why you can’t beat the market, according to Malkiel? d. What are the arguments/ evidence against efficient market theory? In favor? e. What are the implications for your personal investing of efficient markets hypothesis? f. What did the speculative episodes described in chapter 2 have in common? g. Define and defend Fundamental Analysis and explain why it doesn’t work. h. Explain and critique Technical Analysis and explain why it is widely used in light of your critique i. What are the main investment lessons of behavioral economics/finance – list and very briefly explain? j. Find 4 examples from recent news articles dealing with issues raised by Malkiel, cite and comment upon them. (copy and paste the headlines and briefly comment) k. What does Malkiel feel about the bubbles of the 2000s? l. How does Malkiel suggest you invest once you start working?
Help-Project INSE 6110:Foundations of Cryptography Due:Last class
1 Project paper Choose one of the pre-approved topics below,or you may suggest other topics (either as a survey or a novel contribution) but they must be approved by me.Projects are to be done individually or in groups of 2.You may suggest a group project that involves 3 or more people but it must be approved by me.All group members receive the same mark for the project. For this project,research the topic and write a paper (max 8 pages) explaining the subject,with ref- erences to the related literature,using the following template:
http://www.springer.com/computer/lncs?SGWID=0-164-6-793341-0 Your paper should summarize the subject with an introduction, explaining very clearly what the research problem is and how the subject addresses it. You should then explain the solution with technical detail. You should understand and cite at least 3 academic papers that appear at good quality venues. To ﬁnd papers and understand the concepts,try:
http://scholar.google.com http://link.springer.com/referencework/10.1007%2F978-1-4419-5906-5 If the paper does not appear at a conference in the ﬁrst 50 on this list,it is not likely a good quality venue:
http://academic.research.microsoft.com/RankList?entitytype=3&topdomainid=2&subdomainid= 2&last=0&orderby=1 In all cases,you can use your discretion (e.g.,papers at specialized workshops can be high quality, non-academic resources can be as well) and if you have any questions,ask me during the lecture break or during ofﬁce hours. Be sure to cite all sources you use. You may do citations in a conversational way (e.g., “Boneh et allist the ﬁve essential properties of blah as follows .”) Under no circumstance can you use someone else’s text as your own (even if you modify the grammar).Review Concordia’s plagiarism policy and understand it:
http://www.concordia.ca/students/academic-integrity/plagiarism.html https://www.concordia.ca/content/dam/encs/docs/Expectations-of-Originality-Feb14-2012. pdf
2 Pre-approved Topics Cryptographic Primitives and Protocols • Attribute-based Encryption • Blind Signatures • Bilinear Pairings • Bitcoin • Cryptographic Accumulators • Direct Anonymous Attestation (used by TPMs) • Dining Cryptographers • Fair Exchange • Fully Homomorphic Encryption • Garbled Circuits • GCMMode of Operation • Group Signatures • Indistinguishability Obfuscation • Identity-based Cryptography • Mix Networks • Oblivious Transfer • Off-the-Record Messaging • Post-Quantum Cryptography • Ring Signatures • Timed-Release Encryption • Universal Composability Cryptanalysis and Attacks • Differential Cryptanalysis • Boomerang Attack • Biclique Cryptanalysis News-worthy Events • RC4 biases in SSL/TLS • NSAbackdoor in Dual ECDRGB
Need help-EE 777K: POWER SYSTEMS PROTECTION Graduate Student(s): Undergraduate Student(s): Name and myWSU ID of group members:
Last Name First Name MyWSU ID
Objective: As an engineer, you should be able to understand new technologies quickly and communicate the information to both technical and non-technical colleagues. As graduate students, you should have the skills to do RESEARCH on any topics. This research project should help you further develop these skills.
Expectation: Select a topic related to CURRENT technologies in the wide area of power system protection. You can choose a topic from the given list or find a suitable topic. The report may be written about a technology itself or about applications of a technology. Selection of the topic is an important part of this assignment. Once you have decided on the topic you want to do an extended search in gathering information. You could use WSU library to browse electric power related publications (e.g. IEEE spectrum, IEEE Power Engineering Review, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, IEEE Trans. on Power System, IEEE trans. on Smart Grid, Electrical World, Transmission and Distribution, Power, and other magazines covering electric power issues). You are encouraged to use web search engines (e.g. google, wiki, ask, yahoo, etc.) and websites (www.epri.com, http://www.doe.gov, http://www.ieee.org, etc.). Confirm that your selection is current and relevant. Get familiarized with the interlibrary loan facility at WSU library. This could be the ideal source for most current information if the full text is not available online. The process can take up to two weeks. You are presenting this to your client. They need specific information that will allow them to make a decision and then begin to develop applications of the technology. They will not need history or fundamental engineering formulas. The history or fundamental engineering relationships formulas, etc. are NOT important. Make sure your presentation conveys the vital information about the technology. Pictures can presents lots of words.
Group Members: Graduate students may work in groups up to two; Undergraduate students may work in groups up to three.
Deadlines: The schedule for the research report is as follows: Dec. 1st to Dec 8th, 2016 Presentation for research topic Dec. 13th, 2016: Final report due.
Late submissions will NOT be accepted.
Plagiarism: Paper should be written in your own words. Directly copying any information (text, figures, equations, etc.) from any source without attributing it to the source is considered as plagiarism. Any form of plagiarism will result in getting ‘0’ for the assignment.
Guidelines for paper: Using Microsoft Word. Page limits: Min 4 pages; Max 8 pages. Using IEEE guideline for preparations of papers is required. Using blackboard for submitting the assignment.
Guidelines for presentation: Use Microsoft PowerPoint. Each student/group will be given 10 minutes to present, 5 minutes of question time.
Declaration: To receive a grade for this assignment you must sign on the following. Note that any form of plagiarism will result in student getting zero for the assignment.
We did not collaborate with anyone on this assignment but my group member and the instructor:
Name: (1)___________________ (2)____________________ (3)_________________________
Signature: (1)___________________ (2)____________________ (3)_________________________
Help-General Chemistry II (CHE-112)
Semester and year:
Written Assignment 6: Reactions of Acids and Bases
Answer all assigned questions and problems, and show all work.
- Determine the pH of (a) a 0.40 M CH3CO2H solution, (b) a solution that is 0.40 M CH3CO2H and 0.20 M NaCH3CO2. (8 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.5)
- Which of the following solutions can act as a buffer? (a) KCl/HCl, (b) KHSO4/H2SO4, (c) KNO2/HNO2. (5 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.9)
- Calculate the pH of the buffer system made up of 0.15 M NH3/0.35 M NH4 (5 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.11)
- The pH of a bicarbonate-carbonic acid buffer is 8.00. Calculate the ratio of the concentration of carbonic acid (H2CO3) to that of the bicarbonate ion (HCO3–). (5 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.13)
- The pH of a sodium acetate–acetic acid buffer is 4.50. Calculate the ratio [CH3COO–]/[CH3COOH]. (5 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.15)
- Calculate the pH of the 0.20 M NH3/0.20 M NH4Cl buffer. What is the pH of the buffer after the addition of 10.0 mL of 0.10 M HCl to 65.0 mL of the buffer? (8 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.17)
- A 0.2688 g sample of a monoprotic acid neutralized 16.4 mL of 0.08133 M KOH solution. Calculate the molar mass of the acid. (5 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.27)
- In a titration experiment, 12.5 mL of 0.500 M H2SO4 neutralize 50.0 mL of NaOH. What is the concentration of the NaOH solution? (5 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.29)
- A 0.1276 g sample of an unknown monoprotic acid was dissolved in 25.0 mL of water and titrated with 0.0633 M NaOH solution. The volume of base required to bring the solution to the equivalence point was 18.4 mL. (a) Calculate the molar mass of the acid. (b) After 10.0 mL of base had been added during the titration, the pH was determined to be 5.87. What is the Ka of the unknown acid? (10 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.31)
- Calculate the pH at the equivalence point for the following titration: 0.20 M HCl versus 0.20 M methylamine (CH3NH3; Kb = 4.4 × 10–4) (5 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.33)
- A 25.0 mL solution of 0.100 M CH3COOH is titrated with a 0.200 M KOH solution. Calculate the pH after the following additions of the KOH solution: (a) 0.0 mL, (b) 5.0 mL, (c) 10.0 mL, (d) 12.5 mL, (e) 15.0 mL. (25 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.35)
- Referring to the following table:
|Indicator||Color in Acid||Color in Base||pH Range*|
|Bromophenol blue||Yellow||Bluish purple||3.0–4.6|
*The pH range is defined as the range over which the indicator changes from the acid color to the base color.
Specify which indicator or indicators you would use for the following titrations: (9 points)
- HCOOH versus NaOH
- HCl versus KOH
- HNO3 versus CH3NH2
(Reference: Chang 16.43)
- The pKa of butyric acid (HBut) is 4.7. Calculate Kb for the butyrate ion (But–). (5 points)
(Reference: Chang 16.97)
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Complete Part I of Stories of Transformation Leadership in the Human
Services. Please include readings from weeks one and two. Make sure you are referencing the actual agency and not the Alliance Group. This would be the agency ran by Allison Smith.
Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper that addresses the following:
Are the staff in this agency self-aware? Why or why not? Provide examples.
How do the staff members perceive the work they do? How is this perception affecting their relationship with each other? How might it be harmful to clients? Provide examples.
Based on the readings, how would you define personal values? What values do the staff of this agency hold? Are these values a good match for quality human services work? Explain.What belief system or systems do the staff adhere to? What are some beliefs that can be improved on or changed to create a better work experience, while maintaining quality in services delivered?
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.
Transformation Leadership in the Human Services
Are the staffs in this agency self-aware? Why or why not? Provide examples.
Self-awareness is a very important virtue in any agency or organization. In fact, it enables a person to acknowledge and understand what he or she feels. Personnel in an agency should show self-awareness as they render services to clients. As a result, they can easily recognize their feelings and the impact those feelings have on others. The staff in Allison Smith agency is self-aware since they understand the problems that the agency faces (Burghardt & Tolliver, 2009). The agency operates based on the philosophy of ensuring the clients and staff learns the ethics of self-care. The philosophical techniques comprise of dialogue, contemplation and listening. The staff must portray good conduct at all times especially when serving clients. Regina, for instance, informs Nick that she understands the problems that the agency is undergoing. She is aware that Allison has failed to plan about the future of the agency.
The agency is a non-profit organization thus the need to plan the use of funds in a proper manner. Despite the self-awareness portrayed by the staff, the management considers itself unable to make good decisions. This causes arguments to arise in a meeting that was intended to determine the effective use of the funds (Aarons, 2006). Ritchie, a client overheard Alfred and Shondelle arguing and decides to knock the door in order to remind them of the rules. He tells them the essence of politeness as an inexpensive virtue. The agency philosophy makes people to realize that caring for oneself is necessary in the entire lifetime. The inability of the staff in the agency to follow self care may cause bad results in most areas of the organization (Burghardt et al., 2009). As a result, misunderstandings will ensue between clients and staff.
How do the staff members perceive the work they do? How is this perception affecting their relationship with each other? How might it be harmful to clients? Provide examples.
The short story “Salt and Pepper in the Pot” demonstrates the level of individualism in terms of staff perceptions towards work. For example, the meeting involves impolite words such as “you people” and “I can handle my department without any assistance.” These statements show the unhealthy relationships between the staff at the workplace. In fact, most of them feel content in their own capacity and consider the contribution of others as unnecessary. Most of the professionals in the meeting have a perception that their work is strenuous and difficult. Burn out is a contributing factor towards the arguments that arise in the meeting including the comments related to budget cuts (Burghardt et al., 2009). Allison Smith has failed to exude confidence among the staff members due to her inability to make decisions that will steer the agency in the right direction. This shows the poor relationship she has with the staff thus the frequent conflicts during meetings. Allison did not express her commitment towards the agency. As a result, she publicly declares her inability to make good decisions about the future of the agency thus making staff members develop feelings of uncertainty. Staff members could be arguing over the negative perception they have towards each other rather than the funding of the agency.
The meeting was about applying professionalism to establish how the agency and the departments would continue to function. Regina, the supervisor has odd perceptions towards the team especially Nick. She considers economic status and race as the contributing aspects to conflicts at work. Unhealthy perceptions and separation among colleagues are the cause of Regina’s negative reaction or attitude towards them (Burghardt et al., 2009). Poor perceptions among colleagues affect productivity especially in handling clients since they do not get all the attention they require. The team in the agency is not working towards a greater cause. In fact, the burn out shows the detrimental effect of the professionals towards the care that should be offered to the clientele. The inability to work collaboratively and offer proper treatment to clients is, therefore, associated with a lack of self-awareness and perception (Garman, Davis‐Lenane & Corrigan, 2003).
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Based on the readings, how would you define personal values? What values do the staff of this agency hold? Are these values a good match for quality human services work? Explain.
Personal values dictate the behavior and perception of someone towards others. According to the readings, personal values resonate with the manner in which the operations at the agency are undertaken. Personal value is the ability to handle client’s requirements to their satisfaction while considering the views of others as necessary (Burghardt et al., 2009). The agency can be successful when the staff works collaboratively through idea-sharing in an effort to achieve the objectives. The staff is always arguing about concerns that should be treated with the prudence it requires. The funding of the agency depends on proper decision making that will ensure its success in the future. The lack of perception and good attitudes among staff members is affecting the personal values of the agency. In fact, they are derailing the progress of the agency since everyone wants to be independent-minded.
Regina, for instance, considers collaboration difficult since the team members want to work on their own. Nick is already accusing Allison for the poor management of funds instead of helping to find a lasting solution to the woes in the agency. The clients are also involved in the wrangles as they are caught between the resolution of the management and that of the staff. The staff of the agency holds negative values such as impoliteness, insults and false accusations since they do not believe in each other’s work. Rather than working towards a common goal, they keep arguing in meetings as everyone strives to pursue individualism (Manning, 2003). These values have a negative impact on the quality of human services work. Clients believe that the staff should act as their role model by behaving morally and addressing their concerns with integrity. However, this is not the case since they keep arguing and faulting each other over funds that should care for the wellbeing of the clients.
What belief system or systems do the staff adhere to? What are some beliefs that can be improved on or changed to create a better work experience, while maintaining quality in services delivered?
The staff believes in the spirit of individualism in attending to clients. The conflicts in the meetings they attend are attributed to the lack of harmony among the staff members. They do not engage each other in agency activities and have instead chosen to criticize their colleagues in one way or another. The staff believes that working at an individual level yields more results and prevents contradiction. Decision making is done on individual grounds rather than a group. The perceptions they have towards each other is not conducive for the agency (Burghardt et al., 2009). The agency should be attuned to the spirit of service to clients without arguments with regards to funding and other agency concerns. Although the staff comprises of different personality traits and attitudes, it is necessary that collaborative effort is acknowledged for the success of the agency. The lack of open-mindedness is also evident in the agency since Allison fails to involve the staff on matters of funding. The chaos in meetings is attributed to the inability to account for funds and the need for adequate planning for the future of the agency. The arguments among the staff demonstrate the belief that issues cannot be resolved in a polite manner without quarrelling. The management under the leadership of Allison Smith is unable to make good decisions about the future of the agency. The belief in this case, is the lack of necessary mechanics to help with the budgeting for future of the agency.
The agency should improve on the individualistic aspect at the workplace so that the staff can work collaboratively towards a common goal. Regina will not be able to supervise the team unless there is collaboration or collective effort among the teammates. Allison should also engage the staff in the decisions regarding the funding of the agency. The involvement will reduce the conflicts and arguments during meetings. As a result, everyone will be working towards a consensus that seeks to create a better working environment for the staff (Mary, 2005). It is necessary for preparedness to prevail in the agency for the purpose of ensuring there is awareness about what goes on. Besides, the staff should realize that without the ethical guidelines that relate to dealing with clients, the agency will not operate as expected. Client interest should be safeguarded since they showcase the essence of the agency’s existence. The staff should acknowledge that clients are looking up to them as role models. As a result, they should portray themselves as worthy at all times. The clients need to be encouraged that the staff comprises of a strong team that can easily handle their grievances to satisfaction.
Aarons, G. A. (2006). Transformational and transactional leadership: Association with attitudes toward evidence-based practice. Psychiatric services, 57(8), 1162-1169.
Burghardt, S., & Tolliver, W. (2009). Stories of transformative leadership in the human services: why the glass is always full. Sage.
Garman, A. N., Davis‐Lenane, D., & Corrigan, P. W. (2003). Factor structure of the transformational leadership model in human service teams. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24(6), 803-812.
Manning, S. S. (2003). Ethical leadership in human services: A multi-dimensional approach. Pearson College Division.
Mary, N. L. (2005). Transformational leadership in human service organizations. Administration in Social Work, 29(2), 105-118.
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Need help;OH 45435 BME/ISE 3211 Human Biomechanics I
Department of Biomedical, Industrial, and Human Factors Engineering
Wright State University
• 3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy. • Dayton,
OH 45435 BME/ISE 3211 Human Biomechanics I
Course Project, Fall 2016 Due Date: 28 October 2016
Overview This document outlines the BME/ISE 3211 Human Biomechanics I Course Project in which biostatics analysis is used to design rehabilitation parameters for a patient with a torn distal biceps tendon. Each student will construct a free-body diagram of the human elbow/tendon system, perform static analysis of the system with an external load placed in the hand, calculate theoretical tendon tensions for a set of specified angles and loads, display data graphically, and design rehabilitation parameters within constraints set by an injury specialist. A formal report is to be submitted to a dropbox on Pilot with all relevant info and conclusions. Background You are a consulting biomedical/industrial engineer assisting an employer in a prominent regional manufacturing company. An employee has torn a distal biceps tendon and must undergo rehabilitation. An injury specialist has performed tests and advises that the injured tendon should not be subjected to forces exceeding 650 N during rehabilitation. The employee’s job requires routine handling of parts ranging from 3-6 kg. During manipulation of these parts, the employee must extend the arm with supinated palm and hold the forearm in a horizontal position such that the small angle between the long axis of the upper arm and the forearm ranges from 15°-75°. Your task is to perform biostatics analysis to determine if any of these loads causes tendon tension to exceed the value advised by the injury specialist. From this analysis, you will prepare a report for submission to the employer. Theoretical System Parameters for Biostatics Analysis Fig. 1 shows a pictorial diagram of the extended forearm holding a load in the supinated hand. Fig. 1: Pictorial diagram of the extended forearm handling a variable mass. Assume that the axis of rotation of the elbow is fixed at point O and the attachment point of the distal biceps tendon is located at point A, a = 5.7 cm from O. The mass of the entire forearm including hand is mB = 1.66 kg and its center of gravity is located at point B, b = 21.0 cm from O. Define the load in the hand as mC; its center of gravity is located at point C, c = 40.6 cm from O. Define FM as the biceps tendon tension. Assume that the line of action of FM is parallel to the long axis of the upper arm throughout the specified range of motion. Therefore, define θ as the angle FM makes with the forearm; i.e., with respect to horizontal. © 2016 J. Tritschler • Department of Biomedical, Industrial, and Human Factors Engineering Wright State University • 3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy. • Dayton, OH 45435 Report Guidelines and Grading Rubric 1) Prepare an electronically-generated free-body diagram of the system utilizing the parameters outlined above. You may use shapes in MS Word or the drawing program of your choice. Include all dimensional information and a coordinate system. (20%) 2) Derive an expression for the magnitude FM in terms of θ and mC. Hint: you only need one rotational equilibrium equation to do this. (20%) 3) Compute FM for each of seven masses placed in the hand [mC = 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5, 5.0, 5.5, and 6.0 kg] at each of seven angles of distal biceps tendon tension [θ = 15, 25, 35, 45, 55, 65, and 75°]. Prepare a table with these 49 values of distal biceps tendon tension, with θ placed along the x-axis (columns) and mC placed along the y-axis (rows). Label and caption this table. Highlight values that exceed the limit advised by the injury specialist in a suitable color. (20%) 4) Generate a graph with seven smoothed-line scatter plots (including data points) showing FM (y) vs. θ (x) for each of the seven masses using Excel or MatLab. Draw a heavy line on the graph in a suitable color indicating the tension limit advised by the specialist. Likewise, generate a similar graph showing FM (y) vs. mc (x) for each of the seven angles and a line indicating the advised tension limit. Label and caption both graphs. (20%) 5) Prepare a formal report in MS Word and submit a .docx file with the following sections: (20%) • Cover Page o name of the university and department o title of the report o submitted by: (your name) o submitted to: (Dr. Joe Tritschler) o date of submission • Introduction and Purpose o You may paraphrase the description of the problem in this assignment, but don’t simply copy and paste it. • Data and Results o Include all diagrams, derivations, equations, tables, and charts. • Discussion o Discuss the figures in the table and charts and address the following questions: What happens to the theoretical magnitude of distal biceps tendon tension as the arm becomes fully extended; i.e., θ approaches zero degrees? What does this suggest about the limitations of our analysis? • Conclusions and Recommendations o Should the injured employee undergo on-the-job rehabilitation? o Specify design parameters for a rehabilitation algorithm based on your computations. You may consult with a classmate regarding help with graphs or double-checking derivations, but all reports and corresponding work are individual for this assignment and will be checked by turnitin.com. Please upload your .docx file to the specified dropbox in Pilot no later than 5:00p.m. EST Friday 28 October 2016.
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